v. [to become destroyed or ruined : cease to exist ]
ex. an age of elegance that has forever perished.
ex. peril and perish
字源(看看就好)：from per- "through, completely, to destruction" + ire "to go"
adj. [causing destruction, ruin, extreme discomfort, or death]
ex.lost in the perishing cold.
adj. informal (of weather, etc) extremely cold
n.偽誓, 偽證 [the voluntary violation of an oath or vow either by swearing to what is untrue or by omission to do what has been promised under oath]
Perjury, also known as forswearing, lying under oath or lying on oath, is the willful act of swearing a false oath or affirmation to tell the truth, whether spoken or in writing, concerning matters material to a judicial proceeding. That is, the witness falsely promises to tell the truth about matters which affect the outcome of the case.
v. [to render (oneself) guilty of swearing falsely or of willfully making a false statement under oath or solemn affirmation]
ex. The witness perjured herself when she denied knowing the defendant.
ps. 關於jur = to swear，我們在p.106有整理
ex. conjure v.唸咒召喚(神靈、魔鬼等) v.祈求; 懇求
adj. [briskly self-assured]
from perk v.[ to thrust up the head, stretch out the neck, or carry the body in a bold or insolent manner]
per(thoroughly)-pet(seek, aim at)-u-al
adj. [continuing or enduring forever; everlasting.]
ex.the perpetual snow of the Arctic
v.使永存 [to make perpetual or cause to last indefinitely]
per-man( from manere "stay" )-ent
adj. [existing or intended to exist for an indefinite period]
ex. permanent magnet
per-man( from manere "stay" )-ence
n. [the condition or quality of being permanent; perpetual or continued existence.]
adj. [capable of being permeated]
v. [to spread or diffuse through]
ex. a room permeated with tobacco smoke
n. [authorization granted to do something; formal consent]
ex. You have my permission to leave.
adj.縱容的 [habitually or characteristically accepting or tolerant of something, as social behavior or linguistic usage, that others might disapprove or forbid.]
In sense of "tolerant, liberal" it is first recorded 1956; by 1966 it had definite overtones of sexual freedom.
Permissive Style of Parenting
per-nic( from nex; death )-ious
adj.有害的 [pernicious implies irreparable harm done through evil or insidious corrupting or undermining]
ex. the claim that pornography has a pernicious effect on society.
ps. nox(harm)-i-ous applies to what is both offensive and injurious to the health of a body or mind
ex.noxious chemical fumes.
adj. [vertical; straight up and down; upright.]