magnate

magn(great)-ate

n.巨頭,大王;要人 [ A powerful or influential person, especially in business or industry .]

ex. a railroad magnate

ex. John Davison Rockefeller was an oil magnate.
洛克菲勒 是石油大王。

 

聯想: magnet 磁鐵 magn ate 大王

ps. magnet n.磁鐵 [from Gk. Mágnēs ]

 

 

 

 

 

 

magnify

magn(great)-ify

v.放大 [To make greater in size; enlarge.]

ps. 也可以指用放大鏡放大

ex. This lens can magnify 20 times.

v.誇大 [To cause to appear greater or seem more important than is in fact the case; exaggerate]

ex. Don't magnify your success.
別誇大你的成功。

 

 

 

 

 

 

magnificent

magn-ify-cent

adj.壯麗的,宏偉的 [Splendid in appearance; grand]

ps.指外表的壯麗

ex. That is magnificent St. Peter's Basilica .
那就是宏偉的聖彼得大教堂

adj.高貴的,高尚的 [Grand or noble in thought or deed]

ex. His magnificent ideas had a great influence on me.

 

 

 

 

 

 

magnitude

magn-itude

n.巨大,廣大 [Greatness in size or extent]

ex. The magnitude of the flood was impossible to comprehend.

ex. we were shocked by the magnitude of the crisis.

n.星球的光亮度

 

 

 

 

 

magpie

n. 喜鵲

n.饒舌的人 [A person who chatters.]

 

音:magpie ~ make a pie

A magpie repeatedly says "make a pie,  make a pie"

 

字源:magpie 的mag是人名Margaret(瑪格利特)的nickname,在早期的時候,這個名字常指閒話連篇的女生。 而pie在早期本來就有「喜鵲」的意思了。

 

 

 

 

 

maintenance

main( hand )-ten( hold )-ance

n.維持 [ The act of maintaining or the state of being maintained.]

n. [Means of support or livelihood]

ex. to earn money for the maintenance of her family

 

ps.

maintain

main( hand )-tain( hold )

v.維持 [To keep up or carry on; continue]

ex. to maintain good relations.

v. [To provide for; support]

ex.to maintain a family.

 

c.f.

maintain v.維持 v.提供  
 

ex. to maintain good relations.
ex. to
maintain a family.

 
retain v.保持 v.記住 [ to keep in mind] re是again的意思
 

ex. He retains a deep respect for the professor
ex. She retains a clear memory of her school days

 
sustain v.支持 sus=sub做上解
  ex.  A faith sustained him.  

 


brief review
----------------------------------------

字根

ten  -->tin   tain  == hold

*tent     tinu

 

tenable      adj.可維持的  [able to hold]

tenure   n.佔有期、任期

----------------------------------------

 

 

 

 

 

maize

n. 玉米 [ chiefly in British and technical usage]

ps. maize主要使用在英國,與技術上的用語,一般我們說「corn」就可以了

 

音:妹子 .. 妹子在種maize

字源:從西班牙文的 maiz 來的

長常識 -- 玉米原產於中美洲,是印地安人培育的主要糧食作物,16世紀時傳入中國,目前是全世界總產量最高的糧食作物。

 

 

 

 

 

majestic

majest(major)-ic

adj.宏偉的; 崇高的 [Having or showing lofty dignity or nobility; grand]

ex. He looks majestic in uniform.

 

字源: majes- large

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

maladroit

mal(bad)-adroit(skilled)

adj.笨拙的 [lacking in adroitness; unskillful; awkward; inept]

ex. His handling of the negotiations was maladroit.
他的談判技巧十分拙劣.

 

字首mal- 是「bad」、「ill」的意思,(mal與 bad的發音還滿類似的)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

malaise

mal(bad)-aise(=ease)

n.不舒服、倦怠感 [a condition of general bodily weakness or discomfort, often marking the onset of a disease.]

ps. malaise常指的是快要生病前的那種不舒服,比方說要感冒前,都會有身體疲倦的情形,那就是malaise。

 

n. [A general sense of depression or unease]

ps. 更可以廣泛的指"不舒服"

ex. Stock prices have fallen considerably during the current economic malaise.
股票價格因為當前的經濟蕭條已大幅度下跌。

 

音:沒累死 ---- 即使沒累死,也會不舒服(malaise)

ps.1

ease

n.舒適, 自在 [ The condition of being comfortable or relieved; freedom from pain, worry, or agitation]

v.使舒適 [To free from pain, worry, or agitation]

 

ps.2

disease

dis-ease

n.疾病

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

malapropism

mal(bad)-apropism

n.文字誤用 [an act or habit of misusing words ridiculously, esp. by the confusion of words that are similar in sound.]

ps. 尤指誤用發音相似而意義不同的詞語,這個在日文中非常常見唷,比方說かえる可以指「青蛙」,也可以當「回來」的動詞辭書型。

ex. phiscal year    (fiscal)

ex. What a terrible cat's after me !" (catastrophe)

 

字源:Mrs. Malaprop, 一個喜劇中的角色,她常常搞錯字,18世紀Richard Brinsley Sheridan 的喜劇作品, The Rivals .

 

malapropism:verbal=gaffe:social
詞語誤用是言辭錯誤=社交失禮是社交錯誤

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

malcontent

mal(bad)-content(滿足的)

adj.不滿的 [not satisfied or content with currently prevailing conditions or circumstances.]

n.不滿現狀的人 [a malcontent person, esp. one who is chronically discontented or dissatisfied.]

ex. The reform shows the anger of malcontent to the current government.

 

review

content n.內容 | content a/n/v.滿足(的)
content-ion n.爭論、論點、主張 | content-ed a.滿足的
content-ious a.好爭論的 | content-ment n.滿足
(tent做stretch解)   | (tent 做hold解)  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

malevolent

male(mal;bad)-vol(will)-ent

adj.有惡意的 [Having or exhibiting ill will; wishing harm to others]

ex. Her stare was malevolent.
她凝視的目光含有惡意。

 

 

 

 

 

    全站熱搜

    xination 發表在 痞客邦 留言(3) 人氣()