compound

com-pound(put)

n.化合物;複合物 [elements, or ingredients]

  ex. Soap is a compound substance.

 

soldier:army=element:compound  

士兵組成軍隊=元素組成化合物

 

 

 

 

 

 

comprehend

com-prehend(seize )

v.理解

 

garbled:comprehend
混淆的不易被理解

 

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字根 pris        ==  seize

      prehand

 

prison      n.監獄   v.監禁

prisoner   n.囚犯

 

prehensile   adj.有理解力的、[動物]適於抓握的

prehension     n.理解

apprehend            v.理解、逮捕、對...擔慮

apprehensible    adj.能理解的

apprehensive     adj.善於理解的、憂慮的,恐懼的

apprehension       n.理解、逮捕、擔慮

 

comprehend         v.理解

comprehensible   adj.能理解的

comprehensive    adj.廣泛的;無所不包的

comprehension      n.理解

 

reprehensive     adj.嚴責的

reprehensible    adj.應該指摘的

reprehension       n.譴責

 

reprisal n.軍事報復 [retaliation against an enemy by the infliction of equal or greater injuries]

 

re-(back) + pris(seize) + al -->take back,而原意是

"seizing property or citizens of another nation in retaliation for loss inflicted on one's own"

而後來的就通稱為軍事報復

reprise  n.[音樂] (奏鳴曲形式的)再現部 [a return to the first theme or subject.]

 

最早的意思是:每年從地產中扣除的稅金。

"yearly deduction from charges upon a manor or estate,"

字根解同上,taking back。

在音樂上解釋則是後來的發展。

 

reprise 的電影簡介

 

apprise  v.告知、通知 [to seize the information]

[特]apprentice  n.學徒、徒弟

 

也是從prehens演化而來的:

中世紀的英文ap(p)rentis << 拉丁文 apprehensus

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comprehensible

com-prehens-ible

adj.可理解的 [capable of being comprehended or understood; intelligible.]

 

 

 

 

comprehensive

com-prehens-ive

adj.無所不包的;綜合的 of large scope

 ex. comprehensive exam

 

 

 

 

 

compress

com-press(v.壓)

v.壓縮 [to press together; force into less space.]

  ex. compress speech into five minutes

 

compress <> increase in volume

 

 

 

 

compromise

com-promise(承諾)

n/v.妥協,和解 [a settlement of differences by mutual concessions]

n/v.連累,危及   

   ex.She did it without compromise of her reputation.

 

 

 

 

compulsion

n.強迫 [ the state or condition of being compelled.]

n.強迫症

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

compunction

com-punct(刺、點)-ion

n.良心不安  [對錯誤的行為感到痛苦]

 

ex. acupuncture n.針灸

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USAGE

(ps. 這部份,我覺得我在page 388講得比較好,這邊就請先跳過....

抱歉 早期比較沒有經驗 )

 

qualm   n.緊張不安    [不安與無法自我肯定的感覺]

qualm is a disturbing feeling of uneasiness and self-doubt:

 "an ignorant ruffianly gaucho, who . . . would . . . fight, steal, and do other naughty things without a qualm" (W.H. Hudson).

scruple  n.疑慮  [對行為的意義感到良心上或原則上的疑慮]

scruple is an uneasy feeling arising from conscience or principle about a course of action: "My father's old-fashioned notions boggled a little at first to this arrangement . . . but his scruples were in the end overruled" (John Galt).

compunction n.良心不安  [對錯誤的行為感到痛苦]

compunction implies a prick or twinge of conscience aroused by wrongdoing or the prospect of wrongdoing:

stole the money without compunction.

 

 

misgiving n.顧慮  [突忽而來的擔心]

misgiving suggests often sudden apprehension:

had misgivings about quitting his job.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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