n. [an official who is responsible for managing and protecting an area of forest; the keeper of a British royal park or forest ]

n. [member of a body of armed mounted men acting as police, eg in thinly populated areas ]




range [ connected line or row of mountains, hills, etc ]

a mountain-range 山脈


power rangers intro









v. [to continue to cause keen irritation or bitter resentment within the mind]

ex. This experience had evidently rankled in his mind for more than seventy years.


ps. ankle and rankle

Teoh's death continues to rankle

Although it's been seven days since the tragic death of political aide Teoh Beng Hock, public outrage has not abated as demonstrated at a gathering in Kuala Lumpur last night.









n. [a consideration paid or demanded for the release of someone or something from captivity ]

ex. pay ransom to the kidnappers.

ex. The unions are holding the country for ransom, eg by a national strike. 工會正在挾制國家以逼迫政府讓步

v. [to free from captivity or punishment by paying a price ]


ps.1 Julius Caesar was captured by pirates near the island of Pharmacusa, and held until someone paid 50 talents to free him.


ps.2 redeem








v. [ speak loudly, violently or theatrically ]

ps. to rant and rave









adj.貪婪的 [If you describe a person or their behaviour as rapacious, you disapprove of their greedy or selfish behaviour]

ex. Faster growth meant India's appetite for fossil fuels grew ever more rapacious.






字根 rap rav == snatch 抓住 、搶奪


rap e   v.強姦、搶劫
rap acious   adj.強奪的、貪婪的
rap scal lion   n.流氓(小混混、不誠實沒道德的人)




rapt   a.著迷的,狂喜的 [已經被美女擄獲走心靈]
rapt ure   n.著迷、狂喜 ex. He fell into raptures over classic music.
en rapt ure   v.使著迷,使狂喜


rav ish   v.迷人、使銷魂  [帶有點邪氣的那種迷人]   v.強姦
rav ishing   a.迷人的、使銷魂的 ex. jewels of ravishing beauty



rav en   n.大烏鴉 v.狼吞虎嚥地吃
rav enous   a.狼吞虎嚥的、餓極了
rav age   v.使荒蕪、毀壞  n.荒蕪







adj.全神貫注的 [so intent or absorbed that one is unaware of other things]

ex. He listened to the music with rapt attention . 他屏氣凝神地聽著音樂.









n. [Rapids are a section of a river where the water moves very fast, often over rocks. ]








rapport /raˈpɔː/

n.和諧良好的關係 [relation marked by harmony, conformity, accord, or affinity]

ps. have rapport with someone.

ex. The actor developed a close rapport with his audience.


Etymology: from re- "again" + apporter "to bring, carry"







rapprochement (raprɔʃmɑ̃)


n. [renewal of friendly relations, esp between countries ]

ps. A closer approach of two groups to each other. Rapprochement , a French term, is often applied to two nations, especially ones that become reconciled after relations between them have worsened.

ex. USA and Japan.







rarefaction /ˌrɛrǝˈfækʃǝn/


n.稀薄化 [the action or process of rarefying ]


wiki: A natural example of rarefaction is in the layers of Earth's atmosphere. Because what constitutes the atmosphere has mass, most of the atmospheric matter will be nearer to the Earth. Therefore, air at higher layers of the atmosphere is less dense, or is rarefied, in relation to air at lower layers.









adj. [If someone has a raspy voice, they make rough sounds as if they have a sore throat ]

ex. Mr. Weinberg's insistent, raspy voice has fallen suddenly silent.


Singers with Raspy Voices



ps. rasp

How to Build a Flatbow: Rasp Technique





"You Are So Beautiful" is a song written by Billy Preston and Bruce Fisher and Dennis Wilson of The Beach Boys. It was first recorded by Preston and made popular in a version by Joe Cocker .

You are so beautiful

Can't you see?

You're everything I hoped for,

You're everything I need,

You are so beautiful to me.


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