lumen

n.光通量單位 [ Optics . the unit of luminous flux]

 

 

 

luminary

n.發光的星體 [a celestial body, as the sun or moon.]

ps. 只要是能發光的物體都可以較作luminary

n.才智出眾的人 [a person who has attained eminence in his or her field or is an inspiration to others]

 

 

ps.

illuminate

in-lumin(light)-ate

v.照亮 [ to supply or brighten with light; light up.]

v.闡明 [ To make understandable; clarify]

ex. even wrong guesses illuminate the problem.

 

 

 

 

lump

n. [a piece or mass of solid matter without regular shape or of no particular shape]

ex. a lump of coal.

ps. 還可以當方糖,lump of sugar, 就是泡咖啡用小方糖。

n.隆起,腫塊 [ a protuberance or swelling]

ex. a lump in her right breast

n.整個 [A collection or totality; an aggregate.]

ps. lump sum一次付款額

ex. A pension is often commutable into a lump sum.
養老金常可改為一次性總付款

v.把...弄成一團 [To put together in a single group without discrimination.]

 

 

 

 

 

lunar

luna(moon)-ar

adj.月的 [ of or pertaining to the moon]

ex. the lunar orbit.

ex. lunar calendar

 

ps. 1 Luna 月亮女神

ps.2. Luna  Sea ...超強的主唱:河村隆一 《 I For You 》...( 歌詞 )

 

 

 

lunatic

luna(moon)-tic

n.瘋子 [an insane person; a person whose actions and manner are marked by extreme eccentricity or recklessness.]

adj.瘋的,精神錯亂的 [insane; demented]

ex. He must be lunatic to drive his car so fast.
他把車開這麼快一定是瘋了。

 

ps. 古代人認為精神病與月亮盈缺有關,因為精神病看起來是periodic的

 

The Super Moon of May 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lurch

n.突然傾斜 [an act or instance of swaying abruptly.]

ps. 可以用來指船突然傾斜一邊,比方說人進船的時候。

n.蹣跚 [ an awkward, swaying or staggering motion or gait.]

v.突然傾斜 [to make a lurch; move with lurches; stagger]

ex. The ship lurched in the storm.

ex. The car gave a start and then lurched forward.

 

聯想:On the way to the church , he walks with lurch .

ps.有一隻名叫Lurch的牛,很特別( see it )。

字源不詳

lurch  <> progress smoothly

 

 

 

 

lurk

v.潛伏 [to lie or wait in concealment, as a person in ambush; remain in or around a place secretly or furtively.]

ex. a man lurking in the shadows.

ex. danger lurking around every bend.

v.偷偷地行動 [To move furtively; sneak.]

 

字源:c.1300, lurken " to hide , lie hidden," probably from Scand.

聯想:The turk is good at lurking . 土耳其人善於潛伏

c.f

lurk v.潛伏 意思較偏向單純指hide
ambush v.伏擊 除了有 hide外加 attack

 

 

 

 

lurid

adj.可怕的 [Causing shock or horror; gruesome.]

adj.火紅的; 豔紅的 [lighted or shining with an unnatural, fiery glow; wildly or garishly red]

ex. lurid sunset
豔紅色的夕陽

adj.轟動的 [glaringly vivid or sensational; shocking]

ex. a lurid account of the crime

 

字源: L. lūridus 最原先的意思是「可怕的」,後來變成可怕的顏色;類似血的顏色,就是豔紅色。在18xx年,才有「sensational」的字義出現。

聯想: lu + red  這樣看,裡面就有個紅色了。

 

 

 

 

lush

adj.蒼翠繁茂的 [Having or characterized by luxuriant vegetation.]

ex. The beautifully landscaped gardens sprawl with lush vegetation.

adj.豪華的  [characterized by luxuriousness, opulence]

ex.  the lush decoration of a grand hotel.

 

聯想:The bush is lush .   這灌木叢蒼翠繁茂。

字源:跟字根 lax loosen有關,因為原指植物鮮嫩多汁,很柔翠。

lush <> sere adj.乾焦的;枯萎的

 

 

 

 

 

lustrous

lust e r-ous

adj.有光澤的 [having luster; shining]

ex. lustrous pearls
明亮的珍珠

 

 

 

 

 

lust

n.強烈的慾望 [An overwhelming desire or craving]

ex. the lust of conquest 征服欲

ex. wanderlust 旅行癖

n.強烈的性慾 [Intense or unrestrained sexual craving.]

ps.《 Love or Lust 平井堅 的歌

v.強烈地渴望 [ to have a yearning or desire; have a strong or excessive craving]

 

 

 

 

 

luxury

luxur(excess)-y

n.奢侈品 [Something inessential but conducive to pleasure and comfort.]

ex. Cream cakes are no longer a luxury.
奶油蛋糕再也不是奢侈品了。

n.奢侈,奢華 [Sumptuous living or surroundings]

ex. They live in luxury.
他們生活奢華。

 

字源: L. luxuria excess

 

 

 

 

luxuri ous

adj.奢侈的 [ characterized by luxury]

adj.豪華的;非常舒適的 [Of a sumptuous, costly, or rich variety]

ex. luxurious hotels.

 

 

luxuri ant

adj.繁茂的 [Characterized by rich or profuse growth ; producing or yielding in abundance]

ex. Luxuriant forests covered the hills.
山丘上長滿茂密的樹木。

ex. a luxuriant imagination
豐富的想像力

 

這兩個字常常被搞混。

luxuri ous 是形容奢侈的、豪華的;它是高檔的(high quality),但不一定要數量多

luxuri ant 是形容繁茂的;它是數量多的(high quantity),但不一定要高檔

 

如果你說,luxuri ous sakura, 是指很高檔的櫻花,很貴、很難買到。

而 luxuri ant sakura,是指很多櫻花,像三月櫻花翩翩。

 

另外,我們之前也提過 florid vs flourish ... review p.206

florid adj.華麗的 (有過份、不好的意味在)

flourish n/v.茂盛,繁茂

 

 

 

lyric

lyra- ic

n.抒情詩;抒情作品  [Of or relating to a category of poetry that expresses subjective thoughts and feelings, often in a songlike style or form.]

n.歌詞

adj. 抒情的

ex. a lyric love poem
一首愛情抒情詩

 

字源:from Gk. lyre  指一種琴,長的有點像harp,在希臘的神話中lyre是Hermes從一個牛身體中拉出來的。

在古希臘時代,詩歌是用一種被稱為「詩琴」(lyre)的樂器在伴奏下吟唱的,猶如我國古代《詩經》中的詩篇是吟唱的一樣。這種樂器因有七根弦,可以抱在懷中,因而也稱七絃琴、抱琴或里拉琴。

ps. 現在lyra 指天琴座

libretto:opera=lyrics:song
劇本:歌劇=歌詞:歌曲

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