n.零亂之物; 垃圾 [carelessly discarded refuse]
n. 生下的一窩動物 [ a number of young brought forth by a multiparous(一胎多子的) animal at one birth]
ex. a litter of six kittens.
v.亂丟垃圾 [to strew (a place) with scattered objects]
ex. Please don't litter.
v.生下一窩動物 [To give birth to (a litter).]
n. 一條麵包[a portion of bread or cake baked in a mass, usually oblong with a rounded top.]
ex. I bought a loaf of bread at the baker's.
v.遊蕩 [ to idle away time]
ex. He figured the mall was as good a place as any for loafing.
ex. Don't loaf; please get the job done.
adj.不情願的 [unwilling; reluctant; disinclined; averse]
ex. to be loath to admit a mistake.
ex. He is loath to get out of bed on cold mornings.
字源(看看就好)： bef. 900; ME loth, lath, OE lāth hostile, hateful; c. D leed, G leid sorry, ON leithr hateful
v.厭惡,憎恨 [to feel disgust or intense aversion for; abhor]
ex. I loathe people who spread malicious gossip.
聯想：loath + e 加強版的loath就是厭惡
字源： bef. 900; ME loth ( i ) en, lath ( i ) en, OE lāthian, deriv. of lāth
n.大廳 [A hall, foyer , or waiting room at or near the entrance to a building, such as a hotel or theater.]
n.議會聽的公開休息室, [A public room next to the assembly chamber of a legislative body.]
n.遊說團體 [A group of persons engaged in trying to influence legislators or other public officials in favor of a specific cause]
ps. 比方說 environment conservation lobby = 環境保護--遊說團體
ex. the banking lobby; the labor lobby.
v. 進行遊說 [To try to influence the thinking of legislators or other public officials for or against a specific cause]
ex. lobbying for stronger environmental safeguards
n.中文不知道該叫什麼才好(就有像耳垂形狀的東西) [A rounded projection, especially a rounded, projecting anatomical part]
ex. earlobe =耳垂
ex. lobe of the brain =腦葉
ex. lobe of the lungs = 肺葉
字源： Gk. lobos , lobe, pod(豆莢)
n.礦脈 [The metalliferous ore that fills a fissure in a rock formation; a vein (靜脈、血管) of mineral ore deposited between clearly demarcated layers of rock]
n.豐富的蘊藏 [A rich source or supply.]
字源：lode在中世紀的英文中拼法是 ME. load , 跟carrying是有關係的唷。
ps.1 Lodestar = 北極星 (那是以前人的用法了，現在人用polar star就可以了)
ps.2 Big Dipper = 北斗七星
lope n/v. 跳躍著奔跑 [跟leap同源]
n.特殊事情發生的地點 [A place, especially with reference to a particular event]
ex. the locale of a crime.
n.小說、電影、等出現的地點 [the scene or setting, as of a novel, play, or motion picture]
ex. The locales in the film of Cape No. 7 mainly are at Kenting.
ex. The director is looking for a suitable locale for his new film.
字源：alter. of earlier local < F
n.場所 [A locality; a place.]
n. [A center or focus of great activity or intense concentration]
字源：直接保留拉丁字的字型; L. locus place
loco( L. locus ; place )-moton
n.移動 [The act of moving from place to place.]
ex. Method of locomotion have improved greatly in recent year, but place to go remain about the same.
n.移動的能力 [The ability to move from place to place.]
n. 火車頭 [a self-propelled, vehicular engine, powered by steam, a diesel, or electricity, for pulling or, sometimes, pushing a train or individual railroad cars.]
n.驅動力 [A driving or pulling force; an impetus]
ex. The US could no longer serve as the locomotive for the world economy
adj.運動的, 移動的 [Of, relating to, or involved in locomotion.]
adj.高聳的 [extending high in the air; of imposing height]
ex. lofty mountains.
adj.崇高的 [exalted in rank, dignity, or character; eminent .]
ex. He is a man of lofty ideals.
adj. [ arrogantly or condescendingly superior in manner; haughty]
n.砍下來的大樹幹 [A usually large section of a trunk or limb of a fallen or felled tree .]
n.船的速度儀 [A device trailed from a ship to determine its speed through the water.]
n.航海日誌 [A record of a ship's speed, its progress, and any shipboard events of navigational importance.]
ex. The captain of the ship entered the details in the log.
v.砍樹 [To cut down, trim, and haul the timber]
v.紀錄 [To enter in a record, as of a ship or an aircraft.]
字源： ME logge , var. of lugge limb of tree ，
n.【軍】後勤學 [the branch of military science and operations dealing with the procurement, supply, and maintenance of equipment, with the movement, evacuation, and hospitalization of personnel, with the provision of facilities and services, and with related matters.]
adj.【軍】後勤 (學) 的
在希臘文中 Gk. logo 的意思就是word, speech.
而 Gk. logos 則是指 idea, reason，後來也有當「reasoning art」
所以現在的logic adj.邏輯的 就是從這樣而來的，
另外一個分支，logistic 也有從lodge n.小屋 演化出來的 (我們談過dislodge)