lapse

n.小錯,失誤 [A usually minor or temporary failure; a slip]

ex. a lapse of memory = 記憶的小錯

ex. a lapse in judgment. = 判斷的小錯

n.時間的流逝,間隔 「an interval or passage of time; elapsed period]

ex. a lapse of ten minutes before the program resumed.

n. 下降 [ a fall or decline to a lower grade, condition, or degree]

ex. moral lapse = 道德淪喪

v. 偏離 [ to fall or deviate from a previous standard; fail to maintain a normative level]

ex. Toward the end of the book the author lapsed into bad prose.

v. 終止 [ To come to an end, especially gradually or temporarily]

ex. She allowed her membership to lapse after the first year.

 

ps. laspe的意思很多,但只要掌握住核心概念就不會亂, lapse它的核心概念是從"slip 滑動、滑倒"發展而來的 ,當一個人滑倒的時候看起來是不是像出了錯了呢。所以laspe最原始就有「a minor error」的意思。接下來,由於slip的概念,lapse也用作時間的滑動,就是指「時間的間隔」,是由一段時間滑過去了而構成的。 此外,slip也當作滑"倒",所以lapse有當作下降、偏離的意思。

 

字源: L lāpsus an error, slipping, failing

 

"Time-Lapse video, 就是長時間曝光的畫面"

lapse:error

 

 

 

larder

lard-er

n.食品室 [a room or place where food is kept; pantry.]

 

lard n. 豬油

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pal-try adj.無價值的、瑣碎的

pan-try n.食品室 [a room for storing food] (想成跟平底鍋pan有關)

pas-try n.糕點 (想成跟paste漿糊、麵糰一樣黏黏的)

 

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largess [ lɑr'dʒes ]

n.贈與 [generous bestowal of gifts; liberal giving (as of money) to ]

ex. Our people are in no need of richer nations' largess.
我國人民不需要富國的慷慨的贈與。

 

字源: ME largesse < OF largesse large

 

 

 

largesse [ lɑr'dʒes ]

n.贈與 [generous bestowal of gifts; liberal giving (as of money) to ]

 

largesse = largess

 

 

 

 

 

lark

n. 雲雀 (之類的鳥)

n.嬉耍 [a merry, carefree adventure; innocent or good-natured mischie f, a prank]

ex. They stole a key for a lark, but now they're in trouble.

v.嬉耍  [to behave mischievously; play pranks.]

 

 

 

larva

n. 幼蟲 [ Entomology . the immature, wingless, feeding stage of an insect that undergoes complete metamorphosis .]

ex. A caterpillar is the larva of a butterfly.
毛蟲是蝴蝶的幼體.

 

plural larvae [ lar‧v i ]

 

 

 

 

lash

n.鞭 [the flexible part of a whip]

n.鞭打 [a swift stroke or blow, with a whip or the like, given as a punishment]

ex. The lash of public opinion compelled him to resign.

n.眼睫毛 [an eyelash.]

v.鞭打 [to strike or beat, as with a whip or something similarly slender and flexible.]

ps.除了用於punishment之外,也可以形容被風、浪打

ex.. The rain lashed the trees.

v.綁緊 [ To secure or bind, as with a rope, cord, or chain.] ..(此義字源不太一樣 akin to lace)

 

ps. lash感覺就像是鞭打時的聲音

lash <> unbind

 

 

 

lassitude

n.無精打采、厭倦 [ A state or feeling of weariness, diminished energy, or listlessness; listlessness ; languor ]

ex. He combated his lassitude, and made an effort to recover the mastery of his mind.

 

聯想:lass(lady) + itude 少女病奄奄的

字源: L. lassitūdō weariness, = lass(us) weary + i + -tūdō -tude

 

 

 

lasso

n.套索 [A long rope with a running noose (結) at one end, used especially to catch horses and cattle. Also called lariat .[ 'lærɪət ]]

 

ps. 如果你有用photoimpact, 或是 photoshop的話,你也會在工具列上看到 lasso tools.

 

音:lasso的音近似 拉索

字源: Sp lazo < L laqueus noose, bond

 

 

 

lasting

last(v.持續)-ing

adj.持久的 [continuing or enduring a long time]

ex. a lasting friendship.

ex. First impressions are most lasting.
最初的印象最深刻。

ex. His policies had a lasting effect on our country's economy.
他的政策對我國的經濟始終產生著影響。

 

lasting <> evanescent adj.漸消失的

 

 

 

latent

adj.潛伏的, 潛在的[ present but not visible, apparent, or actualized; existing as potential]

ex. latent ability

ex. latent heat

ex. a latent emotion

adj . [ Pathology . (of an infectious agent or disease) remaining in an inactive or hidden phase]

 

 

ps. latent heat from ice to water 80 cal/g

 

 

 

 

latency

n.潛伏, 潛在 [ the state of being latent.]

 

Latent period v.s. Incubation period

Latent period 感染 (infection) 到能傳染 (infectiousness) 的時間
Incubation period 感染 (infection) 到開始發病 (onset of the disease) 的時間

 

 

 

 

 

 

lateral

later(side)-al

adj.側面的 [ of or pertaining to the side]

ex. lateral movement

n.側面  [ A lateral part, projection, passage,]

 

字源: L. laterālis of the side, = later- (s. of latus ) side + -ālis -al

ps.  Lateral thinking, is about reasoning that is not immediately obvious and about ideas that may not be obtainable by using only traditional step-by-step logic.

 

 

 

 

 

lathe

n. 車床 [A machine for shaping a piece of material, such as wood or metal, by rotating it rapidly along its axis while pressing a fixed cutting or abrading tool against it.]

 

lathe:shape=clasp:fasten
車床用來成型=夾子用來夾緊



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