malfeasance

mal(bad)-feas(do)-ance

n.瀆職 [the performance by a public official of an act that is legally unjustified, harmful, or contrary to law; wrongdoing]

ps. malfeasance 指的是像市長、總統之類的public official作瀆職、違法的事情。

ex. The mayor was condemned for the monstrous malfeasance.

 

review p.199

feasible

feas(do, make)-ible

adj.可行的;可實行的

 

 

 

 

 

 

malpractice

mal(bad)-practice

n.醫生誤診 [Mistakes or negligent conduct by a professional person , especially a physician , that results in damage to others, such as misdiagnosis of a serious illness.]

ps.1 malpractice常用在「醫生誤診」,但也可以指律師、會計師失職等專業人士的失職。

ps.2 (maybe 波波)

ps.

practitioner n.醫生、律師之類專業人士的開業者

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

malfunction

mal(bad)-function

n.發生故障;機能失常[failure to function properly]

ps.可指的範圍較廣泛;機器,人體器官都可以

ex. the malfunction of a rocket.

v.故障 [ to fail to function properly.]

ex. The radiation can damage microprocessors and computer memories, causing them to malfunction.

 

 

閒聊: wardrobe malfunction 衣櫥故障了!

[a euphemistic term for an embarrassing display of a body part when clothing droops, falls]

 

 

c.f

dysfunction

dys(difficult,ill,bad)-function

n. 機能障礙 [ especially of a bodily system or social group;]

ps.專用於「人」方面,比方說:身體器官、社會關係、人際關係有了什麼障礙

ex. severe emotional dysfunction

ex. sexual dysfunction
性功能障礙

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

malice

mal(bad)-ice (noun suffix from French)

n.惡意 [desire to inflict injury, harm, or suffering on another, either because of a hostile impulse or out of deep-seated meanness]

ex. "Please don't bear me malice because I can't accede to your wish," said he, with a melancholy smile.
「請不要恨我不能滿足你的願望」,他露出惆悵的微笑。

bear me malice/ bear malice to me 對我生恨

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

malicious

mal(bad)-ice-ous

adj.惡意的 [ full of, characterized by, or showing malice; malevolent]

ex. malicious software
惡意軟體 (see wiki )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

malign

mal- ben ign

v.誹謗 [to speak harmful untruths about; speak evil of; slander; defame]

ex. to malign an honorable man.

adj.惡意的 [having or showing an evil disposition; malevolent; malicious.]

ex. She gave him a malign look.

ex.a malign tumor 惡性腫瘤

 

ps.

mal-ign  adj.惡意的 v.誹謗

ben-ign  adj.仁慈的 [showing or expressive of gentleness or kindness]

 

brief review and 有加一些補充

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**說壞話 ex.亂說別人沒有忠誠or是漢奸之類的

to attack the good name or reputation with false and malicious statements

asperse v.誹謗; 灑聖水   有 spread unfavorable charges的意味
calumniate v.誹謗   口語上的誹謗
defame v.誹謗   用 misrepresentation的方式
libel v.誹謗   用文字 圖畫
malign v.誹謗   強調惡意"malicious intent"
slander v.誹謗   口語上的誹謗 ...from scandal n.醜聞
traduce v.誹謗   還有 humiliation的意味
vilify v.誹謗   to deliberate,vicious defamation

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malinger

ma l -linger

v.裝病以逃避工作、職責 [to pretend illness, esp. in order to shirk one's duty, avoid work, etc.]

ex. She was told by her doctor that she was malingering.
她被她的醫生說,她正在裝病。

 

聯想:mal(bad) + linger(逗留, 徘徊)  不當的逗留來逃避工作

字源:malinger的 linger是古法文的 heingre 而來的,它的意思是sickly。所以在早期有當surfer,也有當 pretend to be ill.

 

 

 

 

malleable

malle(=mallet;hammer)-able

adj.有延展性的 [Capable of being shaped or formed, as by hammering or pressure]

ex. a malleable metal.

ex. the young are more malleable than the old.

 

字源: L malleābilis ,= malle(āre) to hammer (deriv. of L malleus hammer ) + -ābilis -able

 

review

gavel    n.小木槌(法官、拍賣用的)  [gave給,l ( 在空中畫出的曲線 )]

gravel   n.砂礫

 

 

 

 

 

mammal

mamma(mama)-al

n. 哺乳動物

ex. The whale is the largest mammal in all creation.
鯨是全世界最大的哺乳動物。

 

字源:在拉丁文中 mamma 指的是breast乳房,哺乳類的動物會吃奶...

 

 

 

 

 

 

mammoth

n.長毛象(也稱 猛獁象 ) [ any large, elephantlike mammal of the extinct genus Mammuthus, from the Pleistocene Epoch, having hairy skin and ridged molar teeth.]

adj.巨大的

 

字源:從俄文來的, mam m ot ,原來用來指在西伯利亞找到的動物遺骸。

 

 

 

brief review
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mend v.修正

 

amend           v.修正

amendment    n.修正案   // revision


emend  v.校正

commend   v.稱讚

recommend   v.推薦

 

c.f

字根 mand  == 命令 order

mandatory  a.命令的、強制的

command   v.命令

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mandate

mand(command)-ate

n.命令 [An authoritative command or instruction.]

ex. The government gives the police a mandate to reduce crime.
政府命令警方進一步打擊犯罪活動.

ps. mandate of heaven 天命

 

 

 

mandatory

mand-atory

adj.命令的; 強制的(義務的) [authoritatively ordered; obligatory; compulsory ]

ex. It is mandatory that all students take two years of math.
每個學生要接受兩年的數學課,這是強制的。

ex. It's mandatory to pay taxes.
繳稅是義務性的

 

 

 

 

mangle

v.嚴重損傷 [to injure severely, disfigure, or mutilate by cutting, slashing, or crushing]

ex. He was badly mangled in an automobile accident.
他在一次車禍中被壓得血肉模糊。

ex. The coat sleeve was mangled in the gears of the machine.

ps. 還有「 軋布機 」的意思唷...看看就好了

 

音: mangle -- 面勾到了...血肉模糊

字源:mangle 的字義,在很早的時候跟"engine of war"有關

 

 

c.f

mingle v.使混合  [from mix]

 

 

 

 

 

 

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