n. [the eggs of a fish especially when still enclosed in the ovarian membrane]

  ex. salmon roe


roe n.魚卵

toe n.腳趾頭 (腳趾頭沾上魚卵了)


Salmon and Roe Sushi Bowl








v.[ to feel penitence, remorse, or regret for]

  ex. He's rueing the day he joined the Army



rue v.後悔

due (Her great rue due to marrying a wrong man.) (她因嫁錯了個人而後悔)









v. [If water roils, it is rough and disturbed.]

  ps. rile (前一頁)



roil v.徹底攪拌

boil v.(水等)沸騰 (攪拌會快點沸騰)








n. [Rookie is slang for someone who is new at something.]


Top 10 Plays of the Year: 2012 NBA Rookies 







n. [list of names showing duties to be performed and the times at which those named are to perform them]











n. [a platform for speakers in the Roman Forum decorated with the beaks of captured ships]

   ps. A rostrum is a raised platform on which someone stands when they are speaking to an audience, receiving a prize, or conducting an orchestra.


see p.288 p.364 for podium, lectern

etymology: 1542, from L. rostrum, name of the platform stand for public speakers in the Forum in ancient Rome. It was decorated with the beaks of ships taken in the first naval victory of the Roman republic, over Antium, in 338 B.C.E., and the word's older sense is "end of a ship's prow," lit. "beak, muzzle, snout,"




beaks of ships_232.JPG rostrum25.jpg









adj. [decayed; having gone bad]

  ex. rotten eggs



ps. rotten tomatoes (website)

Rotten Tomatoes is a website devoted to reviews, information, and news of films, widely known as a film review aggregator. Its name derives from the cliché of audiences throwing rotten tomatoes or vegetables at a poor stage performance. The company has been owned by Flixster, a Warner Bros. company, since May 2011.


 Best Of Rotten Tomatoes Show: The Best of Scary Movies

rotten tomatoes.jpg 









v. [to make or become rough]

 ps. roughly speaking....










n. [The members of royal families are sometimes referred to as royalty]

  ps. royal adj. of a king or queen

  ex. Princess Kate

n. [Royalties are payments made to authors and musicians when their work is sold or performed. They usually receive a fixed percentage of the profits from these sales or performances. ]

  ex. royalty-free music




What is Royalty Free Music and Where to Find it









adj. [inclined to a healthy reddish color]

  ex. rubicund face

  ps. ruby  紅寶石

  <> pale








n. A rudder is a moveable flat and wide piece of wood or metal used for steering or directing.

  ps. runner



Demonstratng the rudder and elevator controls









rud(rough)-i-ment-ary    ps. rude是一樣的來源

adj. [basic; fundamental; not elaborated or perfected]

  ex. Many people still live in rudimentary shacks with irregular or no water supplies.

  ps. erudite











n. [a tough, lawless person; roughneck; bully.]

   (Jan 23, 2013 news)22 killed as death sentences in Egypt soccer riot spark clashes



Ruffian (film)










v. [disturb the smoothness or evenness of sth]

  <> preen



etymology: c.1300, "to disturb the smoothness of," perhaps from O.N. hrufla "to scratch," or Low Ger. ruffelen "to wrinkle, curl," both of unknown origin. Meaning "disarrange" (hair or feathers) first recorded 1490; sense of "annoy, distract" is from 1658. The noun meaning "ornamental frill" is from 1707.


ruffle.jpgruffle chips.jpg


How-to Make A Stylish Ruffled Shirt








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