lounge

v.懶洋洋地閒逛 [To move or act in a lazy, relaxed way; loll]

ex. lounging on the sofa

n. [A public waiting room, as in a hotel or an air terminal]

ps.飯店、旅館、機場的候機室等的休息室

 

字源:原本的概念來自於"to stretch out"

ps. lounge music 沙發音樂

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

loutish

lout-ish

adj.笨拙的;粗野的 [like or characteristic of a lout; awkward; clumsy; boorish.]

 

ps.1

lout

n.笨拙、粗野的人 [an awkward, stupid person; clumsy, ill-mannered boor]


題外話: Lout Gehrig 是大聯盟史上第一個單場擊出四支全壘打的球員,同時也是洋基唯一的一位。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

low

adj.低的

v.牛哞哞 [ to utter the deep, low sound characteristic of cattle; moo.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

loyal /ˋlɔɪəl/

adj.忠誠的 [faithful to one's sovereign, government, or state]

ps. 也可以指忠於自己的誓言、責任、理由、某位領導者等..

ex. We will remain loyal, come hell or high water.

 

字源:< MF, OF loial, le(i)al < L lēgālis 跟字根 leg law有關

 

ps. royal adj.王室的

其中roy是字根 reg king 的衍化 ( see more: regal)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lubricant

lubric ( to make slippery) -ant

n.潤滑劑 [a substance, as oil or grease, for lessening friction, esp. in the working parts of a mechanism.]

ps.也可以指 KY ... 潤滑人用的潤滑劑

ex. Gear lubricant
齒輪潤滑油

 

字源:< L lūbricant - (s. of lūbricāns ), prp. of lūbricāre to make slippery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lubricate

lubric (to make slippery) -ate

v.滑潤 [to apply some oily or greasy substance to (a machine, parts of a mechanism, etc.) in order to diminish friction]

ps.還可以用於指舒緩人際關係等等

ex. You should lubricate the wheels of your bicycle once a month.
你應該每個月給自行車輪子加一次潤滑油。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lucid

luc(light)-id

adj.清楚易懂的 [easily understood; completely intelligible or comprehensible]

ex. a lucid explanation.

adj. 頭腦清楚的 [ Mentally sound; sane or rational.]

ps. Lucid Dreaming 在意識清醒的時候所作的夢

adj.清澈的;透明的 [=limpid; clear, transparent,]

 

字源:< L lūcidus , = lūc- (s. of lūx light) + -idus -id

 

c.f p.292

limpid

limp(water)-id

adj.清澈的;透明的 [clear, transparent, or pellucid, as water, crystal, or air]

ex. We could see to the very bottom of the limpid pond.

ex. limpid eyes

adj.暢達的(ex.文體)[free from obscurity; lucid; clear]

ex. a limpid style; limpid prose.

 

字源: L. limpidus clear,其中的 limp(a) 是 water的意思,與 lymph (淋巴,淋巴液) 同源的,指的都是clear water

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lucrative

lucr e (money)-ative

adj.能賺錢的,有利可圖的 [profitable; moneymaking; remunerative]

ex. a lucrative business; a lucrative investment

ex. Farmers abandoned the land for more lucrative employment in the booming construction industry.
農民們拋棄了土地,到發達的建築業中去找更能賺錢的職業。

 

lucre

n.金錢

ps. lucre雖然當作money來解釋,但是 卻含有"avarice"、"shameful gain"意味在 ,因此除非你想特別指不好的錢,不然一般用money就好了。

ex. I don't want to lose my health for the sake of filthy lucre.
我不想為了幾個臭錢而損傷身體。

 

字源: L. lucrum profit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ludicrous

ludicr(joke)-ous

adj.荒唐可笑的 [ Laughable or hilarious because of obvious absurdity or incongruity.]

ex. The old woman looked ludicrous in her daughter's clothes.
老婦人穿著她女兒的衣服,看上去很滑稽。

 

音:ludicrous 與 ridiculous發音很像

字源: L. ludicrum source of amusement, joke

ludicrous:buffoon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lug

v.使勁的拖拉 [to pull or tug laboriously.]

ex. to lug a suitcase upstairs.

n. [an act or instance of lugging; a forcible pull]

 

音:拉

聯想: pul l + t ug

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lukewarm

luke(tepid)-warm

adj.微溫的 [moderately warm; tepid.]

ex. lukewarm water 溫水

ex. lukewarm swimming pool

adj.不夠熱心的 [having or showing little ardor, zeal, or enthusiasm; indifferent]

ex. lukewarm praise
不夠熱情的讚揚

 

字源: ME lukewarme tepid, = luke tepid+ warme warm

聯想:我是用 Lue ...一位NBA player的名字去記得,因為Lue長得小小的,所以lukewarm就是小小的warm。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lull

v.使入睡 [to put to sleep or rest by soothing means]

ex. to lull a child by singing.

ex. The motion of the train soon lulled me to sleep.
火車的行駛很快使我進入夢鄉。

 

v. 平息、安靜 [ to soothe or quiet.]

n.暫時的平靜 [A relatively calm interval, as in a storm.]

ex. a lull in the conversation
談話的中斷

 

聯想:lull 的u表示睡覺睡到流口水,

ps. loll v.懶洋洋地倚靠 的o是指一棵頭

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lullaby

lulla(=lull)-by(bye)

n.搖籃曲 [a song used to lull a child to sleep; cradlesong.]

 

聯想:lul l + b aby  哄寶寶入睡的歌

字源: lulla lull + -by bye

 

"Johannes Brahms(布拉姆斯) - Lullaby....應該很多人都有聽過"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lumber

n.木材 [timber sawed or split into planks, boards, etc.]

ps. timber 是原始的木材,裁切成板子好的木材教lumber

v.裁切木材準備銷售 [to cut timber and prepare it for market.]

 

v.笨重地移動 [ to move clumsily or heavily, esp. from great or ponderous bulk]

ex. overloaded wagons lumbering down the dirt road.

 

lumber:grace 笨拙地移動不會優雅

 

c.f

timber   n.木材(原料)

lumber  n.木材 (裁切好的)

limb       n.樹的枝幹

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lumberjack

lumber-jack

n.伐木工人 [a person who works at lumbering; a person whose job is to cut down trees]

 

字源:因為 Jack一氏大多在作木工

ps. blacksmith

 

 

 

 

 

 

    全站熱搜

    xination 發表在 痞客邦 留言(2) 人氣()