invoke

in-vok(call)-e  [ex. voice]

v.祈求 [to call for with earnest desire; make supplication or pray for]

  ps. 你求神顯靈來幫助你的時候,就是用這個字invoke,或是想請個famous person幫支持你的意見,也可以用invoke

  ex.  to invoke God to help

v.招喚精靈 [To summon with incantations; conjure.]

v.訴諸(法律等) [to declare to be binding or in effect]

  ps. invoke xx law 的意思就是援用、訴諸 xx law,

  ex. The judge invoked an international law that protects refugees.

v.喚起 [ to cause, call forth]

  ex The music invoked memories of my childhood.
  這音樂使我想起自己的童年。

 

invoke <> suspend  v.暫停

 

 

 

 

 

 

involuntary

in-volunt(will)-ary

adj.非自願的,  [not voluntary; independent of one's will; not by one's own choice]

  ex. an involuntary listener

adj.不受意志控制的 [ Physiology. acting independently of or done or occurring without volition(意志)]

  ex. Sneezing is involuntary.
  打噴嚏是不自覺的。

 

voluntary

volunt(will)-ary

adj.自願的

adj.自發的

 

volunteer

n.義工

 

 

 

 

 

invulnerable

in-vulner(to wound)-able

adj.不會受傷害的; 無懈可擊的 [incapable of being wounded, hurt, or damaged.]

  ex. an invulnerable argument
  無懈可擊的議論

  ex. to establish oneself in an invulnerable position.

 

  字源: L. vulnerā(re) "to wound"

   ps.無敵艦隊 = Armada (全名la Armada Invencible)

 

 

 

 

 

iodine

n.

 

字源:from Greek ioeidēs"violet-colored" : ion, violet + -oeidēs, -oid

iodine前面的iod是從希臘文的紫色來的

 

 

 

 

 

iota

n.極微小量 [a very small quantity]

  ex. He's never  shown an iota of interest in any kind of social work.

n.希臘語字母第九字 [the ninth letter of the Greek alphabet (I, ι).]

  ps. iota是希臘文中最小的字母,所以才會有「極微小量」的意思。

 

 

 

 

 

 

irascible

ira(ire)-sc-ible

adj.易怒的 [easily provoked to anger]

adj. [characterized or produced by anger]

 

字源:LL īrāscibilis, equiv. to L īrāsc- (s. of īrāscī to grow angry; equiv. to īr(a) ire + -ā- theme vowel + -sc- inchoative suffix + -ī inf. ending; see -esce ) + -ibilis -ible

irascible的字根是ira這個字,它就是ire n.anger的意思

補充一下,字典這邊說irasci的字構是由 ir(a) + a + sc

其中a-- theme vowel是在拉丁文的一個特色:功能是發音而加上的

而sc -- inchoative suffix -- 它就是v+ing的ing功能一樣

聯想:其實也可以用rad這個字根來記,rad 是擦去的意思,摩擦就會火氣大~~容易生氣

 

rad == scrape

erase    v.擦掉,抹去

eraser   n.橡皮擦

abrade  v.擦掉

 

 

 

 

 

ire

n.忿怒 [intense anger; wrath.]

  ex. I felt pain, and then I felt ire; and then I felt a determination to subdue her.
  我感到痛苦,接著又感到憤怒,最後我下決心要征服她。

  (optional) ex. Pain, shame, ire, impatience, disgust, detestation, seemed momentarily to hold a quivering conflict in the large pupil dilating under his eyebrow.
  痛苦,羞恥,憤怒,煩躁,嫌惡,憎恨,似乎一下子都在他那濃眉下擴大的瞳孔裡顫慄地衝突起來。

 

 

fire  n.火

 ire  n.忿怒

 

 

 

 

 

 

irate

adj.生氣的 [angry; enraged]

  ex. irate protesters

  ex. An irate phone call.
  一個憤怒的電話

 

聯想:i + rate( 比例,怒斥)  我被一個豬頭長官怒斥,氣死我了

字源: L īrātus ptp. of īrāscī to be angry. 跟irascible是同樣的來源的

gush:effusive=rage:irate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

iridescent

irid(rainbow)-esc-ent

adj.彩虹色的 [displaying a play of lustrous colors like those of the rainbow.]

  ex. iridescent bubbles.

 

字源:irido-是個希臘字根,其意思是rainbow

 

 

 

 

 

 

irk

v.使苦惱, 使厭惡[to irritate, annoy, or exasperate]

  ex. It irked him to wait in line.

 

"What the Irk?"
 

joke一則:NBA小牛隊的 Dirk因為防守不力,名字就被改成了irk..

 

 

 

 

 

irksome

irk-some

adj.使苦惱的, 使厭惡的 [annoying; irritating; exasperating]

  ex. irksome restrictions.

  ex. She desired a fixed occupation-no matter how onerous, how irksome.
  她希望有個固定的職業,不管這個職業多麼繁重,多麼令人厭倦。

 

 

 

 

 

ironclad

iron-clad

adj.裝甲的 [covered or cased with iron plates, as a ship for naval warfare]

adj.堅固的、嚴格的 [very rigid or exacting; inflexible; unbreakable]

  ex. an ironclad contract
  不可動搖的契約

  字源:clad的意思是被xx cover的意思,它是 cloth的變化體,比方說 ivy-clad tower 指的是被常春藤包覆的塔

  ps. firm:ironclad

 

 

 

 

 

 

irony

n.反諷、諷刺 [the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning]

  ps. 比方說你老闆叫你假日來上班,你說"Oh~ how nice"這就是一個irony

n.出乎意料的結果 [an outcome of events contrary to what was, or might have been, expected.]

  ps. 比方說一向愛遲到的老王,今天居然早到,真是一個irony阿。

 

你可以用聯想法去記這個字,

在他的冷嘲熱諷下,本來鐵(iron)打的心都變軟了,真是一個諷刺(irony)阿 ...我亂掰的

(irony的字源跟鐵沒什麼關係)

 

 

 

 

 

ironic

adj.反諷的、諷刺的

  ex. It's ironic that the weakest student in mathematics was elected class treasurer.
  數學最差的學生竟被選為班級財務幹事,這真是具有諷刺意味。

adj.出乎意料的結果的

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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