figment

fig(=fict;feign)-ment

n.虛構的事 [ Something invented, made up, or fabricated]

  ex. a figment of the imagination.

  ex. Yes. You are a figment of the past!
  對,你是過去的幻影!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

figurative

figure-ative

adj.象徵的 [Based on or making use of figures of speech; metaphorical]

  ex. figurative language.

 

ps.1  literal vs. figurative

literal 想成字義就照字典翻譯就好了 [words in literal expressions denote what they mean according to common or dictionary usage]

figurative 字義會轉化與意示另一層意思 [words in figurative expressions connote additional layers of meaning.]

比方說

sun

如果你把它解釋"太陽"就是literal experssion

如果你把它解釋"希望"就是figurative experssion/figurative language

 

ps. metaphor vs. simile

這兩個字的意思都是比喻的意思,而比喻的意思就是利用AB兩事物的相似性,而拿A事物來形容B事物

metaphor是隱喻

metaphor 你可以想成A不可能變成B,而拿B來形容A

比方說人不可能變成水,如果你說「水做成的女人」,就用的就是metaphor

 

simile是明喻

simile 當你在使用metaphor時候,很明確說明A、B的關係,例如使用"like","as",這時稱為simile

比方說你說「女人柔的像水一般」,在這句中很明確的指出女人像水的關係,所以是simile

 

來看個綜合的例子

Type   Figuratively   Literally
         
Metaphor   He has a heart of stone.   He is totally insensitive.
         
Simile   His voice was as sharp as a knife.   His voice was very sharp.

 更多的資訊參考wiki

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

figurehead

n.傀儡領袖 [a person who is head of a group, company, etc., in title but actually has no real authority or responsibility]

  ex. The mayor is just a figurehead;it's the council that makes all the real decisions.
  該市長只不過是個傀儡,市政會才是真正決定一切的。

n.【船】船首像

ps.  figur == shape

nominal:figurehead=absolute:autocrat
傀儡是有名無實的=獨裁者是絕對的

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

figurine

figur(shape)-ine

n.小雕像  [a small ornamental figure of pottery, metal, plastic, etc.; statuette.]

 

-ine: a suffix of adjectives of Greek or Latin origin, meaning 「of or pertaining to,」 「of the nature of,」 「made of,」 「like」: crystalline; equine.

-ine字尾,是來自Gk. or L.的一個字尾,它是形容詞字尾。有"屬於"、"有什麼的天性"、"是由什麼組成的"、"相似"的功能在

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

file

n.文件、檔案

n.銼刀 [a long, narrow tool of steel or other metal having a series of ridges(脊狀) or points on its surfaces for reducing or smoothing surfaces of metal, wood, etc.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

filings

file-ing-s

n.剉屑 [Filings are very small pieces of a substance, especially a metal, that are produced when it is filed or cut.]

  ex. iron filings.

  ex. metal filings.

 

metal:filings=wood:shavings  
金屬的剉屑=木料的鉋花

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

filibuster

n/v.以冗長的演說等手法進行阻撓

 

filibuster來自於荷蘭語的 freebooter,是pirate(海盜)的意思,而現在filibuster的意思為利用技巧來拖延使法案不通過,大概是由於如果有人使用filibuster的話,就試著偷走法案通過的機會之緣故。最早是發生在美國的國會,通常是發生在參議院(Senate),因為眾議院(House of Representives)人比較多,會限制發言的時間。歷史中歷時最長的filibuster發生在1957,那時候參議員(Senator) Storm Thurmond 想要拖延Civil Rights的立法,於是Storm Thurmond就站在台上發表他的演說,一講就是24小時又18分鍾。但是最後Civil Right Act 還是通過了。

 

filibuster:delay
filibuster是種阻礙

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

filigree

fili(thread)-gree(grain結晶)

n. 金銀絲細工  [delicate ornamental work of fine silver, gold, or other metal wires, esp. lacy jewelers' work of scrolls and arabesques.]

 

字源:1693, shortening of filigreen (1668), from Fr. filigrane "filigree," from It. filigrana, from L. filum "thread" + granum "grain."

 

filigree:wire=lace:thread
細絲工藝品用金屬細製成=蕾絲用線製成

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

filly

n.小雌馬 [a young female horse under the age of four .]

 

ps.

filly     n.小雌馬

colt    n.小雄駒

mare  n.母馬 [a fully mature female horse or other equine animal.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

filter

n.濾器 [A porous material through which a liquid or gas is passed in order to separate the fluid from suspended particulate matter.]

v.過濾

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

filth

是foul的變型

n.骯髒;污物 [ offensive or disgusting dirt or refuse; foul matter]

  ex. the filth dumped into our rivers.

  ex. Go and wash that filth off your hands.
  去把你手上的髒東西洗掉。

n.猥褻;髒話,下流話 [vulgar or obscene language or thought.]

 

 

filch     v.偷       [由指偷不重要的小東西]  [ c 想成是catch]

filth     n.骯髒的                                   [ t 想成是trash]


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

finale     /fəˋnælɪ/

final-e(義大語的尾)

n.[義] 終曲;結尾(多用於音樂上) [ the last piece, division, or movement of a concert, opera, or composition.]

 

finale <> open scene 開幕



"Amazing Juggling(戲法) Finale"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

finesse     /fəˋnɛs/

fine-sse(ice)

n.精巧的技巧 [extreme delicacy or subtlety in action, performance, skill, discrimination, taste,]

n.精敏的手段 [skill in handling a difficult or highly sensitive situation; adroit and artful management]

  ex. exceptional diplomatic finesse.

  ex.Paul played the sonata with great finesse.
  保羅以豐富的技巧彈奏了這部奏鳴曲

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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