ledger

n.總帳 [ a book to which the record of accounts is transferred as final entry from original postings.]

 

聯想: l + edge +r 旁邊放了一本帳本

題外:

 

 

 

 

leer

v.送秋波 or 惡意的瞥視 [To look with a sidelong glance, indicative especially of sexual desire or sly and malicious intent.]

ex. He is leering at his neighbor's wife.
他正色迷迷地斜著眼看鄰居的太太。

 

聯想:ee跟眼睛有關

 

 

 

 

 

 

leery

leer-y

adj. [ wary ; suspicious]

ex. I'm leery of his financial advice.

 

字構:leery概念借用當你 leer sth, 斜眼看者某東西,表示你似乎不太相信他,所有有懷疑的概念。

 

c.f

wary adj.小心翼翼的;警惕的 = leery = chary

weary  [wear-y] adj.疲倦的,疲勞的

ex. I'm so weary of political commercials that I cut the TV off every time one comes on.

 

 

 

 

 

 

brief review
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字根leg特輯

 

**leg == law 法律 L. lex-, leg- = law

 

legal           adj.合法的

legitimate    adj.合法的 (可以用在繼承權上)

 

legisl-ate      v.制定法律 [enact laws]

legisl-ation    n.制定法律

legisl-ature    n.立法機關

 

al-leg-iance    n.忠誠 [lawful-->faithful]

 

[特] litigation  n.訴訟      lit    +    ig  +  ation.
(lawsuit)   (do)      n.

 

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**leg == appoint, send L. legare = send

 

legate    n.使節(羅馬教皇的使節)

delegate    n.代表、會議代表  v.委派...為代表  [de- = dis-]

relegate    v.貶謫、放逐                            [re-做back解]

 

leg-acy   n.遺產   [前人所send之物]

 

----------------------------------------

 

主型式lect,變化型為leg

 

** lect         1 號 == choose

leg-->lig

 

elect        v.選出  // election    n.選舉

select       v.選擇

intellect    n.智力  [intel + lect選]

legion       n.古羅馬軍團  adj.眾多的,大量的  [被選出來的士兵]

 

 

** lect          2 號 == gather

leg-->lig

 

collect  v.收集

sacr-i-lege n.褻瀆、褻瀆聖物  [從聖地收集來的-->盜取-->褻瀆]

 

** lect          3 號 == read

leg-->lig

 

lectern    n.教堂中的讀經臺

lecture    n.演講

legible  adj.(字清晰)易讀的

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legacy

leg( send )-acy

n.遺產 [Something handed down from an ancestor or a predecessor or from the past]

ex. He' s gambled away all his father' s legacy.

 

字源: ME legacie office of a deputy or legate,本來是是當作代理官的意思,他是源於 L. legare, send as a deputy. 後來概念轉成 send money.

legacy:predecessor=gift:donor

 

 

 

 

 

 

legend

n.傳說 [ a nonhistorical or unverifiable story handed down by tradition from earlier times and popularly accepted as historical.]

ps. legend是沒有被歷史證實的,卻傳統上一直流傳下來,於是就被廣泛接受成歷史的部份,比方說三皇五帝是否真的存在等等...

n.圖例 [ a table on a map , chart, or the like, listing and explaining the symbols used .]

 

c.f pronunciation key =就是字典的音表介紹表

glossary:text=legend:map

 

 

 

 

 

legerdemain

leger-de-main

n.手的戲法 [Sleight (n. =skill) of hand]

ex. Magic is not only legerdemain, but also a performing art, trying to break our common sense.

n.欺騙 [ trickery; deception.]

 

字源: 法文 leger de mayne = light of hand

為什麼 mayne 跟hand有關呢,因為 字根man就是手的意思

還記得manuscript, manumit都是跟手有關唷

 

"超強"

 

 

 

 

 

 

legion

leg(choose)-ion

n.古羅馬軍團 [a division of the Roman army, usually comprising 3000 to 6000 soldiers.]

ps. 原指古羅馬軍團(3000~6000人)

n.外籍軍團 [foreign legion ---a specialized military unit of the French army, consisting of volunteers of all nationalities assigned to military operations and duties outside France.]

ps. 特別指的法國的外籍傭兵團,志願服務於他國軍隊的特殊軍團。(台灣有個竹科新貴跑去當外籍傭兵--小吳)

adj.大量的 [very great in number]

legion <> lack in number

 

 

 

 

 

legislate

legisl(leg的變化)-ate

v. 制定法律 [ to exercise the function of legislation; make or enact laws.]

ex. to  legislate against racial discrimination.

 

 

 

legislation

legisl-ation

n. 制定法律 [the act of making or enacting laws.]

n.法律 [a law or a body of laws enacted.]

ex. The new legislation does not go far enough towards solving the problem.
新的法規對解決該問題並無多大幫助.

 

 

 

legislature

legisl-ature

n.立法機關, 立法院 [a deliberative body of persons, usually elective, who are empowered to make, change, or repeal the laws of a country or state; the branch of government having the power to make laws]

 

 

 

 

 

legitimate

legitim-ate

adj.婚生的 [born in wedlock or of legally married parents]

ex. He is the legitimate heir to the property.
他是這宗財產的合法繼承人。

adj.合法的 [ according to law; lawful]

v. 使合法 [ To give legal force or status to; make lawful.]

 

字源:legitim來自 L. legitima legi=law, -tima是個suffix

 

claim:legitimated=hypothesis:confirmed

 

 

 

review p.245

illegitimate

in-legitim-ate

adj.私生的  [ born of parents who are not married to each other]

ex. an illegitimate child
私生子

adj.不合法的;違法的 [ unlawful; illegal]

ex. illegitimate use of public funds.

 

 

 

 

 

leisureliness

leisurely-ness

n.悠閒 [an unhurried manner]

leisureliness <> dispatch

 

 

 

 

 

lenient

adj.寬大的;仁慈的 [ Inclined not to be harsh or strict; merciful, generous, or indulgent]

ex. lenient policy

ex. lenient parents

 

字源(看看就好): L. lēniēns , lēnient- , p.p of lēnīre , to pacify, from lēnis , soft

 

 

 

 

 

leniency

n.寬大;仁慈 [the quality or state of being lenient.]

ex. He said he would show no leniency towards those who stirred up trouble between Muslims and Christians.

 

ps.如果有接觸過社會心理學的話,可能會見過「leniency effect」仁慈效應。 社會心理學家研究人知覺時發現,一般人對別人的評價,如以從最壞到最好的七點量表為根據,最後所得總結果,總是在中點(四點)以上。換言之,一般人總是認為別人好的方面比壞的方面多,此一社會心理傾向,稱為仁慈效應。

 

 

 

 

 

 

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