對於no.1 與 no.2,資料全都是要由你提出的,

問題像是:描述 a important decision, a good leader 等等

不少人都會有「我不知道該怎麼說」的問題,甚至是"害怕"

 

的確,

沒有人一開始就會朗朗上口、滔滔不絕的說,

要經過事前的練習,事後的檢討與修正的。

 

對於no.1 與 no.2 準備方法,很簡單,

首先,你得準備個database, 以作為說話的內容。

接著學習使用database.

 

 

如何準備database:

之前我有個考友,他十分厲害,不管題目是什麼,

都用McDonald來回答,我稱此為「McDonald speaking theorem」。

下面我們會看到一些以麥當勞來回答的例子。

不過當然,你可以用你熟習的例子來回答,

這邊也會提供我想到一些「關鍵字」,

你可以一邊看著關鍵字一邊造句,看完後你就會生出很多ideas,與database了。

 

 

如何使用database:

這技巧,這個三姑六婆們不自覺得就在使用了,

關鍵性的技巧就是:將話題引導進入你熟習的範圍,then 加以組合

而進階版的技巧是:無中生有

好比說,有一群人正在聊「家長是不是要管制兒童所看的電視節目」...

A:我聽隔壁的那戶說,他們都有管制耶

B:喔喔,我家也是,我老爸都跟我搶電視,

   老爸說學生要乖乖唸書,看什麼連續劇,

   結果自己還不是轉去看民視的娘家,

   我就用網路來看,

   結果我弟又來抱怨網路變慢了....

 

上面,就把人物:老爸、老弟,網路、等等的內容都給組合在一起了。

 

舉一個實際的考題:描述你想去旅行的地方

你可以將你準備的「travel」,「friend」、「food」的database結合起來,

ex. 我喜歡去台北旅行,那邊我可以shopping, 逛department stores,

我也可以拜訪我的朋友, John, 他是我的高中同學,

我們可以一起去吃Japanese food,在台北有間有名的日式料理店在xx百貨中,

我最喜歡那邊的toro sushi了

 

 

再舉一個考題:你最喜歡的書

可以將「book」、「friend」等的database結合起來,

ex. 我最喜歡的一本書,是M-W 字典,

那是我朋友,John 送我的,他是我高中同學,現在一位英文老師,

我們常在咖啡店裡閱讀,我問他有什麼好字典推薦,

他說了 M-W這一本,隔幾天後就送我了,

M-W 是很好的字典,我喜歡的原因之一,是因為他有附software program,

可以在computer上使用,

因為我常在電腦上閱讀,所以可以在電腦上使用真的很方便,

同時也可以知道etymology, word history,

這也大大幫助了英文的學習。

 

 


現在我們來看,以麥當勞回答的例子

 

 

題目:
Describe a book that you believe is the most useful to you. Please explain
the reason and include specific examples and details in your explanation.

 

他會怎麼說呢:(以下是我亂掰的)

I think the most useful book to me is a book titled "How McDonald Succeed"
我覺得最有用的書,是一本叫做「麥當勞如何成功」的書。

The book gives a whole perspective about how a company become globalized.
這本書提供了整體的觀點,來討論一個公司如何全球化的。

 

The book gives an example about  handling the cultural difference.
比方說,書中談論了一個關於處理文化差異的例子。

McDonald uses different ingredients in different countries.
麥當勞在不同的國家使用不同的食材。

And they do serious taste test, considering the most proper taste
同時,他們作很詳細的口味測試,來思考最適合的味道。

for fitting the different countries.

Such as Japanese, they don't like to eat too much oily, so the fried oil must..
諸如日本人,他們不喜歡太油膩的,所以炸的油必須...

 

 

 


 

再來看一題:
Usually, novels, magazines and poetry are considered the three major forms
of literature. Which one do you prefer and explain why you prefer this
literature form. Please include specific examples and details in your
explanation.

他會怎麼說呢:(以下是我亂掰的)

I prefer magazines. Magazines can offer the latest news and deep analysis.
我偏好雜誌。 雜誌可以提供最新的消息,深入的分析。

And I think speed and conciseness are the two important factors why I prefer magazines.
同時,速度與簡潔也是兩個重要的因素。

 

For example, When I go to a McDonald, order some food, and sit on a chair there.
當我去麥當勞時,點了餐,坐在那邊。

I don't expect to spend much time sitting there and eating my food, but I want to read something.
我並不想花太多時間在那,但我想讀一些東西。

So the magazines is the best choice for me.
因此雜誌是我最好的選擇了。

I can read some short reports while I am eating.
當我在吃的時候,我同時可以讀一些短的報導。

And the content of the magazines is often not too hard, not like novels which you have to  pay much effort on it.
而且這些雜誌的內容並不會太難,不像小說,你得花上很多精力去讀。

 

And other reason is that a magazine is cheaper comparing to a 500 pages novel.
另外個原因是,雜誌比較便宜。

....

 

 

 


 

再來看一題:
Would you like to take a long vacation or several short vacations in a year?
Explain why.

 

他會怎麼說呢:(以下是我亂掰的)

I prefer to take a long vacation, so that I can have enough time to visit McDonald stores at different places as many as possible.
我偏好長假,因此我可以儘量的去參觀麥當勞。

 

This idea sounds crazy for anyone who hears that at the first time.
這個念頭,對一次聽到的人來說,會覺得很瘋狂。

But actually I do fall in love in going to different McDonald stores at different countries.
但我確實愛上了去不同國家的麥當勞。

 

Last summer of 2008, I went to UK. The McDonald stores there are totally different from the ones in Taiwan, or in Japan.
去年的夏天,我去了英國。 那裡的麥當勞有者與台灣、日本不同的風格。

They're old castle style, with a beautiful fountain in the center.
他們是種古城堡的風格,在中間還有漂亮的噴泉。

The price of food provided by McDonald is quite low comparing other available food there.
麥當勞食物的價格也相對較其他的食物低。

At any convenience store, one may spend 2.5 pound for a sandwich. But at McDonald, it's never over 2 pound.
在超商,一個三明治要2.5英鎊,但在麥當勞很少超過2英鎊的。

 

 

 


 

再來看一題:
What kind of job would you like to choose? What's your reason for choosing
this job? Please include specific examples and details in your explanation.

 

他會怎麼說呢:(以下是我亂掰的)

I would like to be a businessman.
我想要成為一個商人。

5 years ago, I had a part-time job at McDonald.
我在年前曾再麥當勞打工過。

There, I find I like to involve in a team work, talk to customers, and neogotiate with the manager.
在那邊,我發現我喜歡團隊工作,與客戶溝通,甚至與管理員談論。

....

 

 


 

xination 提供的關鍵字,

提供idea來組成你的database.

同時你可以一邊看一邊造句,剛好作練習

 

(1) people 

sub-category:

friend

leader, teacher, parent

hero

 

friend:

John,<--人物類的萬用名字

high school classmate,

like basketball, NBA

can't swim

be good at English, want to be a English teacher,

live near me,

 

 

leader, teacher, parent :

John,<--人物類的萬用名字

honesty, responsibility, kindness, politeness, courage

control his temper well, patient,

be willing to challenge new things,

be able to figure out a plan for the future,

no throw the responsibility to the followers,

treat each one equally, having no discrimination,

help people find their potential, 你可以講幫助你度過了什麼難關

 

 

hero:

John Stockton, a NBA player,...(不然你也可以講 Michael Jordan)

is the leader of assistance,

stay in one team, Utah Jazz, for 17 years

Karl Malone, his partner; they are legendary players in NBA history.

enjoys the teamwork, and no selfish,

doesn't have a champion ring,

the video on youtube about John Stockton,

 

 


 

(2) place

sub-category

country, city,

restaurant

home, room

 

 

Country, city:

Taiwan, Taipei, Kaohsiung, Tokyo,... any big city

department store, shopping, ex. Taipei 101,

People come from diverse countries,

good restaurant, traditional market,

sushi, ra-man, Italian food, spaghetti,

convenient transportation, MRT, (JR rail road)

museum, ex. National palace museum,

festival, Movie festival, Digital art festival

 

restaurant:

Japanese restaurant, sushi boat style restaurant (迴旋壽司店)

toro sushi, oolong tea, ra-men,

enjoy the atmosphere of Japan,

the clerk is kind, polite, though the price is high,

talk or chat with friends,

 

 

home, room:

room:

a large bookshelf for my books,

making the home to be a library,

a blue-color bed, white-painted wall,

having internet access, it is better to have wireless internet access,

some pot flowers on my desk,

 

home:

a big living room, with a large LCD TV,

family watches news together,

a study room, having many books,

having a yard, with trees, flowers, and dogs.

 

 


 

(3) event

sub-category

impressing event

popular sport

festival

 

impressing event:

big exam, entrance exam, TOEFL, GRE,

a completion, swimming completion, running completion, ...,

presentation in front of my classmates,

to court the girl you like,

spend much time for studying, stay late for studying

nervous, fearful, stressful, negative emotion,

sacrifice the chance of playing, endure the pain, face the difficulty,

can't sleep well, insomnia,

get the good result in the end, get the first prize, high score,

pass the examination, win the game,

failure but grow up, learn how to do it well next time.

 

 

 

popular sport:

baseball, basketball, riding bicycle,

 

baseball:

profession baseball team, and have run for 20 years,

university students plays baseball, or softball,

in the field of the park, people play baseball,

throw the ball and catch the ball,

TV Channels, like Vigor, ESPN, FTV, have constant baseball programs,

 

basketball:

In Taiwan, most PE classes are basketball classes,

students start to play or learn basketball form junior high school,

There are many sport shops, selling  Nike shoes, Adidas shoes, and so on,

on the weekend, many people play basketball in park,

 

festival:

mid-autumn festival,

lunar calendar, 15th day of the eighth month,

moon cake, barbecue, pomelo(柚子), fireworks

family gathering,

 

 

 


(4) Art

sub-category

music

book

 

 

music:

classical music, Bach, from radio,

having a peaceful mind, ability to think abstract things,

 

Japanese pop music, such as X Japan, romantic rock style,

famous in 1980s~1990s, not only in Japan but all over the world, included Taiwan,

a revolution and a legend in Japan pop music history,

visual super star,

 

book:

English dictionary, Collins dictionary, Merriam-Webster dictionary, Cambridge dictionary,

etymology, word history,

Latin, Greek,

learn how to use the word,

word cards,

 

 

Murakami Haruki's(村上 春樹)  novel,

Hard-Boiled Wonderland and the End of the World(世界末日與冷酷異境),

dance dance dance(舞舞舞),

abstract language, harmony and disharmony, sexual desire,

having no name for the main character,

self-talking style writing,

 

 


(5) about yourself

sub-category

how to use free time

important decision

 

 

how to use free time:

go to watch a movie,

listen to music, go to a concert,

drink coffee, go shopping,

read a novel, Japanese history, philosophy, or comic books,

riding a bicycle around a park,

play basketball, or baseball with friends,

clean up the room,

watch tv, ex. NBA, baseball game,

play video game, online game, facebook

 

 

important decision:

decide to break up the relationship,

admit the failure, and take the responsibility,

try to do something you never experienced before,

ex. learn swimming, dismantle your computer,

ex. decide to reinstall your operating system after finding your computer have been infected  by a virus, or malicious program,

and you are at the risk of losing all of your important data.

 

 


(5) Job

sub-category

money

the job you like

teamwork, individual

 

money:

enable people to do what they want, but there are something money can't buy.

health, love, family, happiness, do not only depend on money,

Making money isn't  the only reason for working,

fulfill the dream,

Don't just follow the mainstream blindly, losing yourself.

arrange time well, not be a workaholic,

proper rest invigorates the body and mind,

 

the job you like:

a professor, an engineer, a scientist,

a teacher, a businessman,

a manager, a reporter, a programmer,...

satisfaction, accomplishment, beneficial to the public,

having a long interest in it,

 

 

by teamwork, or by individual:

depend on situation, case,

efficiency, the least money, time, effort to compete the task,

study group, discussion,

a report done by a team,

 

 


(6) education

sub-category

the location of school

the size of class

PE class, music class,

online course,

 

the location(size) of school:

in the countryside (small college, classroom) ,

nice environment, cheap house rent,

professor potentially are more involved in students,

there is large space for people,

having more access to do exercise, running, jogging, swimming,

no much temptation, easily focusing on studying,

 

in the city (big college, classroom),

more resources, ex large libraries, modern facilities, computers

diverse people, exchange opinions,

recreation, mass entertainment,

more activities, exhibitions

 

 

PE class, musics class:

give students whole aspects of life,

keep healthful in body and in mind,

release the stress,

have opportunity to develop the friendship with other person,

 

 

online course:

online courses are convenient, low cost,

learn anytime, anywhere,

quickly and widely spread knowledge,

lacking interaction with teachers, and classmates,

hard to take care students with special need,

hard for teacher to grade students,

 

 

 


(7) technology

TV program,

internet, email, google reader, news,

cell phone, smart phone, iphone,

 

 

 


 

questions for practice, please see here.

在練習的時候要錄音唷~

檢驗自己對於speed, volume, intonation的控制力,

有些地方可以慢慢講,有些地方可以放大聲,有些地方可以加重音調,

這些會讓你的presentation更加 attractive.

 

在寫下的關鍵字的同時,就可以模擬情境了,也就是讓自己的腦袋有個畫面存在,

掌握住 人、事、時、地、物 ...

or who, what, when, where, how

比方說,當問到最喜歡的書的時候,腦袋就出現書的圖像,

然後照之前講過的方法 --概念生出概念,

然後你在speaking的時候只是描述你腦袋中的畫面而已,

如此以來你會發現並不難講。

而在speaking前先深呼吸,不要太過緊張。

 

 

在no.1 與 no.2 中,題目都會要求你說一些「specific example」、「specific detail」

這是關鍵,

在OG 的speaking 範例中,可以看得出來rater很強調這點唷。

就像是範例中所寫的: I like go shopping, because shopping can relax me.

這樣還不夠detail, 還不夠specific

你可以改說,

I like go shopping.

On weekend, I often go to city center, to visit some department stores, like SOGO, or some bookstores.

Shopping can relax me.

While walking around, watching the people along the street, or finding a good restaurant, I release the stress from my work.

 

其實,這不會很難做到,

having a picture in your mind,

just tell what you see.

一切搞定~

 

 

 

ps.

這裡有很好的介紹台灣的影片,也許對你的speaking的靈感會有幫助:

 

 

 


 

 

10 things Taiwan does better than anywhere else, from CNN

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