compelling

compel(v.)-ing

adj.令人注目的 tending to compel [使人非注意不可]

   ex. compelling reasons.

 

 

 

 

compendium

con-pend(hang down or weigh)-ium

n.概略;概要 [A short, complete summary; an abstract.]

  ex. Compendium of Materia Medica 本草綱目

 

compendium:summary
概要是一種總結

 

 

 

compensate & compensatory

compensate

con-pens(hang down or weigh)-ate

v.補償,賠償

  ex. They gave him ten dollars to compensate him for his trouble.

 

字根 pens pend  == hang down 掛 or weigh 稱...的重量

[pend的延生為衡量,計算--又因為花錢是需要衡量的--所以跟消費有點關係]

 

ex.

expense n.開支   // expensive adj.昂貴的

pension  n.退休金

spend    v.花(錢);花(時間,精力)

 

 

 

 

compensatory

compensate-ory

adj.補償性的

 

 

----------------------------------------

 

字根 pens  == hang down 掛 or weigh

      pend

 

dispense  v.配藥  [分稱於天平的兩端]

              v.分配 (The government dispensed emergency food to the flood victims.)

              v.免除 (The coach dispensed the injured player from practice)

 

dispens-able  adj.可分配的、非必要的

                   adj.可寬恕的

 

indispensable adj.必不可少的

----------------------------------------

補償、賠償系列 (之後也還會談到這系列,ex. p.400)

 

  compensate         v.補償、賠償、酬報

recompense       n/v.補償、賠償、酬報  [compense form compensate]

 

remunerate   v.賠償、給...酬勞  [muner =gift 衍生成酬勞]

indemnify      v.補償、賠償  [in(not)+demn(blame)+ify]  or 保障;使免於受罰

reimburse     v.補償、賠償  [imburse v.花錢(更正:放入錢袋;貯存),re做back解] purse

offset          v.補償、抵銷 (In basketball, his speed offset  his small size.)

recover        v.挽回、彌補 (It's hard to recover lost time.)

reparation    n.補償、賠償  [from repair v.]

restitution    n.歸還、賠償 [the restoration of property or rights previously taken away]

 

ph. make up for (make up for the lost time.)

 

 

 

 

 

----------------------------------------

 

字根

pet == seek尋找        //c.f  字根 quer-->quir  quest  quisit == seek

 

compete              v.競爭

compet-ent       adj.勝任的

compet-ence        n.勝任、能力

 

----------------------------------------

 

 

 

compete

con-pet(seek)-e

v.競爭

 

 

 

competence

compete-ence

n.勝任、能力

 

 

 

 

compile

con-pile(一堆)

v.彙編  ex.把一本書或者把各種來源的資料彙集

v.【電腦】編譯(程式)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

----------------------------------------

字根

plac       pleas   ==  please

plais(少)

 

complacency       n.自得意滿           [完全被取悅]

complacent      adj.自得意滿的         (ex.考試考100分自己很complacent)

complaisant     adj.彬彬有禮的、柔順的 [willing to do what others pleases]

                                                  (ex.像顏淵一樣,孔子說的話都牢記在心)

 

[特別組]

please  v.請

 

plea      n.懇求                  (The prisoner made a plea for mercy.)

            n.藉口、答辯        

plead     v.懇求

            v.提出...為理由、答辯   (He pleaded illness as the reason for his absence.)

 

----------------------------------------

 

complacency & complacent

complacency

con-plac(please)-ency

n.自得意滿

  ex. complacency 自得意滿 <>anxiety 焦慮

 

 

complacent

con-plac(please)-ent

adj.自得意滿的 [self-satisfied]

   note: complacent 是個具有負面意味的形容詞,帶有因為自己太滿意自己,而忽略自己本身還有不足的地方,也不會去理會其他的情況。這使得常帶來危險。

   ex. Our boss is complacent about his well-selling and successful product (ex. windows xp). But I think he should be not so self-satisfied, and we should be humble and to face the future challenge.

 

 

 

 

complaisance &  complaisant

complaisance

con-plais(please)-ance

n.彬彬有禮、柔順

   ex. complaisance <> churlishness  n.粗野

 

 

complaisant

con-plais(please)-ant

adj.彬彬有禮的、柔順的 [willing to do what others pleases; agreeable, gracious]

   note: complaisant是個好的形容詞,相對地,compliant,雖然也是指柔順的,但卻是負面的詞。

   ex. He is a complaisant and good husband. He is always pleased to help his wife and accompanies with her.

 

 

 

 

----------------------------------------

字根

plen   ple      ply(少) == fill 充滿

        plete

 

com-plete  adj.完全的

 

comple-ment          n.互補物   // compli-ment   n.稱讚、恭維、敬意  [praise]

comple-mentary    adj.互補的

 

plen-ty        adj.很多的

plen-itude       n.大量、完全

 

replenish      v.把...裝滿

replete      adj.裝滿的     (a home replete with every modern convenience)

 

[特]plethora  n.過多

 

----------------------------------------

 

complementary

con-ple(fill;充滿)-ment-ary

adj.互補的

 

ps. complement n.互補物 ex.一雙鞋

 

 

 

複習

----------------------------------------

字根
ply  pli  --> plo   plex  ==fold層、折

      plic

 

**ply柔順系列 [全為人折腰--->順從]

 

comply           v.順從 (按照別人的希望、請求、命令去做)  

compli-ance     n.順從

compli-ant    adj.順從的=complying

 

     pliant    adj.柔軟的=pliable   [easily bent or flexible]

 

compli-ment     n.稱讚 [praise] //   comple-ment    n.互補物

 

**plic複雜系列  [一同交錯在一起-->複雜]

 

complic-ate        v.使複雜

complic-ated     adj.複雜的

complic-ation      n.複雜的情況

 

complicity   n.同謀、串通         //   accomplice   n.同謀犯

               [共同重疊的證詞-->共謀、串通]

 

**plex錯綜系列  [有各式各樣的東西混雜在一起-->錯綜]

 

complex           adj.錯綜的  [composed of many interconnected parts]

complex-ity          n.錯綜

complex-ion          n.膚色、外表特徵

//

 

supplic-ate     v.懇求           [雙膝跪(plic)在地面,向上(sub)懇求]

suppli-ant      n.懇求者   adj.懇求的

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

    全站熱搜

    xination 發表在 痞客邦 留言(7) 人氣()