meager

adj.不足的;貧乏的 [Deficient in quantity, fullness, or extent; scanty.]

  ex. meager cultural resources
  貧乏的文化資源

 

聯想:min + eager(熱切的)

Mark is eager for improving his meager income.

 

 

 

 

 

mean

n. 方法、手段(通常用means)

n.中間, 平均 [ a quantity having a value intermediate between the values of other quantities]

adj.中間的 [ occupying a middle position or an intermediate place, as in kind, quality, degree, or time]

  ex. a mean speed; a mean course; the mean annual rainfall.

 

adj.吝嗇的 [selfish, small-minded, stingy, or miserly] /*這兩組 from G. common*/

  ex. Her husband is very mean about money.

adj.卑鄙的, 低下的 [inferior in grade, quality, or character]

 

v.意謂 [to intend to express or indicate]

  ex. what do you mean by "over" ?

  ex. The word "freedom" means many things to many people.

 

mean <> lavish

 

 

 

 

 

 

measly

measles-y

adj.患痲疹的 [ infected with measles]

adj.(informal)無價值的、可憐兮兮地少的 [contemptibly small, meager, or slight]

  ex. They paid me a measly fifteen dollars for a day's work.

  ps. 如果一個小孩患了痲疹,感覺的可憐兮兮的,所用也用這個概念來形容某些小東西實在太小了,可憐兮兮的。

 

ps.

measles 痲疹 症狀是 發高燒 與 長出紅斑

 

 

 

 

 

meander

v.蜿蜒 [to proceed by or take a winding or indirect course]

  ex. The stream meandered through the valley.

 

字源:他來自一個河流的名字--Meander River,在希臘的時代是拼成 Gk maíandros,其河流以蜿蜒為有名,他是土耳其西南方一條河流


檢視較大的地圖

 

 

 

 

 

 

measured

measure-ed

adj.精確的 [deliberate and restrained; careful; carefully weighed or considered]

  ex. measured language; measured terms.

adj.基於標準的 [ regular or uniform, as in movement]

  ex. to walk with measured strides.

 

 

 

 

 

review
----------------------------------------

字根 machin

machine              n.機器

machine-ery        n.一組機器 [an assemblage of machines ]

machine-ation      n.陰謀

 

字根 mechan = machin

mechan-ic            n.修理工,技工

mechan-ics          n.力學

mechan-ism          n.機制

mechan-ical         a.機器的 [Of or relating to machines]

----------------------------------------

 

 

 

mechanical

mechan(=machine)-ical

adj.機器的 [relating to machines and engines ]

  ex. Most mechanical devices require oil as a lubricant.

  ex. the train had stopped due to a mechanical problem.

  ex. Many teachers have a kind of mechanical attitude towards bad children.

 

mechanical <> emotional

 

 

 

 

 

mechanic

mechan(=machine)-ic

n.修理工,技工 [a person who repairs and maintains machinery, motors, etc.: an automobile mechanic.]

 

 

 

mechanics

mechan(=machine)-ics

n.力學 [the branch of physics that deals with the action of forces on bodies and with motion, comprised of kinetics, statics, and kinematics.]

 

 

 

mechanism

mechan(=machine)-ism

n.機制 [A system of parts that operate or interact like those of a machine]

  ps. 就是指一個系統(不一定要機器)運作起來,或是彼此的交互作用像個機器。

  ex. the mechanism of the solar system

  ex. defense mechanism (心理學)防禦機制

n.機器 [A machine or mechanical appliance.]

  ps. 除了指"機制"外,也可以指機器

 

 

 

 

 

 

medal

n.獎牌, 勛章 [A flat piece of metal stamped with a design or an inscription commemorating an event or a person, often given as an award.]

  ex. a gold medal for the best swimmer.

 

字源:L. metallea (moneta) "metal (coin)" 原指是一種金屬硬幣,後來形成「獎牌, 勛章」的字意了。

medal:honor
獎章用來獎勵

 

ps.1

mettle

n.勇氣、鬥志 [courage and fortitude]

  ex. troops who showed their mettle in combat.

字源:mettle是「metal」的變體,是後來人為了文學上的用法改寫的,mettle採取了金屬在於形象上的用法,ex.鋼鐵搬的意志,常被解釋作為勇氣、鬥志

 

 

ps.2

nettle

n.咬人貓(蕁麻;一種植物)

v.使苦惱 [to irritate, annoy, or provoke.]

  ex. I was rather nettled by his rude questions.

----------------------------------------

metal   n.金屬     mettle  n.勇氣、鬥志
medal   n.獎牌     nettle  n.咬人貓  v.使苦惱

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

meddle

v.擅自干涉 [to involve oneself in a matter without right or invitation; interfere officiously and unwantedly]

  ex. You'd better not meddle with married women,it always leads to troubles.

 

聯想:med(中間) + dle

字源: L. miscere "to mix"

ps. 英國有個團體叫"Pink Floyd"...很舊了,但滿有名的,1973時他們發了一張《meddle》的專輯。

 

 

 

 

mediate

medi(middle;中間)-ate

v.調停解決 [To resolve or settle (differences) by working with all the conflicting parties]

  ex.mediate a labor-management dispute.

 

字源:Late Latin mediāre "to be in the middle", from L. medius "middle"

arbitrator:mediate
仲裁者調停

 

ps.

intermediate  [inter-medi(middle)-ate]  adj.中間的

mediterranean [medi(middle)-terran-ean] n/adj.地中海

 

 

近型字

meddle     v.干涉        [from mix]

middle      a.中間的

muddle     n.混亂狀態   [from mud n.泥漿 ]
              v.使渾濁

 

 

 

 

 

medieval

medium aevum  ←原本是這樣拼的

adj.中世紀的 [476~1453]

 

字源:L. aevum "age, time"

 

 

 

 

 

mediocre

medi(middle)-ocre(mountain)

adj.中等的, 平凡的, 不好不壞的 [ of only ordinary or moderate quality; neither good nor bad]

  ex. His school record was mediocre.

 

字源:from L. mediocris "of middling height or state",= medius (middle) + ocris (jagged mountain), 原本的意思是指不高也不矮的山。

 

 

 

 

mediocrity

medi(middle)-ocre-ity

n.中等, 平凡, 不好不壞 [the state or quality of being mediocre.]

  ex. The transformation of mediocrity into genius through transmutation(變質).

 

mediocrity <> virtuosity n.大師級的藝術

 

 

 

 

 

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