discourse

dis-course(=cur;run)

n.演講,講道討論 (長篇,正式)[ a formal, serious lengthy discussion of a subject in speech or writing]

 

 

 

 

 

discredit

v.敗壞...的名聲 [ to injure the credit or reputation of]

 ex. corruption can discredit a politician.

v.使不足信 [destroy confidence in]

  ex. : Later research discredited earlier theories

 

 

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字根 cern  == separate 分離

       cret

 

discern   v.辨別、察覺到[To perceive with the eyes or intellect]
      ex.to discern between fact and rumor
     
discernment   n.辨別、察覺
     
discernible   a.能識別的 [capable of being discerned; distinguishable.] 
    (ps. 2010/04/28更正 ... 之前誤寫成discerning)

 

 

discrete   a.不連續的 [apart or detached from others]
     
discreet   a.考慮周到的、謹慎的 [showing prudence and carefullness]

       

 

 

這兩個字在古時候是一樣的都指"discerning, careful, prudent "

後來意思分開了

discrete 指"discerning;能辨識的具有識別力的" -->而後變成離散的,不連續的 

discreet 指"careful, prudent":考慮周到的,謹慎的

(ps.我這邊的用的中文可能不夠清楚,decrete指discerning沒錯,不過discrening的中文用"能識別的"可能會產生些誤解,discerning的意思是perceptive, 形容能夠展現明確清楚的判斷的意思。我應該把discering的中文翻成"具有能辨識力的"...雖然我還是覺得非常繞舌與龜毛,但是有如果我單純地說"能辨識的",你可能會想到的是discernible;可區分的。最好的辦法就是用英文去記,而不要死背中文的解釋。 但其實不管是用discerning或著是discernible都可以很順利的解釋為什麼discrete具有離散、不連續的意思。不過為了正確起見,我下面還是做了修正...2010/04/28補充)

 

 

discretion   n.謹慎,考慮周到

                n.斟酌(或行動)的自由、處理權  [freedom of judgment or choice]

                               (It is within your discretion to settle the matter.)

原來是指"the power to make distinction"

 

 

discretionary a.能任意處理的 [subject to one's own discretion.]

 

 

excrete  v.排泄  [ex- == out]

 

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discreet & discrete

discreet

dis-creet(=cret;separate)

adj.考慮周到的、謹慎的

 

ps.

discrete,discreet

這兩個字在古時候是一樣的都指"discerning;能辨識的具有識別力的, careful考慮周到的, prudent謹慎的 "

後來意思分開了

discrete 指"discerning" -->而後變成離散的,不連續的

discreet 指"careful, prudent"

 

 

 

 

discrete

adj.離散的,不連續的 [apart or detached from others]

 

discrete:overlap
離散的不會重疊

 

 

 

 

 

discretion  

n.謹慎,考慮周到

n.斟酌(或行動)的自由、處理權  [freedom of judgment or choice]

  ex. It is within your discretion to settle the matter.

 

  ps. 原來是指"the power to make distinction"

   ("discerning, careful, prudent" can let you have power to make  distinction )

 

brash:discretion
草率的缺乏謹慎

 

 

review

 rash     adj.輕率的 n.疹子

brash    adj.輕率的  (多一個b,意思還是一樣的)

 

 

 

 

 

 

discretionary

dis-cret(separate)-ion-ary

adj.能任意處理的 [subject to one's own discretion.]

   ps. 就是說不受規則約束,可以依人決定的

   ex. It is discretionary for you to choose the color you like.

   ps. discretionary <> mandatory  adj.命令的,強制的

 

 

 

 

 

 

discrepancy

dis-crep(crack)-ancy

n.不一致,差異 [the state or quality of being obviously different; inconsistency.]

 ex. the discrepancy between press and radio reports.

 

discrepancy <> converge

review

decrepit

de-crep(crack)-it

adj.衰老的;破舊的 [ weakened by old age]

  ex. a decrepit man who can hardly walk.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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