decent & decency

decent

adj.體面的;合乎禮儀的 [conforming to the recognized standard of propriety]

 

 

 

 

decency

n.體面;合乎禮儀

 

 

 

 

 

deception

n.欺騙=deceit

  ex. camouflage:deception 偽裝是為了欺騙

 

 

 

 

 

 

decibel

n.分貝(聲音強度單位)

 

 

 

 

 

deciduous

de(down)-cid(cad)-uous

adj.落葉性的    [shedding the leaves annually, as certain trees and shrubs.]

adj.非永久性的 [not permanent; transitory.]

 

ex. deciduous tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

decimate

decim(=deci;十分之一)-ate

v.成批殺死 [to destroy a great number or proportion of]

  ex. The population was decimated by a plague.

 

Decimate originally referred to the killing of every tenth person, a punishment used in the Roman army for mutinous legions.

Today this meaning is commonly extended to include the killing of any large proportion of a group.

 

ps.

decimal adj.十進位的;小數的

 

 

 

 

 

 

decipher

de-cipher(n.密碼)

v.破解(密碼等);解釋(古代文字等)

   ex. decipher:hieroglyph=break:code
  解讀象形文字=破譯編碼

 

 

ps.

cipher

n.密碼 a message written in cipher

n.零

n.無價值的東西 He's a mere cipher in the company.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

declaim

de(down)-claim(喊)

v.慷慨激昂地發表(演說等) [to speak aloud in an oratorical manner]

 

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claim       v/n. (根據權利)要求、主張

 

acclaim    v. 歡呼、喝采(熱情地、公開地) [acclaim the winner of a race]

 

declaim   v.演說或朗誦(慷慨激昂地)                  [向下喊-->演說]

disclaim   v.放棄權利、拒絕承認(與別人的關係)     [宣稱claim 分離dis-->放棄] 

               (she disclaimed the ownership of the car)

 

exclaim     v.驚叫、呼喊 (因疼痛、憤怒、驚奇) ; exclamation mark

 

proclaim    v.宣告、公佈  [to announce in an official or formal manner]

                 (proclaim a public holiday)       

 

reclaim     v.開墾土地 [喚回=reclaim,有call or bring sth. back 的意味存在]

                             [to bring uncultivated areas into a condition for cultivation or other use]

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declamation

n.慷慨激昂地的演說

 

 

 

 

decline

de-cline(傾斜)

v.婉拒 [To express polite refusal.]

v.下降,下跌 [To slope downward; descend.]

 

  ps. incline v.傾斜

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

decode

v.解碼

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

decompose

de-compose(v.組成)

v.分解、使腐爛 [ to separate or resolve into constituent parts or elements]

  ex. The bacteria decomposed the milk into its solid and liquid elements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

decomposition

de-composition

n.分解、使腐爛

 

bacteria:decomposition=yeast:fermentation
細菌有分解的作用=酵母有發酵的作用

 

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depose      v.免職、作證、沉澱   / pose       n.姿勢   v.擺姿勢

deposition  n.免職、作證、沉澱   / position   n.位置、職位

 

deposit     n/v.存款、押金、沉澱 / posit      v.安置、斷定

       [ to place or assume as a fact]

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de-compose      v.分解、使腐爛

 

de-composition   n.分解、使腐爛

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