inborn

in-born

adj.天生的;天賦的 [naturally present at birth; innate.]

  ex. have an inborn talent for languages.

  ex. Unlock Your Inborn Creativity

 

 

 

incandescence

in-cand(bright;shine)-esc-ence   [ex.candle, candid]

n.白熱光  [The emission of visible light by a hot object.]

  ex. An early type of stage light in which lime was heated to incandescence producing brilliant illumination.
  白熾燈一種早期的舞檯燈具,通過加熱到熾熱狀態而發出明亮的耀眼的光

 

ps. Stefan's law's

物體的輻射出的功率成正比於溫度的四次方

 

 

 

 

 

incendiary

in-cend(fire)-i-ary   [cend是cand轉化而來的,基本上cend=cand]

adj.放火的 [Causing or capable of causing fire.]

  ex. an incendiary bomb.

n.縱火犯 [An arsonist.]

 

(from videogame)
 

 

 

 

 

incense 

in-cens(=cend;cand)-e

n.焚香(拜拜用的香)

v.焚香

v.激怒 [to inflame with wrath; make angry; enrage.]

 

 

 

 

 

incentive

in-cent(cant;sing)-ive

n.誘因 [something that incites or tends to incite to action or greater effort, as a reward offered for increased productivity.]

  ex. to give people an incentive to own their houses.

 

字源:1432, from L.L. incentivum, noun use of neut. L. adj. incentivus "setting the tune" (in L.L. "inciting"), from stem of incinere "strike up," from in- "in, into" + canere "sing" 

簡單來說,incentive的字源是cant唱的意思,就是說用sing;唱的方式來kindle人的動力。比方說仲唱歌的故事

incentive <> deterrent [de-terr(frigthen)-ent] n.制止物

 

 

 

 

incantation

in-cant(sing)-ation  [唸咒語看起來唱歌的阿]

n.咒文 [Ritual recitation of verbal charms or spells to produce a magic effect.]

  ex. The act of conjuring up a spirit by incantation.
  召鬼用咒語來召鬼的行動

 

 

 

 

incarcerate

in-carcer(prison)-ate

v.下獄, 監禁 [To put into jail; to imprison; confine.]

  ex. He is incarcerated in a stone tower.

 

聯想:carcer還長的滿像兩部車的唷,想成囚車。

字源:1520-30; < ML incarcerātus ptp. of incarcerāre to imprison, equiv. to in-  + carcer(prison)+ -ātus(-ate)

incarcerate的字根carcer在拉丁文的意思是prison的意思。

ps. jail vs prison

jail關的是比較輕微的罪犯,囚犯被送到jail的判刑通常在一年以下(美國的制度)

prison通常會是重罪才會被關於此,判刑通常在一年以上。

 

incarcerate <> liberate v.解放

 

 

 

 

incarnate

in-carn(flesh)-ate  [使有肉體]

adj.具體化的 [ embodied in flesh; given a bodily, esp. a human]

  ex. a devil incarnate = a incarnate devil (一般習慣放後面)

  ex. Queen was happiness incarnate.
  女王是幸福的化身。

adj.擬人化的 [ personified or typified, as a quality or idea]

v.體現; 使成化身; 使具體化

 

 

 

 

 

inception

in-cept(take)-ion [on the state of taking]

n.開始,開端  [the beginning of something, such as an undertaking]

  ex. at the inception of...
  在...的開頭

  ex. Julia' s worked for that company from its inception.
  自從那家公司開辦以來,朱莉婭一直在那兒工作。

 

 

 

 

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