commute

con-mut(change)-e

v.交換 [to exchangefor something else; interchange.]

v.通勤 [to travel regularly over some distance, as from a suburb into a city and back]

  ex. He commutes to work by train.

ex.mutation n.變種,突變

字根mut ==變化

 

mutiny         n/v.叛變

 

mutinous     adj.叛變的

 

mutineer        n.叛變者

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compact

con-pact(=pack;v.打包)

adj.緊密的 [closely and firmly united; dense]

  ex. compact soil.

adj.簡潔的,小巧的

 

ps.

pact  n. 契約;協定 [有treaty的字型;or  a peace pact]

pack  v.打包 n.背包

 

 

 

 

companion

company-ion

n.同伴,伴侶  [a person who is frequently in the company of]

v.陪伴

n.看護婦(ex.受僱服侍老人或病人的看護婦)

 

ps.company n.公司,同伴

 

 

 

comparison

compare-i-son

n.比較

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

compartment

con-part(n.部分)-ment

n.隔間  [a separate room, section ]

  ex. smoking compartment   吸菸室

n.火車上的小客房

 

 

 

 

compass

com-pass(from L.pāssus = pace)

n.指南針

n.範圍  ex. the broad compass of the novel.

n.音域範圍 [the total range of tones of a voice or of a musical instrument.]

v.理解 [to comprehend as with the mind]

  ex.His mind could not compass the extent of the disaster.

 

 

 

 

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字根

pass(i)  pati  path == feelings

 

passion               n.熱情

passion-ate        adj.熱情的

impassioned      adj.充滿熱情的    [im-做on the state of 解]

 

dispassion            n.不動感情、客觀                [apart form passion]

dispassionate     adj.不被感情所動的、冷靜的

compassion             n.憐憫、同情

compassionate     adj.憐憫的、有同情心的

 

  passive     adj.被動的、消極的

impassive    adj.無感情的  [have no emotion]  [on the state of being passive]

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compassion

con-pass(=path;feeling)-ion

n.同情  [a deep awareness of and sympathy for another's suffering]

 

 

compassionate

compassion-ate

adj.有同情心的

 

 

 

 

 

 

compatible

adj.能共處的  

  ex. the compatible married couple

adj.【電腦】相容的

(L com-+ patī to suffer, undergo)

 

 

 

 

 

compatriot

con-patriot(n.愛國者)

n.同國人,同胞  [a native or inhabitant of one's own country]

 

pater == father

 

 

 

 

compel

com-pel

v.強迫 [to force]

  ex.Duty compelled the soldiers to volunteer for the mission.

 

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字根 pel     peal(少)  == drive推

      puls

 

compel          v.強迫

compulsion     n.強迫、強迫症

compulsory   adj.強迫的

 

expel           v.驅逐 [to drive or force out or away]

expulsion      n.驅逐

expulsive    adj.驅逐的

 

**字根pel 多指外在的推,字根puls 多指內心中推;不過廣義來說是可通用的

 

impel        v.推前 [to drive or urge forward]

impulse     n.衝動 [a sudden desire] = impetus = impulsion

 

repel        v.擊退   [to drive or force back]     re-做back解

repulse     v.回絕

 

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