dialect

dia(across;through)-lect(read;or speak)

n.方言 [a provincial, rural, or socially distinct variety of a language that differs from the standard language]

n.行話

 

lecture n.授課;演講

 

 

 

 

diameter

dia-meter

n.直徑

 

 

 

 

 

diaphanous

dia-phan(show;出現)-ous

adj.透明的 [Of such fine texture as to be transparent]

adj.精緻的 [Characterized by delicacy]

 

diaphanous <> substantial  adj.堅固的;真實的

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字根

phan -->phen  == appearance, show 出現

 

phantom      n.幽靈= apparition [appear-ition]

 

phenomenon      n.現象             [記:she+no+men+on]

phenomena        n.現象(複數)

phenomenal    adj.現象的、明顯的

 

dia-phan-ous   adj.半透明的

 

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diatribe

dia-tribe(=trit; rub)

n.惡罵;誹謗(抨擊性演講) [a bitter, sharply abusive denunciation, attack, or criticism]

 

 

ps. tribe n.部落

 

word history:

diatribe:源指希臘文中的discourse;長篇大論的演說,後來引申成浪費時間的演說-->由這個負面意思,在讓人聯想到指責人的長篇演說也是浪費時間的,最後diatribe的意思就變成sharply denunciation

 

lullaby:song=diatribe:discourse
搖籃曲是一種歌曲=抨擊性演講是一種演講


 

review

contrite  a.悔罪的

detritus  n.岩屑;碎石

 

 

 

 

 

 

dictate

dict-ate

v.口述,使聽寫 [ to say or read (something) aloud for another person to transcribe or for a machine to record]

  ex. to dictate some letters to a secretary.

v.命令 [ to give orders.]

 

 

 

 

 

didactic

adj.為教導的 [intended for instruction; instructive]

adj.說教的 [ inclined to teach or lecture others too much]

  ex. a boring, didactic speaker.

 

聯想:did(做) + act(動) +ic [又做又動-->教導 or  說教]

 

didactic:instruct=comic:amuse
教誨的用來教導=有趣的用來娛樂

 

 

 

 

 

die

n.鋼模,印模

 

die:shaping=drill:boring
模具用來使成形=鑽孔機用來鑽孔

 

 

 

 

 

 

diehard

n.頑固分子(負面的) [ One who stubbornly resists change or tenaciously adheres to a seemingly hopeless or outdated cause]

  ex. rebel diehards who refused to surrender.

 

diehard:conservative=manic:excitement
頑固的人保守=狂燥者騷動

 

 

 

 

 

 

differentiate

different-i-ate

v.使有差異 [To constitute the distinction between]

  ex. subspecies that are differentiated by the markings on their wings.

 

 

ps.【數】求...的微分

 

 

 

 

 

diffident

dif(=dis;not)-fid(faith)-ent

adj.缺乏自信的 [Lacking or marked by a lack of self-confidence; shy and timid]

 

cf.

different

diffident

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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