circumlocution

circum(繞圈)-locu(說)-tion

 n.迂迴累贅的話 the use of more words than necessary to express an idea.

 

circumlocution <> succinctness  n.簡潔

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字根locut、loqu是說的意思(雖然locut較少)

 

elocution      n.演說術 (在演講中風格、用詞和表達的藝術 ) = oratory

 

eloquence     n.雄辯、能言善道     [expressive language] 

eloquent    adj.雄辯的、能言善道的 [例如諸葛亮三氣周瑜]

 

interlocutor   n. 對話者

 

locution   n.獨特的措辭、慣用語 = idiom

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circumscribe

circum(繞圈)-scribe(寫)

v.畫圓 to draw a line around; encircle:to circumscribe a city on a map.

v.限制 to enclose within bounds; limit

  ex. Her social activities are circumscribed by school regulations.

 

 

circumstantial

circum(繞圈)-stant(站)-ial

adj.與情況有關的;依情況而定的 of pertaining to, or derived from circumstances

adj.非主要的;偶然的 of the nature of a circumstance; secondary; incidental

     ex. of circumstantial importance.

adj.描述詳盡的 dealing with or giving circumstances

      ex. a circumstantial report of a business conference.

 

circumstance   n.環境,情況

 

 

circumvent

circum(繞圈)-vent(來)

v.繞行;規避(用狡詐的策略避免或應付) to avoid (defeat, failure, unpleasantness, etc.) by artfulness or deception; avoid by anticipating or outwitting

we tried to circumvent enemies.
我們想用計戰勝敵人

 

ex.

advent n.到來

cistern

n.貯水器 a reservoir, tank, or container for storing or holding water or other liquid.

 

cite

v.引用 to quote

The lawyer cited a previous case to support his argument.

 

 

 

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civil  adj.一般平民的、公民的    //  civil-ian        n.一般平民

       adj.彬彬有禮的              //  civil-ity         n.彬彬有禮

       adj.文明的                   //  civil-ization    n.文明

       adj.國內的 (ex. civil war)

 

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cavil     v.吹毛求疵

civil   adj.市民的、彬彬有禮的  (有禮貌的人不會吹毛求疵)

 

 

civilian

n.平民(與軍、警相對的) a person who is not on active duty with a military, naval, police, or fire fighting organization.

 

bacterium:colony=citizen:nation
細菌組成菌落=公民組成民族

 

civility

n.彬彬有禮 courtesy; politeness.

 ex.He greeted us with civility.

 

 

 

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