defeatist

defeat(v.擊敗)-ist

n. 失敗主義者 [a person who surrenders easily or is subject to defeatism.]

ps. feat n.武藝;功績 [from fact做]

ps. defeatist:resigned 失敗主義者是聽天由命的

 

 

 

 

 

defect

de-fect(fact)

n.缺點,缺陷 [a shortcoming, fault, or imperfection]

ex. a defect in an argument; a defect in a machine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

deficiency

de-fic-i-ency

n.不足 [the amount lacked; a deficit.]

ex. a nutritional deficiency.

n.缺陷 [incompleteness or inadequacy.]

deficiency <>  surfeit  n.過食;過度

 

 

 

 

 

 

deficit

n.不足額;赤字 [ the amount by which a sum of money falls short of the required amount.]

ex. budget deficits.

 

 

 

 

 

 

defense & defend & defendant

defense

n.防禦

 

 

defend

v.防禦

 

 

defendant

defend(v.防禦)-ant

n.【律】被告

ps. plaintiff n.【律】起訴人,原告 pain

 

 

 

 

 

defer   v.推遲、延期[to put off action; delay] // deferment n.延期
    (to defer her departure for two days.) 此意中的de用的是dis解  
    v.聽從、順從[to yield respectfully in judgment or opinion] // deference n.順從
    (I defer to my parents because they are older and wiser.) // deferential a.順從的
       
defy   v.反抗、向...挑戰 [to challenge the power of] // defiance n.反抗、挑戰
    (He defied the order of the court.)  
       
       
deter   v.嚇住、使斷念 [to discourage or restrain from acting ]  
    (Failure did not deter him from trying again.)  
    ps. ter(terr)=frighten ex.terror n.恐怖  

 

 

 

 

 

 

defile

de-file(vile)

v.弄髒,玷污

n.(山間)隘道

ex.defile:narrowness
小道特點是狹窄

 

 

 

 

define &  defined &

definite
definitive
definition

define

de-fin(end)-e

v.解釋,給...下定義 [To state the precise meaning of (a word or sense of a word, for example).]

 

 

defined

define-d

adj.輪廓分明的;清晰的

 

 

definite

define-ite

adj.明確的,確切的 [Having distinct limits: definite restrictions on the sale of alcohol.]

ps. definitely

 

Usage Note : Definite and definitive both apply to what is precisely defined or explicitly set forth. But definitive most often refers specifically to a judgment or description that serves as a standard or reference point for others, as in the definitive decision of the court (which sets forth a final resolution of a judicial matter) or the definitive biography of Nelson (that is, the biography that sets the standard against which all other accounts of Nelson's life must be measured).

 

 

 

definitive

definite-ive

adj.決定性的 (成為最後的解決辦法)

adj.明確的;權威的 [most reliable or complete]

ex. the definitive biography of Bill Gates.

ex. definitive <> provisional 臨時的

 

 

 

 

definition

definte-ion

n.定義

n.(輪廓等的)清晰  or 解析度 ex. HD = High Definition

 

Batman - The Dark Knight Movie Trailer HD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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