implode

in-(ex)plode

v. [to burst inward (opposed to explode ).]

 

ex.真空管爆炸時,因為內部是真空的,所以反而是往內縮。

 

 

 

 

 

 

implore

in-plore(L. plorare; cry)

v.懇求,哀求(邊哭邊求的那種) [to beg urgently or piteously, as for aid or mercy; beseech]

  ex. 病人已經回天乏術了,但家屬仍會implore醫師就好他。

  ex. implore forgiveness

 

 

字源:1500, from L. implorare "call for help, beseech," originally "invoke with weeping," from in- plōrāre "to weep, cry out."

 

字根
plore == flow out    (流出--有引申成cry out 流淚)

 

deplore   v.悲悼、痛惜[to feel or express deep grief for ]

                       (The class deplored the death of their teacher.)

 

implore   v.懇求[to beg urgently]      (implore forgiveness)

                [in=into,sb is into the state of flowing out tears for asking]

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impolitic

in-poli(Gk. polis;city)-tic(Gk. ikos)   [Gk. polis後來造出Gk. polites;citizen]

adj.不智的;失策的[Not wise or expedient; not politic]

  ex. an impolitic approach to a sensitive issue.
  對敏感問題處理不當。

 

ps. Gk. polis 還滿常見的唷

比方說 Acropolis就是指雅典的衛城

 

 

 

imponderable

in-ponder(weight; from pend)-able

adj.不可稱量估計的  [not ponderable; that cannot be precisely determined, measured, or evaluated.]

   ex. 比方說哪種藝術形式、生活方式比較好之類的,他們是imponderable。

   ex. such imponderable human factors as aesthetic sensibility.

   ex. imponderable mystery.
  
不可捉摸的神秘
 

 

ps.

ponder源於 L. ponderāre "weigh" akin to L.pendēre "to be suspended, hang"

意思是,ponder此字根當作重的意思,它是從pend"掛"發展而來的

 

 

 

 

 

import

in-port(carry)

v.進口 [To bring or carry in from an outside source, especially to bring in (goods or materials) from a foreign country for trade or sale.]

  ex. We import a lot of cars from Japan.
  我們從日本大量進口汽車。

n.進口

 

字源:port from L. portare"carry"

port還當可haven,gateway唷。

 

review
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字根port == carry 運送、帶   from L. portare                                                  

 

port  n.港  ex. airport

port-able   adj.可攜式的

 

disport         v.歡愉、取樂=amuse  [將自己運離工作] dis-做away解

deport          v.(將外國人、罪犯等)驅逐出境   de-做減去、除掉remove解

                   v.行為 = behave(古義、少見)

deportment    n.舉止=behavior

comport         v.表現[behave oneself in the specified way]  [ 搬運身體]

                              (he comports himself with modesty)

 

import     n/v.進口 

export     n/v.出口 

 

report     n/v.報導

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importune

v.強求;胡攪蠻纏 [To beset with insistent or repeated requests; entreat pressingly.]

 

Above all I do not wish to importune or compromise you.

I only want to love you to my last sight.

最重要的.我並不希望糾纏妳或讓你對我妥協

我只想愛著你直到闔眼

 

 

字源:importune這個字發展滿有趣的唷。

它可以拆成in-(op)portune(adj.適宜的),所以importune的原始意思帶有"不適宜的"。

我們先來看opportune; op(=ob; toward)-portune(L. portus;port,haven)。原來是指風朝向港口,這像歸航就方便多了,所以opportune有"適宜的"意思。

那importune就剛好相反,原來當作"不適宜的",後來意思變成"to make oneself troublesome",因此到現代有"強求;胡攪蠻纏"意思

 

importune:request

 

 

 

 

 

impose

in-pose(放;place)  [put burden on sb.]

v.加負擔於 [ to lay on or set as something to be endured]    

v.徵稅

  ex. The government imposed a heavy tax on luxury goods.
政府對奢侈品課以重稅。

 

 

imposing

impose-ing     [強加在人心裡的-->給人印象深刻的]

adj.給人印象深刻的  [very impressive because of great size, stately appearance, dignity, elegance, etc.]

  ex. an imposing skyscraper, Taipei 101.

 

 

imposter

in-post-er

n.冒充者  [a person who practices deception under an assumed character, identity, or name.]

  ex. Wait! That's not me. The King who sits on the throne is an imposter.

 

字構解釋:in-post-er(人) "進入他人的位置"-->冒充者

 

ps.《Imposer》(2002)
西元2079年,地球陷入星際戰役已達十年,軍事科學家史班塞致力研究外星武器,抵禦異形惡霸,眼看成果呼之慾出,卻天外飛來一宗誣告,指控他是外星間諜!於是,飽受愛戴的人類救星,情勢大逆轉淪為 全民公敵 ,他該如何洗刷冤屈,及時搶救地球?從虛擬想像到實境操練,變幻莫測的複製人未來,到底誰是本尊誰是分身?

 

 

 

 

 

imposture

in-post-ure

n.冒充 [the action or practice of imposing fraudulently upon others.]

  ex. The war, if we judge it by the standards of previous wars, is merely an imposture.
  按以前的戰爭標準來看,現在的戰爭完全是個冒充。

 

 

 

impoverish

in-pover(=poor)-ish

v.使貧窮 [To reduce to poverty; make poor.]

  ex. Her family was impoverished by a fire.
  她的家庭被一場火弄得一貧如洗。

  ex. Many gamblers impoverish themselves here.

 

ps.

poverty n.貧窮

poor      a.貧窮的

 

 

 

 

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