lint

n.小毛球(就是洗衣服後付著在衣服上得小毛球) [Clinging bits of fiber]

  ex. tenacious lint on my jacket.
  粘在我夾克上的棉絨

n.紗布 [Downy material obtained by scraping linen cloth and used for dressing wounds.]

 

lint:covering
保護傷口的軟布是一種覆蓋物

 

 

 

 

lionize

lion(獅子)-ize

v.捧某人為名人 [ to treat (a person) as a celebrity]

  ps. If someone is lionized, they are treated as if they are very important or special by a particular group of people, often when they do not really deserve to be.

 

字的概念:因為獅子很兇,必須要好好對待。

 

 

 

liquefy

lique(L. liquere; liquid)-fy

v.液化 [to make or become liquid.]

  ex. liquefied wax

 

 

 

 

liquid

n.液體 [The state of matter in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow, little or no tendency to disperse, and relatively high incompressibility.]

  ex. Oil, milk and water are all liquids.
  油、牛奶和水都是液體。

adj.液體的 [Of or being a liquid.]

adj.清澈的, 流暢的 [Clear and shining; Having a flowing quality without harshness or abrupt breaks]

 

 

 

 

liquidate

liquid-ate

v.清理債務 [To pay off (a debt, a claim, or an obligation); settle.]

  ex. To liquidate(a debt, such as a mortgage)by installment payments.
  分期償還

  ps.1 inquidate也可以指公司賣出所有資產,來償還債務。

  ps.2 liquidate people 是「清掉惹麻煩的人」的意思。

  ex. Hitler tried to liquidate the Jews in Germany.
  希特勒試圖全部消滅德國的猶太人。

v.將...變換成現金 [To convert (assets) into cash.]

 

 

 

 

lissome

liss(=lithe)-some

adj.柔軟的 [ lithesome or lithe, esp. of body; supple; flexible.]

 

字源:liss其實就是lithe的意思。

類似的還有bliss, blithe

 

聯想:kiss的時候要lissome

同義:limber, lithe

c.f

lassitude n.無精打采、厭倦

lissome    a.柔軟的

 

 

 

 

lithe

adj.易彎的,柔軟的 [bending readily; pliant; limber; supple; flexible]

  ex. the lithe body of a ballerina.

 

 

ps.

 lithe   adj.易彎的、柔軟的

blithe   adj.歡樂的、快活的

 

 

 

 

list

n.名冊;目錄 [a series of names or other items written or printed together in a meaningful grouping or sequence so as to constitute a record]

  ex. a list of members.

v.傾斜(像船一樣的傾斜) [ leaning to one side, as of a ship.]

  ex. The ship listed to the right
  船向右傾。

list <> be upright

 

 

 

 

listless

adj.無精打采的,倦怠的 [ Lacking energy or disinclined to exert effort; lethargic]

  ex. He was listless and pale and wouldn't eat much.

 

ps. list 有也當作"desire"的意思(verb),它之後我們會談到 lust是同來源的。

 

 

Quick Reivew
----------------------------------------

字根liter == letter 文字

liter-al adj.照字面的、逐字的    
      il-liter-acy   n.文盲
liter-ate a.能讀寫的、受過教育的 (有文學知識的) // il-liter-ate   a.不會讀寫的
       
liter-ature n.文學    
liter-ary n.文人[-ary 為集合名詞]   adj.文學的    
liter-atus n.文人、學者// liter-ati 複數    

 

----------------------------------------

 

literal

liter(letter)-al

adj.照字面的、逐字的 [Conforming or limited to the simplest, nonfigurative, or most obvious meaning of a word or words.]

  ex. There had been a literal truth in his declaration.
  從字面上看,他剛才說的話並不假。

adj.如實的,不誇張的 [Avoiding exaggeration, metaphor, or embellishment; factual]

  Literally speaking( in a litteral sense), I have a baby now.

 

 

 

literate

liter(letter)-ate

adj.能讀寫的 [able to read and write.]

  ex. The Greeks became more literate, more capable of recording their history and ideas.
  希臘人變得更通文達理,更有能力來記載他們的曆史和思想了。

adj.受過教育的(在某些特別的領域)[Knowledgeable or educated in a particular field or fields.]

n.能讀寫的人

 

 

 

literati

n.文人、學者 [persons of scholarly or literary attainments; intellectuals]

  ex. For a long, long time, the Chinese literati have aspired to bring home the Nobel Prize.
  對於這個獎,中國的文化人已經盼了很久很久。

 

 

 

 

 

litigant

lit(law)-ig(=ag;do)-ant

n.訴訟當事人(被告與原告都算是litigant) [a person engaged in a lawsuit.]

adj.訴訟當事人的 [ engaged in a lawsuit.]

 

arbitrator:disputants=judge:litigants
仲裁者解決爭論者的爭紛=法官解決訴訟當事人的爭紛

 

 

 

litigation

n.訴訟 [To contest in legal proceedings.]

  ps. Litigation is the process of fighting or defending a case in a civil court of law.

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