這邊是提供OG的範例,希望你先做一次後,然後跟example對比看看。

練習的時候,要錄音,如果你才剛開始練習,可以將你record的聽寫出來,

看看自己到底說了什麼,文法哪裡出錯了,有沒有完整性!

 

 

 

 

 

題目

some college students choose to take courses in a variety of subject areas in oorder to get a broad education. Ohers choose to focus on a single subject area in order to have a deeper undertanding of that area. Which approach to course selection do you think is better for students and why.

 

 

 

 

response 2-1 (high level)

 

This is kind of.. complicated question.

ehh I think it's important to know which ... ehh stage you are.

If you are hmm. hmm.. undergraduate student.

I would dather(rather) to take it, wide range to and wide variety of subjects and different areas.

... Because it .. would.. expend(extend) my knowledge.. would improve my understanding for different topics.

On the other hand, if I am a graduate student. I would datherd(rather) to take specific courses.

Because, if you know, ehh... when you are a graduate student, you are.. working and dealing with specific topic and therefore you have to focus.. 

(high level)

 

 

Rater's Comments

The speaker gives a thoughtful, sustained answer with ideas and reasons that progess logically.

He speaks fluently and demonstrates good control of grammar and voabulary, with only minor errors that do not obscure the meaning of his ideas.

The speaker very clearly states his opinion that the answer depends on whether you are an undergraduate or graudate student.

He continues by giving a detailed reason that supports each perspective.

 

 

重點整理:

Rater評論說

1. 話者持續說了45秒

2. 字彙控制地很好

3. 文法控制地很好 (雖然有文法小錯誤,但沒有影響句意)

4. 使用specific detail

5. 清楚地、邏輯地發展ideas

 

重點與no.1是完全是一樣的,所以就不在重複分析了。

在這邊要提的是,這位speaker並沒有完全agree或完全disagree

你可以看到ETS對於立場是沒有限制的,

因此你可以選擇比較好講的一方論述,也可以兩邊都講。

 

 

 

 

 

response 2-2 (low level)

 

...hmm

I think it's better to.. focus on.. single subject area.

ahmm.. so that can have a deeper understanding of that area and I can be a profession about that.. topic or whatever the.. the.. the course I am taking.

And... It's..foo(good).

For me it's easier to to.. concen..trate on one thing.

And most people will be easier if they concentrate on one thing.

And it depends .. but I prefer..for.. studying on the ,full courses of the single object..ahh..subject.

..

So that is

(78 words, low level)

 

 

Rater's Comments

Although the speaker's pronunciation is clear, his pace is slow and irregular.

The clearest parts of his speech are words that he has taken from the prompt of the question.

He demonstrates very limited vocabulary.

His thoughts are understandable at the sentence level, but there are very few connections between sentences.

Such connections would help listeners to understand what is being said or enable them to predict what will likely come next.

The opinion is stated in the begining. However, he frequently use words from the prompt and repeats the same idea throughtout the response.

 

重點整理:

Rater評論說

1. (話者沒有持續說了45秒)

2. 字彙使用上非常有限,且外重複使用題目的字太嚴重。

3. (文法上錯誤使意思難以理解)

4. (沒使用specific detail)

5. 句子可以可以讓人聽懂,但是句子與句子間卻跳耀很大,沒什麼邏輯性。

 

這位speaker被評價為 low

 

(1) 沒有持續45秒

先對流暢度方面來看,

可以發現他非常的不流暢,斷斷續續的,

Rater特別指出這位speaker的速度很慢、且不規則,

重點就是--會讓人聽不清楚、聽不懂

比方說concentrate 它變成兩個音 concen... trade

 

(2) 有限的字彙

字彙的使用上非常有限,很明顯的一點,就是speaker常常出現,要說卻說不出來的問題。

Rater也批判說,speaker表達最清楚的部份,就是題目的文字。

可以知道光只念題目、複頌題目,是對整體的表現無益的,

 

(3) 文法上的問題

很多文法上的錯誤,這並不是小錯誤,而是會影響語意的錯誤,

比方說ahmm.. so that can have a deeper understanding

應該是 so that I can have a deeper understanding.

 

(4) 沒有specific detail

雖然這位speaker很想表達他自己的例子,

但他說的太general了

 

(5) 句子間沒有邏輯性

我翻譯一下他想說的話,

「我覺得專注在單一學科的領域是比較好的。

因此我可以有對於那領域更深的瞭解,

我也可以成為一個關於那個主題的專業人士,或者不管我正在上什麼課...

這滿好的。

對我來說,是比較容易專注於一件事。

同時幾乎所有的人都會比較容易的,如果他們專注於一件事。

他依賴... 但是我偏好..研究於單一學科的全部的課程

因此...」

簡單的來說,他漏掉了一些該講的環節,

因此使他的聽者,搞不清楚他想表達的整體想法。

 

 


 

 

結語:

no. 2的要點與no. 1的相同

流暢度:對於想講的內容,可以找到適當的單字、文法來表達,而不是吱吱嗚嗚地講不出來。

內容發展完整、有邏輯 :建構你的內容,且不要confuse聽者。

舉例、論述細節:要講出detail

 

你可以用hmm..來告訴聽者,這個句字還在進行中,而不是句點了。

而腔調並不是問題,只要能讓人聽懂都可以,

一點小錯誤沒關係,指要不影響語意就可以了。

不用特意是用很難的句型結構、或者是高深的單字。

 

你可以同時講agree 與 disagree的論點

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