incessant

in-cess-ant

adj.不停的,連續的 [continuing without interruption; ceaseless; unending]

  ex. the incessant noise

 

聯想:

我們之前有談過字根cess是"走"or"讓步"的的意思,比方說process

但是這邊的cess卻是從cease"停止"變過來的。

但我們還是可以用聯想法來背這個字,

in + cess(走) + ant "在走的狀態"-->不停的,連續的

 

字源: from L. in- "not" + cessantem (nom. cessans), prp. of cessare "cease".

 

review

字根  ced    cess == go走、yield讓步
       ceed

 

 

 

 

inch

n.英吋 (1 in = 1/12  foot = 2.54 cm)

v.緩慢地移動 [ to move by inches or small degrees]

  ex. We inched our way along the road.

  ex. He killed the man inch by inch.
  他把那個人慢慢地折磨死了。

 

inch:move=drawl:speak
緩慢地移動:移動=慢聲慢氣地講話:說話

 

 

 

 

inchoate

adj.剛開始的 [just begun; incipient.]

  ex. inchoate ideas, attitudes, wishes, etc
  初步的想法、 態度、 願望等

adj.未發展完成的 [not yet completed or fully developed; rudimentary.]

  ex. experiences would  be inchoate and unformed in the mind, if people can't comprehend them.

adj.沒有組織的 [not organized; lacking order]

 

聯想:inch + oat(麥片) + e "麥片緩慢地成長"->還在長->剛開始的、未發展完成的

字源:inchoate,是從"將牛軛放在牛上"的意思演化而來的,簡單的說就是要開始耕田囉~。

 

inchoate:realized
剛開始的的還沒有實現

 

 

 

 

incident

in-cid(=cad;fall)-ent

n.事件 [an individual occurrence .]

n.插曲 [Something contingent on or related to something else.]

  ps.1 incident 的整體概念是,一個獨立的事件,它看起來是不重要的,但是有可能演變很嚴重的事故。比方說,某甲插隊,然後某乙用髒話罵某甲。到這邊可以稱為一個incident,目前看起來事情還沒怎樣,但有可能幾天後某甲帶人來堵某乙..。所以incident有"事件"的意思、也有"插曲"的意思。

  ps.2 incident 與 event意涵上是有不同的唷,incident通常有負面意味,而event卻正反都可以,你可以說促銷活動是個event,但說incident就會比較奇怪。

adj.易發生的;伴隨而來的 [likely or apt to happen]

  ex. the risks are incident to the life of a racing driver.
 
風險伴隨者賽車手的生活而來。

 

字源:from L. incidentem (nom. incidens), prp. of incidere "happen, befall," from in- "on" + -cidere, comb. form of cadere "to fall" 

 

 

 

 

incidence

in-cid(=cad;fall)-ence

n.事情發生的頻率or範圍(用於不好的事) [the rate or range of occurrence or influence of something, esp. of something unwanted]

  ex. the high incidence of heart disease in men over 40.(40歲以後的男子)

n.發生 [a falling upon, affecting, or befalling; occurrence]

  ex. 有種東西落下來的那種概念

  ex. The incidence of murder that Sunday afternoon shocked the sleepy village.

n.【物】射入;入射角

 

 

 

 

incipient

in-cip(take)-i-ent  [on the state of taking]

adj.初期的, 發端的(formal) [beginning to exist or appear; in an initial stage]

  ex. incipient tumors.

  ex. an incipient economic recovery

  ex. the incipient stage of a disease
  疾病的初發階段

 

(你想review嗎~~但這個字根要講好長耶...請看page 73吧)
----------------------------------------

字根cap系1號=head

cap   --> cip

capit --> cipit

 

字根cap系2號=take

cap

capt

----------------------------------------

字根

cap  --> cep --> cip   == take  [此部分跟cap系2號一樣]

cept

ceive

 

[少]ceipt  : 只有receipt   n.收據

[少]ceit   : 只有deceit    n.欺騙 ,conceit n.自大,自負

----------------------------------------

 

 

 

 

incinerate

in-ciner(L. cineris; ashes)-ate

v.燒成灰; [to burn or reduce to ashes]

 ex. to incinerate the rubbish(waste) or to tip it into disused quarries?
  把垃圾予以焚化,還是倒進廢棄的採石坑?

 

聯想:cine(電影院) +r "阿~電影院燒成灰了"

字源:1555, from M.L. incineratus "reduce to ashes," pp. of incinerare, from L. in- "into" + cinis (gen. cineris) "ashes."

 

ps. cinderella = 灰姑娘

c.f.

immolate    L.mola 指的是"sacrificial barley cake"

v.犧牲、火祭、放火殺死

 

 

 

 

incise

in-cise(cut)

v.切入  [to cut into]

  ex.  this hard steel needle is used to incise lines in a metal.

 

字源:L. incīsus ptp. of incīdere to carve, cut into

 

ps. 日本有個知名的3d畫師叫做--incise soul唷,有興趣的人可以去看看。(see it)

 

 

 

 

incision

in-cis(cut)-ion

n.切口 [a cut, gash, or notch.]

n.切入 [ the act of incising.]

 

 

incisive

in-cis(cut)-ive

adj.一針見血的  [penetrating; cutting; remarkably clear and direct]

  ex. incisive argument.

  ex. the incisive, cultured but unaffected voice matched Obama's ingenuous appearance.
  歐巴馬開門見山,彬彬有禮,而又不矯揉造作的話語同他那幅真誠的表情很相稱。

 

 

 

 

incite

in-cite(to move )

v.激勵;激起  [to stir, encourage, or urge on; stimulate or prompt to action]

  ex. to incite people to rebel.
  煽動民眾起來叛亂

 

字源: L. incitāre, equiv. to in-citāre "to start up, excite, move"

 

這個字incite,指的是"引起動作",可以用於任何的種類,好或外都可以。

review/preview一下我們學過的:

instigate, provoke, goad, spur, arouse, exhort; fire; induce

* arouse 多用於搖醒潛在的意識

* provoke 有"挑戰"、"激怒"的意味

* inflame 使冒火,帶有強烈、激情的意味

 

ps.

cite v.引用; 舉出

字源: from L. citare "to cause to move, arouse, summon, urge, call," from ciere "to move, set in motion"
源指在教堂中,由佈道來激起人民行動"to cause to move",其來自ciere "to move"

 

 

 

 

inclement

in-clement

adj.天氣險惡的 [ (of the weather, the elements, etc.) severe, rough, or harsh; stormy.]

  ex. inclement weather conditions



 

聯想: Clemens是很和藹可親的,clement  adj.溫和的

ps. Clemens= 克萊門斯

 

 

 

 

inclusive

in-clus(close)-ive

adj.包括一切的 [Taking a great deal or everything within its scope; comprehensive]

  ex. The rent is $300, inclusive of heating.
  房租三百元,包括暖氣費在內。

  ex. Inclusive Package Tour

 

 

 

 

 

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