adj. [happening, arriving, existing, or performed before the proper, usual, or intended time]

ex. the special care of premature babies 對早產嬰兒的特別護理

ex. premature baldness 早禿

c.f. precocious







pre-meditate (review p.306)

v.預謀 (於被動語態) [to meditate, consider, or plan beforehand]

ex. a premeditated attack, murder

Premeditation indicates a greater degree of moral culpability because the killing takes place "with malice aforethought." The killer makes a conscious choice to plan and carry out an act that defies the universal moral law.








<> offhand (p.331)







n. 首次公演 [first public performance of (a production of) a play or showing of a film; first night ]


字源:1889, "first performance of a play," from Fr. première,  in phrase première représentation,  from fem. of O.Fr. premier  "first" (see premier).


Lady Gaga's World Premiere Performance of 'Judas'

ps. Adobe Premiere Pro is a  video editing software application.







n.  前提; 假定 [statement or idea on which reasoning is based]

ex. Advice to investors was based on the premise that interest rates would continue to fall. 給予投資者的建議是以利率將繼續下降這一點為前提的.


ps. 在邏輯學中 inference是個專有名詞,the process of deriving the strict logical consequences of assumed premises.


Argument    等腰三角形的內角和=180度


Premise       前提:三角形的內角和是180度

Inference    推論:等腰三角形是三角形

Conclusion   結論:等腰三角形的內角和=180度 (結論若等於主張就QED了)





n. [additional payment, bonus]

ex. You have to pay a premium for express delivery. 你得支付特快投遞的補加費用

n.保險費 [amount or installment (to be) regularly paid for an insurance policy ]

n. from wiki: Premium (marketing), a promotional item that can be received for a small fee when redeeming proofs of purchase that come with or on retail products.


adj. [of exceptional quality or greater value than others of its kind; superior]

ex. a wine made of premium grapes.

ex. Windows 7 home premium


字源:1600, "reward given for a specific act," from L. præmium "reward, profit derived from booty(掠奪物 )," from præ- "before" + emere "to buy," originally "to take" (see exempt). Insurance sense is 1660s, from It. premio . Adj. sense of "superior in quality" is first attested 1928, originally in reference to a grade of motor fuel.







pre-monit(monit; past participle of monēre "to warn")-ion

n. [a feeling of anticipation of or anxiety over a future event]

ex. He had a vague premonition of danger.




epressed housewife learns her husband was killed in a car accident the day previously, awakens the next morning to find him alive and well at home, and then awakens the next day after to a world in which he is still dead.





preoccupied /*我改了個字介紹*/


adj.一心一意的, 出神的

Judge Judy: "I Don't Understand the Preoccupation With Gays Being Permitted to Marry"

Judge Judy speaks out that there are a lot more important things to be concerned about than stopping Gay Marriage









v. 佔優勢  [be greater in influence, importance, quantity, etc (than sth else) ](fml)

ex. Christians preponderate in the population of that part of the country. 基督教徒在該國那一地區的人口中居多.








n.介係詞 [a word or group of words used before a noun or pronoun to relate it grammatically or semantically to some other constituent of a sentence]


Grammar Rock Preposition








    xination 發表在 痞客邦 留言(2) 人氣()