hallow    /ˋhælo/

v.把...視為神聖 [to make holy; sanctify; consecrate.]

 ex. people hallow this old 榕樹 as a patron saint(守護神)

 

ps.1

hallow  v.把...視為神聖 // Halloween n.萬聖節前夕(10月31日)

hollow  a.空的

 

ps.2

萬聖夜「Halloween」,為「All Hallow Eve」的縮寫

萬聖節是怎麼來的
其實在天主教會裡面,十一月一日是諸聖節 (All Saints Day),隔天十一月二日則為萬靈節(All Souls Day,或譯為追思亡者節 ),可以說是萬聖節的起源。


早在西元前數世紀,凱爾特人(Celts,居住在蘇格蘭、威爾斯及愛爾蘭等地)便在十月三十一日的時候,慶祝一個名為「 Samhain 」的節日。因為在十月底,活人世界跟死人世界之間的界線會變得模糊,因此死人的靈魂很容易進入活人的世界,跟我們農曆七月開鬼門的傳說很像。在那一天,大家會穿著奇裝異服,在外面遊行,希望能把外面的孤魂野鬼給嚇跑。

 

 

 

 

hallowed    /ˋhælod/

hallow-ed

adj.神聖的 [regarded as holy]

  ex. hallowed ground
  聖地

 

 

 

 

hallucination    /həˏlusnˋeʃən/

n.幻覺  [Perception of visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, or gustatory experiences without an external stimulus and with a compelling sense of their reality, usually resulting from a mental disorder or as a response to a drug.]
同義詞有illusion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

halo    /ˋhelo/

n.光暈(建議看一下wiki,裡面很豐富) [A circular band of colored light around a light source, as around the sun or moon, caused by the refraction and reflection of light by ice particles suspended in the intervening atmosphere.]

  ps. halo主要是由大氣的對流層內的ice crystals 所造成的,當光線打入這些ice crystals內的時候,會有折射與反射的現象,使得不同頻率(顏色)的光被分出來,而產生相似rainbow的光環

n.在宗教繪圖中環繞在神聖者的身上或頭上的光圈

 

 

 

 

 

 

halt    /hɔlt/

n.暫停 [A suspension of movement or progress, especially a temporary one]

  ex.在當兵時的口令"立定"英文版就是 halt

v.使停止 [To cause to stop]

  ex. Don't halt here; move on, move on!
  不要停留在這裡,往前走,往前走!

 

ps. 如果你有設定過BIOS,你應該會看到halt這個字唷,不然你可以試試看
ex. Halt on  "All but keyboard"

 

 

 

 

 

halting    /ˋhɔltɪŋ/

halt-ing

adj.躊躇的, 猶豫的 [faltering or hesitating, esp. in speech.]

  ex. What he said was confused, halting, and verbose.
  他說的這些話既雜亂無章、吞吞吐吐,又囉里囉嗦。

 

 

 

 

 

 

hammer    /ˋhæmɚ/

n.鐵鎚

v.鎚打

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hamper    /ˋhæmpɚ/

v.妨礙,阻礙 [To prevent the free movement, action, or progress of; hinder; impede]

  ex. The snow hampered my movements.
  雪妨礙了我的行動

  ex. There is still a long road ahead of you and dont let this moment hamper your excellent progress.  (通常rejection的信都會有這類型的話...)

n.有蓋大籃 [A large basket, usually with a cover.]

  ex. a picnic hamper

  laundry:hamper  
  提籃用來裝衣服

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

handle    /ˋhændl/

n.把手 [A part that is designed to be held or operated with the hand.]

v.操作;處理 [To operate with the hands; manipulate; To cope with or dispose of]

  ex. to handle knotty problems.
  對付棘手的問題

 

字源: handle這個字,是由hand所架構而成的,最先的意思就是"用手處理"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hangar    /ˋhæŋɚ/

n.飛機庫 [A shelter especially for housing or repairing aircraft.]

  ex. The plane nosed into the hangar.
  飛機緩緩地進入機庫.

 

聯想:把飛機吊起(hang)來修理的地方叫 hangar

 

ps.

hangar  n.飛機庫

hanger [hang-er] n.衣架

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hangdog    /ˋhæŋˏdɔɡ/

hang-dog

adj.可憐的 [defeated; intimidated; abject]

  ex. It was a painful, hangdog progress for him.
  對他而言,那是一個痛苦而受屈的過程。

adj.內疚的 [ showing a sense of guilt]

 

note: 整體來說,若你用hangdog這個字形容人,通常指那個人,看起來是sad的,而且有sense of guilt的感覺在。比方說,因為賭博而傾家蕩產的人 has a hangdog face/ look.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hanker    /ˋhæŋkɚ/

v.嚮往;渴望 [To have a strong, often restless desire.]

  ex. to hanker after the dance with you. (介係詞用after唷)

 

  ps.一般說"嚮往;渴望"用desire就可以了,如果你想說的是那種強烈、又停止不下來的渴望,你可以用hanker這個字。比方說想吸菸想的不得了,to hanker after the cigarette.,或是想見你想見的不得了to hanker after/for meeting you.

 

  字源:字典說hanker這個字,與hang有關,我的推測是指那種魂牽夢縈的渴望而來的

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hankering

hanker-ing

n.嚮往;渴望 [a longing; craving.]

 ex. getting a hankering for something a little different.

 

 

 

 

 

 

hap

n.幸運 [Fortune; chance.]

v.發生 [To happen.]

  ex. if it so hap.

 

字源:1150–1200; ME < ON happ luck, chance

 

 

 

 

 

hazard    /ˋhæzɚd/

n.機會(有風險的那種) [A chance of being injured or harmed; danger]

  ex. Space travel is full of hazards.

  ex.  moral hazard

v.冒危險 [To expose to danger or harm.]

  ex. Rock-clibmers sometimes hazard their lives.
  攀登岩石的運動員有時要冒生命危險。

 

字源:Middle English hasard, dice game,
hazard這個字原本指"骰子遊戲"

 

 

 

 

 

 

haphazard    /ˏhæpˋhæzɚd/

hap-hazard

adj.隨意的 [characterized by lack of order or planning, by irregularity, or by randomness; determined by or dependent on chance; aimless.]

  ex. in haphazard order.

 

ps. haphazard由hap, hazard兩個字所組成,這兩個字都帶有chance的意思,所以結合起來就是指"隨chance所發生的", "隨意的"意思

 

 

 

 

 

harangue    /həˋræŋ/

n. 自大傲慢的演說[A long pompous speech, especially one delivered before a gathering.]

  ex.harangue指的是種演說,特別是指那種"長"、"強烈"、"傲慢"的長篇大論演說,通常是為了強迫要人群接受某個想法。 比方說,當兵的時候就會聽到很多次長官的harangue,要大家去做一些不可思議的蠢事。

v. [ to deliver a harangue]

 

 

 

 

 

 

harass    /həˋræs/

v.煩擾 [To irritate persistently.]

  ex. Our mission is to harass the landing of the main Japaness expeditionary force.
  我們的任務是騷亂日本遠征軍主力的登陸

 

ex. sexual harassment = 性騷擾

 

 

 

 

 

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