imprecise

in-precise  [cise == cut]

adj.不精確的

  ex. the terms he used were imprecise and emotional.

 

 

 

 

 

 

impregnable

in-pregn(take)-able

adj.攻不破的 [strong enough to resist or withstand attack]

  ex. impregnable attitude on life

  ex. The lawyer won his case with an impregnable argument.
  律師以攻不破的論據打贏了那場官司。

 

字源:in- "not" +prenable "assailable, vulnerable," from stem of prendre "to take, grasp," from L. prehendere (see prehensile).

 

ps. pregnant [pregn-ant] adj.懷孕的

 ex. pregnant woman

 

 

 

 

 

 

impresario

n.【義】(歌劇、樂團等的)經理人[a person who organizes or manages public entertainments, esp. operas, ballets, or concerts.]

 

聯想:impresario長的還滿有impress的味道的,
可以想像成管理那些impress觀眾的歌劇團的經理人。

 

字源:1746, from It. impresario "operatic manager," lit. "undertaker (of a business)," from impresa "undertaking," fem. of impreso, pp. of imprendere "undertake," from V.L. imprendere, from L. in- "onto" + prehendere "to grasp"

impresario是從義大文來的,字的發展是從impresa "undertaking;企業,保證"。

 

impresario:entertainment=broker:trade

 

 

 

 

 

 

impress

in-press

v.給...極深的印象 [ to affect deeply or strongly in mind or feelings]

  ex. I was very impressed by his story.

 

 

 

 

impressed

in-press-ed

adj.印象極深的 [deeply  affected or influenced in mind or feelings ]

 

 

 

 

 

impression

in-press-ion

n.印象 [ An effect, feeling, or image retained as a consequence of experience.]

  ex. make a good impression on sb.

 

ps.Impressionism = 印象派

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

impressionable

in-press-ion-able

adj.易受影響的 [easily impressed or influenced; susceptible]

  ex. an impressionable youngster.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

imprint

in-print

v.壓印 [To produce (a mark or pattern) on a surface by pressure.]

  ex. imprint a kiss on the forehead
  在額上使勁吻一下

ps.

在心理學中imprint稱做「銘印現象」--ex.鳥類動物在破蛋而出後,會把第一個看到的對象當成母親

 

c.f.

imprint   v.壓印

implant  v.植入

 

 

 

 

 

PS.以下這個字,383頁講的比較好,

可以直接跳過這邊,去p.383看那邊的整理。

 

先來補充幾個字

字根

vis vid == see

 

-vid系列-

provide   v.提供                          


provid-ence

n.遠見   //  provid-ent  a.有遠見的  [providing for future needs or events]

n.天意   //  provid-ential  a.根據天意的、幸運的

 

pro前,vid看:pro-vide向前看。

由"向前看"而指著"往未來看",

所以有"遠見"的概念,指是防範未然,未雨綢繆之意。

 

provide的字根構成的意思是"向前看"

它的字義轉化成"提供給未來之用"

 

providence,為什麼還有"天意"的概念呢

其實它是這樣來的,古代的基督教徒認為未來的事物是上帝所安排好的,

所以providence字根構成之義『在未來看到的東西』就是上帝的安排--天意的意思。

 

-vis系列-

provision    

n.提供  //  provide 的名詞型

n.臨時性的規定、條款

n.食物、糧食

 

provision-al   adj.臨時的、暫時性的 [providing or serving for the time being only]

provisory     adj.臨時的、暫時性的

                   adj.有附帶條件的

 

provision 除了有提供的意思外還有其他兩個意思

其一是臨時性的規定、條款

源於宗教開會討論時,所暫時同意的論點,意思是為了未來討論而暫時同意。

其二是特殊意,當食物解。

----------------------------------------

 

 

 

 

improvise

in-pro-vis-e   [沒有事前看過]

v.即興創作 [To invent, compose, or perform with little or no preparation.]

  ex. If an actor forgets his words, he has to improvise.

v.即興表演 [To play or sing (music) extemporaneously, especially by inventing variations on a melody or creating new melodies in accordance with a set progression of chords.]

 

ps. review p.193 c.f extemporize

"How To Improvise Piano Blues Part1 Piano Lesson...超酷!!"
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

improvised

in-pro-vis-ed

adj.即興創作的、表演的 [made or said without previous preparation]

 

 

 

 

 

improvident

in-provident   [not往未來看]

adj.無遠見的 [ not provident; lacking foresight]

  ex. Her improvident speech at the meeting has set a stone rolling.
  她在會上的發言缺乏遠見,已產生嚴重後果。

 

 

 

 

 

 

imprudent

in-prude-ent

adj.不謹慎的;輕率的[not prudent; lacking discretion, rash]

  ex. 就是那種"大而化之"的不謹慎的

  ex. My imprudent utterances incurred her displeasure.
  我的不謹慎的言論招致她的不悅。

 

ps.

prude

n.過分正經的人 [ One who is excessively concerned with being or appearing to be proper, modest, or righteous.]

  ex. 例如有些人看到男生打耳洞、或女生穿迷你裙就會覺得"不能接受",覺得一定要穿的像粽子一樣覺得適宜,另外對性過於保守,我們可以稱此種人為prude。

 

字源:  prude原來是指"wise woman",不過來到古代的法國,意思變成"過分正經的女人",引進到英國就變成現在的意思了"過分正經的"。

prude        n.過分正經的人

prudish    adj.過分正經的  [通常ish的形容詞有不較不好的意思]  

 

   prudent   adj. 謹慎小心的

imprudent   adj.不謹慎

----------------------------------------

 

 

 

 

 

 

impudent

in-pud-ent

adj.放肆無禮的 [Characterized by offensive boldness; insolent or impertinent.]

  ex. 比方說被個 impudent boy 掀裙子; 說話沒大沒小的 impudent student.

  ex. That impudent boy put his tongue out at me.

 

 

c.f

imprudent    adj.不謹慎的  [from  prude n.過分正經的人]

imp.udent    adj.放肆無禮的

 

把prude的r(牙齒)私自拿走是放肆無禮的

 

 

 

 

 

impugn

in-pugn(L. pugnāre; to fight)

v.[To attack as false or questionable; challenge in argument]

  ex. 如果你 impugn某個人動機、正直,你暗示著某人不是全然誠實的。

  ex. to impugn climate-change science based solely on what people wrote in an email.

 

字源:1325-75; ME impugnen < MF impugner < L impugnāre to attack, equiv. to im- im- 1 + pugnāre to fight, deriv. of pugnus fist

 

impugn <> champion  v.擁護;支持

 

 

ps.1

pugnacious

pugn(fight)-acious

adj.好爭吵的;好戰的 [inclined to quarrel or fight readily; quarrelsome; belligerent]

 

c.f.

impugn  --意近attack

impinge --意近strike

 

 

 

 

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