hyperactive

hyper(over)-active

adj.活動過度的; 活動亢進的 [ unusually or abnormally active]

  ex. a hyperactive thyroid gland.
  分泌過多的甲狀腺

 

ps. hyper 與 hypo都是來自希臘的字根

hyper- == over

hypo- == under

 

 

 

 

hyperactivity

hyper-activity

n.活動過度; 活動亢進 [the condition of being hyperactive.]

  ex. attention deficit hyperactivity disorder 
  注意力不足過動症

 

 

 

hyperbole

hyper(over)-bole(throw)

n.誇張的語句 [obvious and intentional exaggeration.]

n.誇張法 [ A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect, as in I could sleep for a year]

 

exaggerated:hyperbole

 

 

 

 

 

hyperbola

hyper(over)-bola(從bole變化而來)

n.雙曲線  ex. x2/a2y2/b2 = ±1.

 

 

 

 

hyperbolic

hyper-bola-ic

adj.雙曲線的

adj.誇張的

 

 

 

 

 

hypertension

hyper(over)-tens(stretch)-ion

n.過度緊張 [excessive or extreme emotional tenseness.]

n.高血壓 [ elevation of the blood pressure]

 

(看看影片,順便複習之前學過的單字--ex.靜脈)
 

 

 

 

 

hyphen

n.連字號  [a short line (-) used to connect the parts of a compound word or the parts of a word divided for any purpose.]

 ps 破折號dash是 "--"  (2010/04/02更正)

字源:hypo(under)-hen(Gk one) --> under one

 

 

 

 

 

hypnosis

hypno(sleep)-t-is [ t-is --> sis]

n.催眠 [An artificially induced altered state of consciousness, characterized by heightened suggestibility and receptivity to direction.]

  ex. The most important factor in hypnosis is suggestibility.
  催眠術中最重要的因素是暗示感應性。

 

 

 

 

 

hypnotic

hypno-tic(希臘的字尾 from tikos)

adj.催眠的

  ex.The noise of the wind took on some kind of rhythm, becoming hypnotic.
  風聲像一首有節奏的催眠曲。

hypnotic <> conscious

 

 

 

 

 

 

hypocrite

hypo(under)-crit(批評)-e  [在下面批評人]

n.偽善者,偽君子 [ a person who pretends to have virtues, moral or religious beliefs, principles, etc., that he or she does not actually possess, esp. a person whose actions belie stated beliefs.]

  ex. Be a hypocrite, if you wish; but don't talk like one.
 
如果你喜歡,那就去做偽君子吧,但拜託千萬別說起話來像個偽君子

  ex.岳不群

 

 

 

hypocritical

hypo(under)-crit-ical

adj.偽善的;偽君子的 [Being a hypocrite]

 

 

 

 

 

hypotenuse

hypo-tenuse(stretch) [從底下拉伸上來的斜邊]

n.直角三角形的斜邊 [the side of a right triangle opposite the right angle.]

  ex. Light enters and leaves at right angles to the hypotenuse of the prism.
  光垂直地入射和出射於棱鏡的斜面

 

 

 

 

hypothesis

hypo(under)-thet(put)-is  [t-is-->sis]

n.假說 [A tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem that can be tested by further investigation.]

 

ps.當hypothesis被證實後,它就變成了theory。

hypothesis:confirmed
假說沒有被證實

 

 

 

 

 

hypothetical

hypo(under)-thet(put)-ical

adj.假設的,假定的 [assumed by hypothesis; supposed]

  ex. these estimates are hypothetical.

 

 

 

 

 

hysteria

[Gk. hystera 子宮]

n.歇斯底里 [ an uncontrollable outburst of emotion or fear, often characterized by irrationality, laughter, weeping, etc.]

 

ps.

hysteria其表現為在一定精神狀況或存在外部誘因的情況下,病人由於恐懼而無法控制自己的行為。發病年齡多數在16至30歲之間,女性遠多於男性。希臘文hystera(子宮),古代西方人認為此症病患所以會呈現出奇怪各式各樣的症狀是因為子宮在女性體內四處移動所導致的。

譬如典型的歇斯底里球是一種在病人的喉嚨部位發生的急性阻塞感,它使病人既無法說話又會引起嘔吐現象,好像有一個球升到喉嚨那裡,於是大家就認為這種征侯是因為子宮壓迫到喉嚨而引起的。

此外由於歇斯底里症病患會呈現一些如痙攣、月經不順、噁心、嘔吐、頭痛、頭昏、全身乏力等的症狀,而且多發生於年輕未婚女性中,因此大家較易以子宮的移動來說明此症,並根據子宮的原名來為此症命名。

 

 

 

 

icicle

ice-icle

n.垂冰 [A tapering spike of ice formed by the freezing of dripping or falling water.]

  ex. She walked in, as chill as an icicle, and as high as a princess.
  她走進來了,跟個冰柱似的,冷冰冰的,又像個公主似的高不可攀。

  ex. The drops fell very slowly, as they fall from an icicle after the sun has gone.
  血滴得很慢很慢,彷彿是太陽落山後的冰柱滴下的水珠。

 

 

 

 

 

 

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