incredulity

in-cred(believe)-ul-ity

n.不輕信;懷疑  [ inability or unwillingness to believe.]

  ex. everyone in the room regards her with incredulity.
  屋裡所有的人不可置信的望著她

 

review
----------------------------------------

字根 cred == believe

credence n.相信 [acceptance as true or valid; belief]

credent   a.[古]令人相信的 [believing]      (現在用credible)

 

credentials  n.憑據;證書 [evidence of authority, status, rights]

 

 

credit          n.信用  n.經濟上的信譽(credit card)   n.榮譽

creditable   a.可信的 [Worthy of belief]

                 a.值得稱讚的 [deserving credit, honor]

 

credo  n.宗教信條 =creed

creed  n.宗教信條

 

  credulity  n.輕信,易受騙[trust too readily] // credulous  adj.輕信的,易受騙的

incredulity  n.不輕信;懷疑                       // incredulous adj.不輕信的;懷疑的

 

discredit  v.不信,懷疑  [destroy confidence in]

             v.使丟臉;敗壞...的名聲 [to injure the credit or reputation of]

             n. 敗壞名聲的人(或事)

----------------------------------------

 

 

 

 

increment

in-cre(grow)-ment

n.增加量 [something added or gained; addition]

n.增加 [The process of increasing in number, size, quantity, or extent.]

  ex. This curiosity has increased with every increment in our knowledge.

 

ps.

increase v.增大;增加

accrete   v.慢慢生長

 

 

 

 

incriminate

in-crimin(crime)-ate

v.控告 [to accuse of or present proof of a crime or fault]

  ex. to incriminate an innocent person.

  ex. no person can be forced to give evidence which may incriminate himself.
  任何人不得被迫自認其罪

v.牽連有罪 [to involve in an accusation; cause to be or appear to be guilty; implicate]

  ex. I'd incriminate myself as well as you.
  我就會把自己和你都牽連進去。

 

  incriminate <> exonerate  v.免除;證明無罪

 

 

 

inculpate

in-culp(fault)-ate

v.控告 [to charge with fault; incriminate.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

incubate

in-cub-ate

v.孵卵  [To sit on (eggs) to provide heat, so as to promote embryonic development and the hatching of young; brood.]

  ex. The birds returned to their nests and continued to incubate the eggs.

  ex. incubate germs in a laboratory.

v.醞釀;逐漸發展 [To form or consider slowly and protectively, as if hatching]

  ex. to incubate the idea.

 

  字源:in-cub(āre) to sit, lie down + -ātus -ate

  ps.1 incumbent 等等就會講到

  ps.2 cub n.幼獸 

 

 

 

 

incubator

in-cub-ator

n.孵卵器 [an apparatus in which eggs are hatched artificially.]

n.早產兒保育器 [an enclosed apparatus in which prematurely born infants are kept in controlled conditions, as of temperature, for protection and care.]

n.細菌培養器

 

 

 

 

 

 

incubus

in-cub(lie down,sit)-us

n.他是一種想像的男妖(應該是男的吧,不知道demon有性別嗎?),他會與熟睡的女子性交  [an imaginary demon or evil spirit supposed to descend upon sleeping persons, esp. one fabled to have sexual intercourse with women during their sleep]

 

  ps. 也有會與熟睡的男子性交的evil spirit唷,它叫做succubus.

 

 

 

 

 

 

incumbent

in-cumb(lie down)-ent

adj.現任的(行政部門或教會中的 ) [holding an indicated position, role, office, etc., currently]

  ex. the incumbent officers of the club.

n.現任者,在職者

 

 

 

 

inculcate

in-culc-ate

v.孜孜不倦的教誨  [To impress (something) upon the mind of another by frequent instruction or repetition; instill]

  ex. to inculcate young men with patriotism.

 

聯想:不妨把culc想成 culture,讓culture come in = 教誨

字源:inculcate的 culc來自L. calcare "to tread, press in,而它的源頭跟heel(腳後跟)有關唷,xination推論意像是指用heel來採壓的形象,借用到教人道理上。

 

 

 

 

 

incur

in-cur(run)   [跑進去某個不好的情況]

v.招惹(通常是指得到不好的東西) [To acquire or come into (something usually undesirable)]

  ex. incur a debt

  ex. incur a person's displeasure

v.變成有責任於..XXX [To become liable or subject to as a result of one's actions; bring upon oneself]

  ex. An enterprise has to incur certain costs and expenses in order to stay in business.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

創作者介紹
創作者 xination 的頭像
xination

倫倫的小blog

xination 發表在 痞客邦 留言(1) 人氣()