n. [a dirty mark or smear]

  ex. Wash your hands or you'll make smudges on the writing paper.

  ex. The smudge-proof stainless steel body.

  ex. instead, even the best earthbound telescopes ordinarily see a star as a fat smudge.

v. [make a dirty or blurred mark or marks on (sth)]


drudge, grugde, trudge




drudge  v.做苦工 (比方說在工廠剝玉米一整天,或是像鴻海那樣的代工=_=)


grudge  v.吝嗇、勉強給 v. 怨恨 (ex. hold grudge  against sb)


trudge   v.跋涉


smudge  v.弄髒 n.汙漬









adj. [excessively self-satisfied or complacent]

   ps. If you say that someone is smug, you are criticizing the fact they seem very pleased with how good, clever, or lucky they are.

   ex. she smiles smugly at the failures of others


smug  a.自鳴得意的
  mug  n.馬克杯



 Smug Street Art  By RisanStyle










v.走私 [to import or export (goods) secretly, in violation of the law, especially without payment of legal duty.]

  ex. The vehicles, it turned out, were being used to smuggle  gasoline.












n. [a device, often consisting of a noose, for capturing small animals. ]

  ex. love is a snare.

v. [to catch with a snare ]

  ex. He snared  a small bird or two, providing a tiny bit of protein for the family pot.

  ps. ensnare v.


How to Set a Rabbit Snare











v.露出牙齒低聲怒吠 [to show the teeth and growl angrily]

  ex. The dog snarled at the mailman.

  ex. When people approach, the adult dogs raise their hackles and snarl threateningly. (ps. hackles = 動物發怒時頸背部豎起的毛)


n. [a tangle, as of thread, hair, or wire.]

v. [to bring into a tangled condition, as thread or hair.]

  ps. gnarl n.樹木的節;瘤 [A protruding knot on a tree.]

 Hercules The Snarling Kissing Jack Russell Terrier












v. [to seize by a sudden or hasty grasp]

  ex. He snatched the old lady's purse and ran.

  ex. When 2013 NBA Finals tickets first went on sale in early June, there was no mad rush to snatch up every seat, at any price.

n. [the act or an instance of snatching]

  ps. snatch也是舉重的一種名稱


Behdad Salimi 214kg Snatch World Record









n.告密者 [Whistle blower]

v.告密 [To snitch on a person means to tell someone in authority that the person has done something bad or wrong.]

  etymology: 1900–05;  perhaps variant of snatch


 film Snitch《限時翻供》2013













adj. [acting in a furtive or underhand way.]

  ps. sneak v. 鬼鬼祟祟做事 v.悄悄地走 v.打小報告

   ex. sneak a look at the Christmas presents










v. [smile with the upper lip curled, to show contempt (for sb/sth); laugh scornfully]

  ex. 'Hypocrite,' he sneered.

  ex. Oddly, intellectuals and academics across America sneered at Eisenhower(美國第34任總統) while he was president.













adj. [being critical in an indirect unpleasant way]

   ex. It was meant as snide remark rather than constructive criticism.

   ps. 你變胖了 ... direct criticism 

   c.f. 你讓體重計添加了不少負擔.... snide remark.











v. [to cut with a small, quick stroke, or a succession of such strokes, with scissors or the like.]

  ps "快刀"斬亂麻

  ex. He was accused of snipping the spines of babies after abortions. ( BBC May 13, 2013 -- Kermit Gosnell guilty of three murders in late-term abortions)



 Happy Tree Friends - Snip Snip Hooray! (Ep #32)

...有點血腥的小卡通, youtube 列為 V category...










n.勢利的人 [a person who strives to associate with those of higher social status and who behaves condescendingly to others]

  note: snob一般的特徵是依據社會地位來斷別一個人,而看不起社會地位低的族群。比方說爸爸只嫁女兒給有錢人的例子。

  ex. At first glance, he seems a tremendous egotist and snob.


n. [a person who believes himself or herself an expert or connoisseur in a given field and is condescending toward or disdainful of those who hold other opinions or have different tastes regarding this field]


   etymology: from wiki 出現於英國,最早1781年時,snob是當作製鞋匠,而後在Cambridge University,當時有"sine nobilitate (Latin without nobility,or s.nob)"的標注於學生考試名單上,比區分來自貴族的考生。而某些來自平民但富有的學生會有模仿貴族學生的行為,像是有女僕、駕車。同時他們也會看不起一樣來自平民的學生。










adj.  [of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a snob]








v.冷落, 怠慢 [treat (sb) coldly, rudely or with contempt, esp by paying no attention]

  ex. She snubbed them by not replying to their invitation.

  ex. He did things his way, on his schedule, speaking honestly during news conferences and snubbing the professional sports establishment. (Washington Post Apr 19, 2013 -- Allen Iverson, NBA icon, struggles with life after basketball)

  ps. 故意視而不見,來無理的對待別人。

  <> court v. 獻殷勤











n. [a mound or bank of snow driven together by the wind.]




  ex. The climbing balloon drifted silently over the countryside.

  ex. She and her husband drifted apart and, eventually, they divorced.

  ex. You've been drifting from job to job without any real commitment.

v.使吹積 [ to be piled into drifts by the wind ]

  ex. Some roads are closed owing to snow drifting. 



 Amazing Japanese Drift (JZX100 vs B324R vs AE86)  








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