illegal

in-legal    [leg(law)-al]

adj.不合法的;違法的(被法律禁止的)  [forbidden by law or statute.]

  ex. Terminating pregnancy is illegal in this country.
  墮胎在這個國家是違法的。

 

 

 

 

illegitimate

in-legitim-ate

adj.私生的  [ born of parents who are not married to each other]

  ex. an illegitimate child
  私生子

adj.不合法的;違法的 [ unlawful; illegal]

  ex. illegitimate use of public funds.

 

ps.

legitim 此字是個法律上的用語,指的是"小孩或可以拿到的部分財產"。

legitim來自 L. legitima legi=law, -tima是個suffix

 

legitimate

adj. [born in wedlock or of legally married parents]

  ex. He is the legitimate heir to the property.
  他是這宗財產的合法繼承人。

adj.合法的 [ according to law; lawful]

 

 

 

 

 

 

illicit

in-licit

adj.非法的,不法的 [Not sanctioned by custom or law]

 

ps.

illicit 也是指非法的意思,差別在於,它的字義可以包含的更廣,不僅可以指法律上的,也可以指風俗上的。

比方說 illicit love affairs "非法愛的事物"-->偷情

 

licit 本身是指"合法的",它來自L. licite lic(=leg;law)-ite

 

 

 

 

 

字根leg特輯

 

**leg == law 法律 (ps.leg 還有appoint的意思 或是 字根lect的變化型)

 

legal           adj.合法的

legitimate    adj.合法的 (可以用在繼承權上) 

 

legisl-ate      v.制定法律 [enact laws]

legisl-ation    n.制定法律

legisl-ature    n.立法機關

 

al-legi-ance    n.忠誠 [lawful-->faithful]

 

[特] litigation  n.訴訟      lit    +    ig  +  ation.
                             (lawsuit)   (do)      n.

 

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illiterate     / ɪˋlɪtərət/

in-liter(letter;文字)-ate

adj.不會讀寫的 [ unable to read and write]

  ex. Being illiterate,he had to learn the stories by heart.
  由於不識字,這些故事他都得背下來。

adj.未受教育的;知識淺陋的 [showing lack of culture, esp. in language and literature.]

 

 

 

字根liter == letter 文字

 

liter-al     adj.照字面的、逐字的

                                                                       il-liter-acy   n.文盲
liter-ate       a.能讀寫的、受過教育的 (有文學知識的) //  il-liter-ate    a.不會讀寫的

liter-ature     n.文學

 

liter-ary        n.文人[-ary 為集合名詞] adj.文學的

liter-atus      n.文人、學者  // liter-ati 複數

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illuminate

in-lumin(light)-ate

v.照亮 [ to supply or brighten with light; light up.]

v.闡明 [ To make understandable; clarify]

  ex. even wrong guesses illuminate the problem.

ps.

lumen 光的能量單位

1 lumen = 1/683 Watt [焦耳/秒]

 

 

 

 

illuminati

in-lumin-ati

n.光明會之會員 [Any of various groups claiming special religious enlightenment.]

 

ps.1 illuminati來自L. illuminatus, "enlightened"的意思。

光明會可以指某些宗教團體,從古代到現代有很多團體都稱呼過是光明會,它通常是種秘密的組織。Dan Brown的小說《Angels & Demons》裡面就是敘述光明會的小說(ps.誰是Dan Brown...就是小說《達文西密碼》的作者)

passward:123

ps.2 雙像圖

 

illuminati:instruct
先覺者指導

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

illusion

in-lus(play)-ion

n.幻覺;假象 [something that deceives by producing a false or misleading impression of reality.]

n. [Psychology. a perception, as of visual stimuli (optical illusion), that represents what is perceived in a way different from the way it is in reality.]

 

廣義來說,illusion, hallucination, delusion都是幻覺;假象。若要細分的話,

* illusion是指大腦正常的運作下,曲解我們的感覺,是一般人都會有情況。

     ex.PTT上的簽名檔 一十大女支三金一十大女支三金一十大女支三金一十大女

* hallucination是指在神智清醒時,沒有外來的刺激,可以會聽覺、視覺的情況。

* delusion是指像偏執狂、狂熱分子的那種"false belief"

 

 

 

 

 

illusive

in-lus(play)-ive

adj.幻覺的;假象的 = illusory

  ex. illusive hopes of of finding a better job.

 

 

 

 

illusory

in-lus(play)-ory

adj.幻覺的;假象的 [causing illusion; deceptive; misleading.]

  ex. But the tranquillity was illusory.

 

 

 

 

 

illustrate

in-luster(n.光澤)-ate  [使東西有光澤]

v.說明 (用圖,實例等) [to furnish (a book, magazine, etc.) with drawings, pictures, or other artwork intended for explanation, elucidation, or adornment.]

  ex. The teacher illustrated his lesson with pictures.
  這位教師用圖片來講解課文。

 

ps. Adobe illustrator 向量繪畫的軟體---應用於製作插圖、廣告小冊子

illustrate:pictures
用圖說明用圖畫

 

 

 

 

 

imbibe

in-bibe

v.喝 [ drink]

  ex. Barley grains imbibe water.
  大麥粒在水中吸漲。

v.吸收,接受(ex.思想,知識) [To absorb or take in as if by drinking]

  ex. imbibe fresh air, knowledge

  ex. imbibe and appreciate a country's culture

 

聯想:in + pipe(管子) :"進到管子中"-->吸收

 

 

 

 

 

 

imbue

v.灌輸;深深影響 [To inspire or influence thoroughly; pervade]

  ex. to imbue a mind with patriotism
  將愛國心灌輸進人心

  ex. The wonderful lecture imbues the students with awesome respect to physics and nature. (2014 add)

  ex. The recent economic prediction imbues investors with optimism. (2014 add)

v.滲透 [To permeate or saturate.]

 

音:input -->灌輸

 

 

 

 

imbroglio    /ɪmˋbroljo/

in-brogilo(mix)

n.複雜的情況 [A difficult or intricate situation; an entanglement.]

  ex. The film is according to relation imbroglio between several adolescent students and teachers.

  ex. emotional/love imbroglio between A and B. (曖昧關係)

 

聯想: embroil v.刺繡 --> imbroglio n.複雜的情況

 

 

 

 

 

imitate     /imitate/

imit(copy)-ate

v.模仿 [To copy the actions, appearance, mannerisms, or speech of;]

  ex. I wish you would imitate your brother a little more.
  我希望你多學學你的兄弟。

 

字源:1525-35; < L imitātus ptp. of imitārī to copy, presumably a freq. akin to the base of imāgō image

 

 

 

imitation

imitate-ion

n.模仿 [The act or an instance of imitating.]

n.複製品/仿製品 [Something derived or copied from an original.]

  ex. The paint is an imitation of the one in the museum.

 

 

 

 

 

imitative    /imitative/

imit(copy)-ative

adj.模仿的 [imitating; copying; given to imitation]

  ex. acting is an imitative art
  演戲是模仿的藝術

  ex. Monkeys are imitative.
  猴子愛學樣。

adj.複製的/仿製的

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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