indubitable

in-dubit(doubt)-able   [not doubt]

adj.無疑的,  確實的 [that cannot be doubted; patently evident or certain; unquestionable.]

  ex. 通常用來加強XX是真的,而不需要有任何懷疑的

  ex. Dear, this is my indubitable love to you...

 

字源:indubitable的dubit就是doubt的意思~

 

 

 

induce

in-duc(lead)-e

v.引誘;勸  [To lead or move, as to a course of action, by influence or persuasion.]

  ex. to induce a person to buy a lottery.

  ex. Nothing in the world would induce me to do that.

v.感應生電 [Physics.to produce (an electric current)]

 

ps.1

induced labor

中文我不知該翻成什麼,不過他的意思大致上為"催生",就是讓baby早一些產出,比方說預期到baby會長的過大,或是懷孕已過了42週(超過10個半月),或者還有其他的因素讓早產會對baby比較好,就會使用induced labor.

 

ps.2

education [ex-duc-ation]

 

 

 

 

induct

v.使正式就任 [to install in an office, position, etc., esp. with formal ceremonies]

  ex. induct sb.to an office of governor.
  使某人就任州長

  ex. Six new members have been inducted into the Provincial Cabinet.

v.徵召...入伍 [to take a draftee(被徵召入伍者) into military service]

 

ps. induct、conscript、enlist

徵兵制 -- conscript (強制性的, being forced to join the military)

              draft(可以選擇要加入哪種conscription),NBA的選秀也是這個字。

募兵制 -- enlist

較廣義 -- induct (不過較偏draft的色彩)

 

 

 

 

induction

n.就職儀式/徵招 [a procedure or ceremony for introducing someone to a new job, organization, or way of life. ]

  ex. Elvis' induction into the army.

  ex. an induction course for new members.

n.引誘;勸

 

ps.1 電磁學--電磁感應

"electrostatic induction 靜電感應"
 

 

ps.2 邏輯學

induction =歸納法;歸納 (用以求的general rule)

歸納法是由「具體經驗現象」的觀察來得出「general rule」

ex.

小明會死

小美會死

小明.小美都是人-->所以人都會死

 

而相對的是演譯法(deduction),

由「general rule」推測「具體經驗現象」

人都會死

小明.小美都是人-->小美會死、小明會死

 

 

 

indulge

v. 使沈迷於 [To yield to the desires and whims of, especially to an excessive degree; humor.]

  ex. take time to indulge. (某廣告詞)

  ex. indulged himself with good food.

  ex. The prince indulged in luxury.
  那位王子奢靡無度。

indulge:mollycoddle (同義)

 

ps.

divulge v.洩露

字源:dis- + vulgāre( to spread among the multitude)

 

 

 

 

indurate

in-dur(last,harden)-ate

v.變堅固、變硬 [ to make hard; harden, as rock, tissue, etc.]

  ex. Cold indurates the soil.

 

en-dure      v.忍耐

in-durate    v.變堅固、變硬 

ob-durate   a.頑固                 (ob-做against解)

 

 

 

 

industrious

industry-ous

adj.勤勉的,勤奮的 [working energetically and devotedly; hard-working; diligent]

  ex. If you are industrious you can finish the job before dark.
  你若勤快些就能在天黑前完成這項工作了。

 

聯想:在工業(industry)園區的工程師,每天勤勉的(industrious)工作爆肝!!

字源:industrious是由 industry加個字尾而來的,所以追根究柢,我們必須來瞭解 industry;此字的最源頭是L. industria指的是"勤勉",而在15XX年以後industry才有工業的意思唷。

 

 

 

 

ineffable

in-ex-fab(speak)-able

adj. [ incapable of being expressed or described in words]

   ex. the ineffable sadness.
  無法明狀的悲傷

   ex. the ineffable beauty of the scenery
  難以形容的優美景色

 

review

fable n.寓言

 

ineffable:description

 

 

 

 

 

ineffectual

in-ex-fect(make,do)-u-al

adj.無效果的,不起作用的 [Insufficient to produce a desired effect]

  ex. an ineffectual remedy.

  ex. The searchlights were ineffectual in the fog.
  探照燈在霧中不起作用。

 

 

 

inelasticity

in-elastic-ity

n. 無彈力 [not elastic; lacking flexibility or resilience]

 

ps.1 在經濟學用語中inelasticity指的是對改變不容易起反應。

  ex. price inelasticity
  價格缺乏彈性

順便補充彈性的定義---Ex,y=|(Δy/y)/(Δx/x)|

 

ps.2 物理學中有 elastic collision/ inelastic collision

彈性碰撞(elastic collision) -- 碰撞前後動能沒有改變。

非彈性碰撞(inelastic collision)--動能改變了,比方說子彈射進木頭中卡住了。

 

 

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