dent

n.凹痕 [ a hollow or depression in a surface]

v.使凹下

n.齒 [ L. dent-]

 

會有兩個意思,是因為有兩個不同的字源

 

 

Word History: Eating, biting, teeth, and dentists are related not only logically but etymologically; that is, the roots of the words eat, tooth,dentist have a common origin. The Proto-Indo-European root *ed-,eat, originally meant "to bite." A participial form of *ed- in this sense was *dent-,tooth*dont-,*dent-, with sound changes that resulted in the Germanic word *tanthuz. This word became Old English tōth and Modern English tooth.*dent- itself became in Latin dēns (stem dent-), "tooth," from which is derived our word dentist. We find a descendant of another Proto-Indo-European form *(o)dont- in the word orthodontist( and meaning "to eat" and the source of our word a form of orthodontist (牙齒矯正醫師). "biting," which came to mean "tooth." Our word comes from Meanwhile the Proto-Indo-European form

ps. dentist n.牙醫

 

 

 

 

 

denture

dent(tooth)-ure

n.一副假牙

denture:teeth=toupee:hair  
假牙是假牙齒=假髮是假頭髮

 

補充: wig n.假髮, 是個比較常用的字。可以指遮蓋禿頭用的假髮、法官用的假髮,或是演員用的假髮。而toupee 並不常用,指小撮假髮。可以參考page 475. (2015 Aug 補充)。

 

 

 

 

 

 

denude

de-nude(adj.裸的)

v.使裸露 [to make naked or bare; strip]

  ex. The storm completely denuded the trees.

  ex. denude <> cover  v.覆蓋

v.【地】剝蝕 [Geology To expose (rock strata) by erosion.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

denunciation

denunciate-ion

n.公開指責 

   note: dnunciate = denounce-ate

 

 

 

 

 

depict

de-pict(to picture)

v. 描畫 [to represent by or as if by painting; portray; delineate.]

v. 描述 [ to represent or characterize in words; describe.]

 

  ps. picture n.畫 v.拍攝;描繪

 

 

 

 

 

 

deplete

de-plete(fill)

v. 耗盡 [to decrease seriously or exhaust the abundance or supply of]

 ex. Extravagant spending soon depleted his funds.

 

 

Deplete refers to using up gradually and only hints at harmful consequences: The campers' food supply was quickly depleted.

Drain suggests gradual drawing off and harm: War often drains a nation's economy.

Exhaust stresses reduction to a point of uselessness: "The resources of civilization are not yet exhausted"

Impoverish refers to severe reduction of resources or essential qualities: "His death has eclipsed the gaiety of nations, and impoverished the public stock of harmless pleasure"

Enervate refers to weakening or destruction of vitality or strength: Idleness enervates the will to succeed.

 

 

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字根

plen   ple      ply(少) == fill 充滿

        plete

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 complete a.完全的      
         
/kɑmpləmən/     /kɑmpləmən/  
complement  n.互補物   compliment n.稱讚、恭維、敬意  [praise]
complementary a.互補的      
         
plenty a.很多的      
plenitude n.大量      
         
replenish v.把...裝滿      
replete a.裝滿的     (a home replete with every modern convenience)
       
[特]plethora  n.過多    

 

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deplore

de-plore( flow out )  [流出--有引申成cry out 流淚]

v.深感遺憾 [to feel or express deep grief for ]

v.悲悼 [ tears are flowing down]

 ex. The class deplored the death of their teacher.

 

----------------------------------------

字根
plore == flow out    (流出--有引申成cry out 流淚)

 

deplore   v.悲悼、痛惜[to feel or express deep grief for ]

                       (The class deplored the death of their teacher.)

 

implore   v.懇求[to beg urgently]      (implore forgiveness)

                [in=into,sb is into the state of flowing out tears for asking]

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deport & deportation

deport

de(remove)-port(carry)

v.(將外國人、罪犯等)驅逐出境 [ to expel (an alien) from a country; banish.]

v.行為 = behave(古義、少見)

 

  ex. abscond:depart 潛逃是偷偷離開

 

 

 

 

 

deportation

deport-ation

n.驅逐出境

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字根port == carry 運送、帶                                                      

 

port  n.港  ex. airport

 

port-able   adj.可攜式的

 

disport     v.歡愉、取樂=amuse  [將自己運離工作] dis-做away解

 

deport        v.(將外國人、罪犯等)驅逐出境   de-做減去、除掉remove解

                  v.行為 = behave(古義、少見)

 

deportment  n.舉止=behavior

 

comport         v.表現[behave oneself in the specified way]  [ 搬運身體]

                              (he comport himself with modesty)

 

import     n/v.進口 

export     n/v.出口 

 

report     n/v.報導

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depose

de-pos(put)-e

v.免職 [to remove from office or position, esp. high office]

v.作證 [ to testify or affirm under oath, esp. in a written statement]

v.沉澱 [To put or lay down]

 

 

 

 

 

 

deposition

depose-ition

n.免職、作證、沉澱

  ex. deposition <> process of eroding ( 侵蝕過程 )

 

 

 

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depose      v.免職、作證、沉澱   / pose       n.姿勢   v.擺姿勢

deposition  n.免職、作證、沉澱   / position   n.位置、職位

 

deposit     n/v.存款、押金、沉澱 / posit      v.安置、斷定

                     [ to place or assume as a fact]

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de-compose      v.分解、使腐爛

 

de-composition   n.分解、使腐爛

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dispose 

v.配置、處理  [arrange] (They disposed troops along the river)

v.使傾向於(The good pay disposed him to take the job) / disposed  adj.有..的傾向
                                                                                                         adj.有意願的

 

 

 

 

disposition  n.配置[arrangement]、傾向、天性

 

disposal  n.清除 [The act or process of getting rid of sth.]

               n.配置 [arrangement]

 

disposable  adj.可任意處理的、用完即丟的

 

 

**片語 dispose of 為 get rid of sth.

(因為dispose 在古時候有disposal 清除之意)

 

 

 

 

 

 

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