certitude

n.確實

 

 

 

 

 

cessation

cess-ation

n.停止,中斷 [a stopping]

  ex. a cessation of the thunder

 

 

 

 

cession

cess-ion

n.割讓 [something that is ceded, as territory]

  ex.  The cession of Hong Kong Island to the United Kingdom

 

 

 

 

 

chafe

v.擦傷

  ex. Her shoes chafed the skin on her feet.

v.摩擦生熱 [to warm by rubbing]

  ex. She chafed her cold hands.

   ps. 聯想:cafe + h

   ps. 之後會在p.422講到scrape,他也可以當作擦傷,但是有些不同唷。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

chaff

n.穀殼;米糠 (作物粒上的殼) [ the husks of grains and grasses that are separated during threshing ]

n.無價值的東西

   ps. chaff:grain =dross:metal

 

----------------------------------------

hold    n.船的貨艙、底層艙

hulk    n.廢船、大而笨重的人或物  [綠巨人浩克]


 hull   n.船殼

         n.外皮 (水果、種子或堅果的) = husk      //  pod n.豆莢

 

 husk   n.外皮、殼

shuck   n.外皮、殼

 

chaff n.粗糠、穀殼

 

----------------------------------------

 

 

 

 

chagrin

n/v.懊惱;苦惱 [ a feeling of vexation, marked by disappointment or humiliation. ]

   ex. She felt chagrin at being rejected.

   ps. 拆字聯想:cha(茶)+grin(露齒而笑)--喝到苦茶

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

chalice

n.聖餐杯

   ps. 【聖餐】被設立在"最後的晚餐"那一天舉行,儀式上有面包和葡萄酒作為耶穌之死的紀念

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

chameleon   (kəˈmiːlɪən)

n.變色龍

   ps. salmon:ichthyologist = chameleon:herpetologist
  魚類學家研究鮭魚=爬蟲學家研究變色龍

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

champion

n.冠軍  [ a person who has defeated all opponents in a competition or series of competitions, so as to hold first place ]

n.擁護者 [ a person who fights for or defends any person or cause]

v.擁護   [ support]

  ps. champion <> disparage 蔑視

  ps. champion <> impugn 打擊    ps.pugn打

 

 

 

 

 

 

championship

n.冠軍的地位

n.錦標賽 [a series of competitions or contests to determine a champion ]

 

 

 

 

 

 

chancellor

n. 高級官員;歐洲國家的總理as in Germany;美國大學的校長;首席法官ex.釋憲的法官

   ps. 安格拉·梅克爾 (Angela Dorothea Merkel), 2005 到今日的德國總理。

 

 

 

 

 

 

chandelier

chandel(=candle)-ier

n.枝形吊燈

 

 

 

 

 

 

chant

=cant

n.讚美詩,聖歌

v.歌頌

 

 

 

 

 

 

chaos

n.混沌

   ps. chaos • predictability 無序的不可預測

   ps. chaotic adj.無秩序的

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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