lampoon

n.諷刺(文) [a sharp, often virulent satire directed against an individual or institution; a work of literature, art, or the like , ridiculing severely the character or behavior of a person, society, etc.]

v.諷刺 [to mock or ridicule in a lampoon]

ex. to lampoon important leaders in the government.

ex. His cartoon mercilessly lampoon the leading politician of the day.
他的諷刺漫畫無情地挖苦了當今的政界要人

 

ps. xination有看過一段lampoon是這樣的,它是一段TV show,用來挖苦紐約市長的(紐約市長是盲人),在show中市長拿著經濟的趨勢圖,然後說「喔,我們現在的經濟越來不越好了,你看..」,然後現場的記者卻跟市長說「市長你圖拿反了」,市長:「sorry,因為我看不到」

 

字源:lampoon這個字的來源不是很確定,但有說法是lampoon是從法文的 lampon 來的,意思就"let us drink",可能來自於lap v.舔...所以它的意思"讓我們舔吧!!"

ps. 有一家公司就叫做national lampoon, (the film and television comedy-oriented production company formed in 2002)

 

lampoon:satirize

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lance

n. 長矛 [a long wooden shaft with a pointed metal head, used as a weapon by knights and cavalry soldiers in charging.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lancet

n.一種小手術刀(柳葉刀) [a small surgical instrument, usually sharp-pointed and two-edged, for making small incisions]

ps.比方說,一些糖尿病者需要自測血糖,就會用Diabetic Lancet/ Blood Lancet

allergy:reaction=lancet:instrument

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

landfill

land-fill

n.垃圾填埋地 [a low area of land that is built up from deposits of solid refuse in layers covered by soil.]

ex. refuse landfill
垃圾填埋場

ps. landfall n.登陸 [不是土掉下來了唷...]

ex. Typhoon will make a landfall tomorrow.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

landlocked

land-lock-ed

adj.為陸地所包圍的;內陸的  [Entirely or almost entirely surrounded by land]

ex. Switzerland is complete landlocked.

ps. Do you know which is the largest landlocked country in the world?

Ans Kazakhstan 哈薩克

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

landmark

n.地標 [a prominent or conspicuous object on land that serves as a guide, esp. to ships at sea or to travelers on a road; a distinguishing landscape feature marking a site or location]

ex. The church on the hilltop was a well-known landmark.
山頂上的教堂是一個顯著的陸標。

ex. Taipei 101 is a landmark of Taipei.

n.(歷史上劃時代的)重大事件,里程碑 [An event marking an important stage of development or a turning point in history.]

ex. a landmark in the history of modern art
當代藝術史上的里程碑

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

landslide

land-slide

n.山崩 [the downward falling or sliding of a mass of soil, detritus, or rock on or from a steep slope.]

ex. Many people were dug out after being buried by the landslide.
有許多埋在土裡的人被挖出來。

n.(選舉中的)壓倒性大勝利 [an election in which a particular victorious candidate or party receives an overwhelming mass or majority of votes]

ex. Opinion polls forecast a Conservative landslide.
民意測驗預示保守黨有獲得壓倒性多數票的可能.

n. [any overwhelming victory]

 

ps.1  landslide victory

ps.2 美國用landslide, 英國用landslip

關於slide與slip的比較可以看p.222

slide有快、輕易 rapid and easy; slip較有accidental的意味

 

 

 

 

langu.or     n.倦怠        [lack of energy or vitality]

langu.ish    v.變得無生氣  [to lose vigor and vitality]

langu.id   adj.無精打采的  [lacking in vigor or vitality]  (諧音:懶鬼)

 

language     n.語言

linguistics    n.語言學

 

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languish /ˋlæŋɡwɪʃ/

langu(lax)-ish

v.變得無生氣,衰弱 [To be or become weak or feeble; lose strength or vigor.]

ex. We all languished in the failure of our experiment .

v.憔悴, 苦思 [To become downcast or pine away in longing]

ex. languish for love, company, sympathy

ex. They languish for their friends and family.

v.長期受苦 [To exist or continue in miserable or disheartening conditions]

ex. No one knows for certain how many refugees wander the world today, or languish in camps without a permanent place of settlement.

 

字源: L. langu ēre ; akin to L.laxus lax adj.鬆的

 

 

 

 

 

 

languid

langu(lax)-id

adj.沒有活力的 [ lacking in vigor or vitality; slack (鬆的、馬虎的) or slow]

ex. The illness made him feel languid.
疾病使他感到倦怠乏力。

adj.無精打采的 [lacking in spirit or interest; listless]

ex. speaking with a languid tone

languid:stir=arrogant:defer

 

 

 

 

 

 

languor /ˋlæŋɡɚ/

langu(lax)-or

n.無氣力、無精打采 [Lack of physical or mental energy; sluggishness.]

ex. Jazz music induce a delightful languor .

 

 

c.f.

language

字源: ME. langue "tongue".   ex. lingua  adj.舌;似舌的器官

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


lank

adj.過度長的 [unduly (過度地) long and slender]

ex. lank grass; lank leafless trees.

ex. the horses are lean and lank. /* lean adj.傾斜的、瘦的*/

adj.(頭髮)平直的,不鬈曲的 [ of hair, straight and limp (n/v.跛行 a.柔弱的) ; without spring or curl.]


ps. 在聖誕節的歌中..就是中文有「叮叮噹,叮叮噹,鈴聲多響亮」,歌詞中就有"The horse was lean and lank".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lap

v.(波浪)輕輕拍打 [(of water) to wash against or beat upon (something) with a light, slapping or splashing sound]

ex. wave laps on a beach

v.舐食 [to take in (liquid) with the tongue; lick in]

ex. dog laps water

 

n.膝部 [the front part of the human body from the waist to the knees when in a sitting position.]

n.(衣,裙等的)下襬 [the part of the clothing that lies on the front portion of the body from the waist to the knees when one sits.]

 

v.摺疊 [to fold over or around something; wrap or wind around something]

ex. to lap a bandage around one's finger .

ps. overlap

n.(競賽場的)一圈

 

 

 

 

 

 

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