maternal

mater(mother)-n-al

adj.母親的 [of, pertaining to, having the qualities of, or befitting a mother]

ex. maternal grandparents
外祖父母

ex. maternal instincts.
母性

 

字源: L. mātern(us) ( māter mother + -nus adj. suffix) + -ālis -al

ps.

pater = father

mater = mother

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

matrix

mater(mother)-ix

n.母體 [the environment or context in which something such as a society develops and grows. ]

ex. The Greco-Roman world was the matrix for Western civilization.

ps. 也可以當作子宮唷 = womb

n.矩陣

ps. 我想是因為透過matrix就可以做出很多transformation,所以才有mother的概念吧~

 

字源: L. mātrix female animal kept for breeding

matrix在拉丁文的意思是指「繁殖用的雌性動物」

matrix:number=crystal:atoms
數字有規則排列組成矩陣=原子有規則排列組成晶體

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mattress

n. [ a large pad(墊) for supporting the reclining body , used as or on a bed, consisting of a quilted or similarly fastened case, usually of heavy cloth, that contains hair, straw, cotton, foam rubber, etc., or a framework of metal springs.]

 

小故事:

在中世紀的初期,阿拉伯文化是比歐洲文化先進的。在那時候的阿拉伯文化中,他們會睡在被丟在地面cushions上,阿拉伯字"maṭraḥ"指的是「place where something is thrown」是從mat「cushion」+ ṭaraḥa「to throw」而衍生過來的。在十字軍東征的時候,歐洲社會將這種先進、舒適的睡法帶回來。首先出現在義大利文中" materasso ",然後在跑去法國, OF. materas ,到英國已經是1300年的事情了。

ps.

sheet 床單

mattress 床墊

tablecloth:table=sheet:mattress
桌布用來鋪桌子=床單用來鋪床

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mature

adj.成熟的 [Having reached full natural growth or development;ripe]

ex. a mature cell.

ex. a mature cherry.

v.變成熟;長成 [To bring to full development; ripen.]

ex. Wine and judgement mature with age.
酒陳味香,人老識深。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

maturity

matur e -ity

n.成熟 [the state of being mature; ripeness]

ex. The fruit will reach maturity in a few days.

ex. This job calls for a man with a great deal of maturity.
這個工作需由老練持重的人去做。

 

callow:maturity
無經驗的人沒有成熟

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

maudlin

adj.好哭的 [ tearfully or weakly emotional; foolishly sentimental ; mawkish ]

ex. Jimmy turned maudlin after three drinks.

Magdalene

字源:原本是個女人的名字, Mary Magdalene ,在聖經中她是一位耶穌的追隨者,在中世紀的繪畫中,她常常以流淚來表現她對罪的後悔(她流的淚都可以幫耶穌洗腳了),因此她的名字就就變成「tearful sentimentality」的同義詞了。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

maul

n.大鎚 [a heavy hammer, as for driving stakes(樁).]

v.粗魯對待 [to handle or use roughly]

ex. The book was badly mauled by its borrowers.

v. 打傷(通常是嚴重的) [ to injure by a rough beating, shoving(推), or the like; being violently attacked by it and badly injured.]

ex. He had been mauled by a tiger.

 

字源: L. malleus hammer

聯想:哞一聲就被老虎打傷(maul)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mauve /mov/

n. 淡紫色 [a pale bluish purple.]

ps.就像薰衣草的顏色

adj.淡紫色

 

聯想: mauve grove 淡紫色的小樹林 (有押韻呢)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

maven

n.專家 [an expert or connoisseur.]

 

字源:來自於德國的猶太語 maven

 

ps. Max Maven 他是一位讀心術專家,魔術師,也會講流利的日文。

maven:experience
專家有經驗

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

maverick /ˋmævrɪk/

n.不服從的人;持不同意見的人 [One that refuses to abide by the dictates of or resists adherence to a group; a dissenter.]

ex. Her independence and maverick(adj.) behaviour precluded any chance of promotion.

n.未烙印的小牛 [ Southwestern U.S. an unbranded calf(小牛), cow, esp. an unbranded calf that is separated from its mother.]

 

字源:來自於人名 Samuel Augustus Maverick (1803-70),他是一位德州(Texas)的律師、政治家,也是一位大地主。因為他不想他所屬的農場的牲畜被打烙記,因此他的名字就成了「未烙印的小牛」的同義詞。

 

ps. NBA的 Dallas Maverick 達拉斯小牛隊

maverick:conformity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mawkish /ˋmɔkɪʃ/

adj.好哭的, 感傷的 [characterized by sickly sentimentality ; maudlin .]

ps.這個字是指不好的sentimentality,比方說電影的結局非常嬌柔做作,男女主角哭在一起,但又沒什麼悲傷的事情,只是分隔兩地就要十八相送。你就可以說: a mawkish ending,同樣的a mawkish love story也是指這類型。

ps. mawkish 與 maudlin是同義詞。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

maximize

maxim um -ize

v.最大化 [to increase to the greatest possible amount or degree]

ex. to look for ways of maximizing profit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

maze

n.迷宮 [a confusing network of intercommunicating paths or passages]

ex. a maze of narrow roads

 

字源:maze是從 amazed的概念來的,因為令人amazed的東西,時常是需要費很多功夫才能完成的,所以你也可以看到maze也是需要花很多時間才能走出來的。

 


 

 

 

 

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