mettle

n.勇氣、鬥志 [courage and fortitude]

ex. troops who showed their mettle in combat.

字源:mettle是「metal」的變體,是後來人為了文學上的用法改寫的,mettle採取了金屬在於 形象上 的用法,ex.鋼鐵搬的意志,常被解釋作為勇氣、鬥志

 

review p.305

metal n.金屬 mettle n.勇氣、鬥志
medal n.獎牌 nettle n.咬人貓  v.使苦惱

 

 

 

 

 

 

mettlesome

mettle-some

adj.勇敢的 [spirited; courageous.]

ex. In the chilly autumn wind, the soldiers set out with a mettlesome and handsome bearing.
秋風颯颯中,戰士們英姿勃發地出發了。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

microbe

micro-be(=bio; life)

n.微生物;(尤指引起疾病的)細菌 [ A minute life form; a microorganism, especially a bacterium that causes disease. Not in technical use.]

 

聯想:be 當不及物動詞時的意思為存在,所以micro+be就是小小的存在。

 

 

 

 

 

 

microorganism

mirco-organism

n. 微生物 [any organism too small to be viewed by the unaided eye, as bacteria, protozoa, and some fungi and algae.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

microscope

mirco-scope

n. 顯微鏡 [an optical instrument having a magnifying lens or a combination of lenses for inspecting objects too small to be seen or too small to be seen distinctly and in detail by the unaided eye.]

microscope:small=telescope:distant

 

 

 

 

 

 

microscopic

micro-scope-ic

adj.只能從顯微鏡裡看到的 [so small as to be invisible or indistinct without the use of the microscope ]

ex. microscopic organisms

adj.顯微鏡的 [of, pertaining to, or involving a microscope]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

miff

n.小爭執 [A petty quarrel or argument; a tiff. ]

note: miff是比較現今中較少用的字彙,其中當小爭執的字義是較古老的用法,現在會多用於做動詞型,使惱怒。

v.使惱怒  [Annoy] (2015 update)

ex. My teacher seems be miffed by these naughty boys .

 

程度 tiff < squabble <quarrel、dispute

字源:tiff 與 miff是擬聲詞,就類似在爭吵時你「哼」了

 

 

 

 

 

 

mighty

adj.強大的;強有力的 [showing superior power or strength]

ex. mighty God

ex. Once a mighty empire ruled the world.
一個強大的帝國曾統治世界。

 

 

 

 

 

 

migratory /'maɪgrətɔrɪ/

migrate-ory

adj.遷移的  [Traveling from one place to another at regular times of year, often over long distances. Salmon, whales, and swallows are all migratory animals.]

ex. Many migratory birds visit this lake annually.
許多候鳥每年都來這個湖作短期逗留。

 

 

 

 

 

milestone

mile-stone

n.里程碑 [a stone functioning as a milepost.]

n.劃時代的事件 [a significant event or stage in the life, progress, development, or the like of a person, nation, etc]

ex. Her getting the job of supervisor was a milestone in her career.

ps. 就像你會在高速公路上,看到到XX還有幾公里的牌子,古代人只是利用石頭做而已,所以叫milestone.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

militia /məˋlɪʃə/

milit(soldier)-ia

n. 民兵 [An army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers.]

 

ps. military [milit-ary] n.軍隊、陸軍

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mill

n.磨坊 [A building equipped with machinery for grinding grain into flour or meal.]

ps. windmill r

v.將...磨成粉 [To grind, pulverize , or break down into smaller particles in a mill.]

ex.  mill the grain into flour.

mill:grain=forge:metal
磨房加工穀物=鐵匠鋪加工金屬

 

 

 

 

 

 

mime

n. 啞劇 [The art of portraying characters and acting out situations or a narrative by gestures and body movement without the use of words; pantomime .]

n. [An actor or actress skilled in pantomime.]

v. [To ridicule by imitation; mimic.]

 

charade:word=mime:stories
猜字遊戲通過 動作 來表現字=啞劇通過 動作 來表現故事

 

 

 

 

 

 

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