limp   v.跛行                      [想成 p是枴杖,所以 limp是跛行]

limn   v.描繪                      [想成 line]

limb   n.肢、大樹幹 v.截肢     [b 看成bone骨]

 

----------------------------------------

 

 

limb

n.肢 [a part or member of an animal body distinct from the head and trunk, as a leg, arm, or wing]

ps. limb的概念就是,主幹外的小枝,可以指人的手、腳,鳥的翅膀,也可以指樹枝,更可以用來當作延伸的成員。

ex. the lower limbs; artificial limbs.

ex. A policeman is a limb of the law.

n. 大樹幹 [ a large or main branch of a tree.]

v.肢解;給...截肢 [ to cut the limbs from]

ex. The tree was felled and limbed.
樹被砍倒並被截去枝條。

 

 

聯想:把limb的 b 看成bone骨

 

 

 

 

 

 

limber

adj.柔軟的 [ characterized by ease in bending the body; supple; lithe.]

v.使柔軟 [to make oneself limber]

ex. to limber up before the game.

 

字源: limber是從 limb來的。

 

 

 

 

 

 

limn

v.描繪 [To depict by painting or drawing.]

ex. to limn a  portrait.

v.描述 [To describe.]

 

聯想:可以把limn 想成跟line長得很像。

字源: M.E limnen , to illuminate a manuscript, from L.lūmināre , 其中字根 lūmen ( lūmin-, light)

limn 由 L. Lumen light所創的,在1420年時指"to illuminate manuscripts",而1592年方有"portray, depict"如現今的意思。

enunciate:words=limn:lines
發音發出詞語=描繪畫出線條

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

limp

v.一瘸一拐地走,跛行 [To walk lamely, especially with irregularity, as if favoring one leg.]

ex. That the beggar limped was a fake.
那個乞丐拐著走,是個假冒。

adj.軟弱的;無精神的 [Lacking strength or firmness; weak or spiritless]

ex. a limp handshake

 

聯想:想成 p是枴杖,所以 limp是跛行

 

 

 

 

limerick

n.五行打油詩 [a kind of humorous verse of five lines , in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet.]

補充. 第1, 2, 5行同韻,而3, 4行會比較短,且形成一對。

 

字源: Limerick是在Ireland的一個大城市,而其中有中說法是,Limerick人喜歡玩一種宴會遊戲--每位來賓輪流即興造出一首荒謬、打趣的詩,而其中都要用到「Will you come up to Limerick?」,因此後來limerick就成了五行打油詩的代名詞了。

 

There once was a young man from Kew
從前有個年輕人打從Kew而來

Who found a dead mouse in his stew.
他發現有隻死老鼠在他的燉肉裡面。

Said the waiter, 「Don't shout
侍者說,「可別大聲嚷嚷

Or wave it about,
或是揮舞者牠,

Or the rest will be wanting one too!」
不然其他客人也會想要一隻的阿!」

 

start from 6:26

 

review p.160

doggerel

dog-er-al

n. 打油詩 [Crudely or irregularly fashioned verse, often of a humorous or burlesque nature. ]

 

字源:1277 (as a surname, 1249), the root word probably from dog , applied to bad poetry perhaps with a suggestion of puppyish clumsiness, or being only fit for dogs.

像小狗的詩

 

 

 

 

 

limestone

lime(石灰)-stone

n. 石灰石 [A common sedimentary rock consisting mostly of calcium carbonate, CaCO 3 ]

ps. 被用來製造石灰lime,二氧化碳carbon dioxide, 水泥cement.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

limousine

n.豪華轎車 [any large, luxurious automobile]

n.機場、車站等接送旅客的)小型巴士 [a large sedan or small bus, esp. one for transporting passengers to and from an airport, between train stations, etc.]

ps. xination在大阪的時候就有坐過唷,limousine bus會直接把你從機場送到飯店。

 

 

 

 

limpid

limp(water)-id

adj.清澈的;透明的 [clear, transparent, or pellucid, as water, crystal, or air]

ex. We could see to the very bottom of the limpid pond.

ex. limpid eyes

adj.暢達的(ex.文體)[free from obscurity; lucid; clear]

ex. a limpid style; limpid prose.

 

字源: L. limpidus ,其中的 limp(a) 是 water的意思,與 lymph (淋巴,淋巴液) 同源的,指的都是clear water

 

 

 

 

 

lineage

line-age

n.家系,世系 [ lineal descent from an ancestor; ancestry]

ex. She could trace her lineage to the early Pilgrims.

ex. a family of royal lineage
王族家庭

n.行數,稿費

ps.當你想說報紙、雜誌文章有幾行,就是用這個字。or稿費也可以用這個字。

 

題外: 線上遊戲《天堂》的名字....是lineage,很奇怪吧

 

 

 

 

 

linear

line-ar

adj.直線的

ex. a linear design = 線條圖案

ps. 在數學中,就是指線性的。

 

 

 

 

 

 

linen

line-en

n.亞麻布製品 [fabric woven from flax yarns.]

ps. 埃及木乃伊就是用linen所包的

flax --> linen

 

字源:linen是由亞麻flax織成的布,其中的line就是指亞麻的線。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

linoleum /lɪˋnolɪəm/

lin en (亞麻) + petr oleum (石油)

n. 亞麻油地氈 [ A durable, washable material made in sheets by pressing a mixture of heated linseed oil (亞麻子油) , rosin (樹脂) , powdered cork (軟木粉屑) , and pigments (色素) onto a burlap (粗麻布) or canvas backing. Linoleum is used as a covering especially for floors.]

 

字源:linoleum來自一個商標

ps.Linoleum 是由英國人Frederick Walton 於1860發明的.

wax:linoleum
油氈打蠟防止損壞

 

 

 

 

 

 

linger

ling(=long)-er     [就是longer的概念]

v.逗留,徘徊 [to remain or stay on in a place longer than is usual or expected, as if from reluctance to leave]

ex. We lingered awhile after the party.

v.磨蹭,拖延 [ to be tardy in action; delay; dawdle]

ex. to linger in discharging one's duties.

 

 

 

 

linguistic

lingu(tongue)-istic

adj.語言的 [of or belonging to language]

adj.語言學的 [of or pertaining to linguistics.]

 

字源: L. lingu ( a ) tongue

 

ps.

language

langu(=lingu; tongue)-age

 

 

 

 

linguistics

lingu(tongue)-istic-s

n.語言學 [the science of language, including phonetics (語音學) , phonology (音系學 ), morphology (詞態學) , syntax (語法) , semantics (語義學) , pragmatics (語用學 ) , and historical linguistics.]

 

 

 

 

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