devise

v.發明;策劃 [to contrive, plan]

ex. devised a new system to handling mail orders.

 

 

 

 

device

n.設備,儀器

n.手段

 

這裡的字源會讓大家猜不到,以為vis是see的意思
但是devise( or 之前有談過的 design)都是來自於 L. divisus
是分隔的意思
devise源指的是 method by which something is divided

 

 

 

 

 

devoid

de-void(empty)

adj.缺乏的;沒有的 [Completely lacking; destitute or empty]

ex. a novel devoid of wit and inventiveness.

 

 

 

 

 

 

devote & devoted & devotee & devotional

devote

de-vot(vow)-e  [vote=vow發誓→發誓熱愛→獻身]

v.將...奉獻 [To give or apply (one's time, attention, or self) entirely to a particular activity, pursuit, cause, or person.]

ex. Nurses devote themselves to the care of the sick.

 

usuage
These verbs mean to give to a particular end and especially to a higher purpose.

Devote implies faithfulness and loyalty : Nurses devote themselves to the care of the sick. (類似宗教上的信仰)

Dedicate connotes a solemn, often formal commitment: "To such a task we can dedicate our lives and our fortunes" (Woodrow Wilson).

Consecrate suggests sacred commitment: His entire life is consecrated to science.

Pledge is to back a personal commitment by a solemn promise: "I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people"

 

 

 

devoted

de-vot(vow)-ed

adj.獻身的;虔誠的

 

 

 

 

devotee

devote-ee(person)

n.獻身的人 [a person who is greatly devoted to something.]

 

 

 

 

devotional

adj.虔誠的;獻身的

 

 

 

 

devout

adj.虔誠的 [expressing devotion or piety ]

ex. devout prayer.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

devour

de-vour(=vor;eat)

v.狼吞虎嚥地吃 [ to swallow or eat up hungrily, voracious , or ravenous .]

 

review

----------------------------------------

vor == eat

ex.

carnivorous  adj.食肉的

herbivorous adj.食草的

omnivorous  adj.雜食的      ps. omni-=全 ex omnipotent adj.全能的

 

 

voracious     adj.貪婪的、狼吞虎嚥的 [vor=吃]

voracity          n.貪婪、狼吞虎嚥

 

ravenous    adj.貪婪的、狼吞虎嚥的[rav = snatch]

rapacious   adj.貪婪的

----------------------------------------

 

 

 

 

dexterity & dexterous

dexterity

dexter(right hand)-ity [right hand means "skillful"]

n.(手等)靈巧 [ skill or adroitness in using the hands or body; agility.]

 

surgeon:dexterity=acrobat:agility
外科醫生的特點是手熟練=雜技演員的特點是敏捷


 

 

 

 

 

dexterous

dexter-ous

adj.(手等)靈巧的

 

轉筆達人

 

These adjectives refer to skill and ease in performance.

Dexterous implies physical agility: dexterous fingers.

Deft suggests quickness, sureness, neatness, and lightness of touch : deft strokes; a deft turn of phrase.

Adroit implies ease and natural skill, especially in challenging situations : an adroit skier; an adroit negotiator.

Handy suggests a more modest aptitude, principally in manual work: handy with tools.

Nimble stresses quickness and lightness in physical or mental performance: nimble feet; nimble wits.

 

 

 

 

 

diabetes

n.糖尿病 ( 一種新陳代謝失調症,以排尿過多和持續的口渴為特徵,原因是胰島素分泌不足,血糖和尿糖高,得這種病的人體型偏胖而且懶散 )

 

這個字有history可是很難講
還是來see wiki 一下吧

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

diabolical

diabol(from L.diabolus ;devil)-ical

adj.惡魔的 [having the qualities of a devil]

=diabolic

 

ps. Diabol  暗黑破壞神

 

diabolical <> seraphic

ps. seraph 六翼天使(or稱熾天使)擁有天使的最高位階。熾天使被看作是神殿的管理者,一直不停的唱著聖歌, and yhaoo+

 

 

 

 

 

 

diagnose

dia(through)-gnos(know)-e

v.診斷 [ to determine the identity of (a disease, illness, etc.) by a medical examination]

ex. The doctor diagnosed the illness as a cancer.

 

diagnose:treat=proofread:correct
診斷是為了治療=校對是為了修正

 

 

 

 

 

diagonal

dia(through,across)-gon(angle)-al [from angle to angle]

adj.對角線的

 

diameter:circle=diagonal:rectangle
直徑是圓形內最長直線=對角線是矩形內最長直線


pentagon  n.五角形 [penta(five)-gon]

hexagon    n.六角形 [hexa(six)-gon]

see wiki 1-20邊形的說法

 

 

 

 

 

diagram

dia(through, across)-gram(write)

n.圖表;圖解 [a figure, usually consisting of a line drawing, made to accompany and illustrate a geometrical theorem, mathematical demonstration, etc.]

 

 

 

 

 

 


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