ineluctable

in-eluct(~elude)-able

adj.無法逃避的 [incapable of being evaded; inescapable]

  ex. an ineluctable destiny.

  ex. bear his ineluctable fate with equanimity(心平氣和).

 

ps. ineluctable 是個很正式的、文謅謅的字,一般的時候用inescapable, inevitable, unavoidable就可以了。

 

聯想:把in-eluct-able中的 eluct想成是elude(逃避)就很好記了。

字源:其實eluct是來自ē+luctārī (wrestle),跟elude的字根lud(play)是不樣的意思的唷。

 

 

 

inept

adj.不勝任的 [without skill or aptitude for a particular task or assignment]

  ex. He is inept at computer work.

adj.笨拙的

 

字源:L. ineptus : in(not)- aptus (suitable)

 

字根 apt == fit; suitable

aptitude  n.適宜、才能

adapt      v.使適應

adept   adj.老練的[ə'dept]

 

 

 

ineptitude

in-apt-itude

n.不勝任

n.笨拙

  ex. They joked about his ineptitude.

ineptitude <> bent n.天分

 

 

 

 

inequity

in-equ-ity

n.不公平 [lack of equity; unfairness]

  ex. inequality(不均等) is not inequity(不公平).

  ex. An inequity in salaries is an obvious drawback in the industry.

 

ps.

equity    n.公平

equality n.均等

 

inequity:redistribution

 

 

 

inert

in-ert(art;skill)

adj.遲緩的;無生氣的 [Sluggish in action or motion; lethargic]

  ex. He covered the inert body with a blanket.

adj.【化】惰性的

  ex. inert gas:He(Helium), Ne(Neon) ,Ar ,kr ,Xe ,Rn

 

字源:1640-50;  L. inert unskillful, in-ert (from art)skill

 

 

 

 

inertia

n.【物】慣性 [ Physics the property of matter by which it retains its state of rest or its velocity along a straight line so long as it is not acted upon by an external force.]

  ps."慣性"就是指物體的一種特性;在沒有受外力的情況下,物體不就是靜止的,不然就會以直線等速運動。

n.不活動;遲鈍 [inertness, esp. with regard to effort, motion, action,]

 

字源:inertia這個字,最先是由Newton所造出來的唷,只是把inert後面加個字尾ia就出生了,ia是個來自希臘語的字尾,是個名詞尾。

 

inertia <> tendency to change motion

 

 

 

 

inexhaustible

in(not)-exhaust-ible

adj.用之不竭的 [not exhaustible; incapable of being depleted]

  ex. Thank you for your inexhaustible love.

  ex. The wealth of her graces was inexhaustible.
  她那優美的風度千姿百態

 

 

 

inexorable

in-ex-ora(pray)-able

adj.無動於衷的;毫不寬容的 [ Not capable of being persuaded by entreaty; relentless]

  ps. 簡單的說,inexorable就是"說不動的",像老媽可能會老爸說「你這個 inexorable stupid man, 叫你幫我倒個垃圾也在那邊拖」

  ex. In its quiet way, mass advertising has been deadly and inexorable.

 

字源:其中的字根ora原始的意思是pray(禱告)的意思,不過也當"speak"。

 

ps.

oral      a.口頭的

oracle    n.神諭

oration  n.演說

[嚴格來說oral的字源與這邊不同,它來自mouth,而不是speak]

 

 

 

 

 

inexplicable

in-ex-plic(fold)-able

adj.無法說明的 [incapable of being accounted for or explained.]

  ex. inexplicable lucky.

 

review p.192

explicate

ex-plic(fold)-ate [把折打開-->說請楚]

v.詳細說明

 

explicit

ex-plic(fold)-it

adj.詳盡的;清楚的 adj.成形的

 

 

 

 

infant

n.嬰幼兒 [a child during the earliest period of its life, esp. before he or she can walk; baby.]

  ps. 還不會走路的baby叫infant

 

 

 

infantile

infant-ile

adj.嬰兒的 [Of or relating to infants or infancy.]

  ex. Infantile psychology
  兒童心理

adj.幼稚的 [Displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity; childish]

 

 

ps.-ile字尾是個形容詞的字尾,帶有"能夠;capable"的意味在。

 

 

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