casual & casualty

casual

adj.偶然的 [happening by chance]

ex. a casual meeting.

 

 

 

casualty    /ˈkæʒjʊǝltɪ/

n.事故、災難等的死者 one who is injured or killed in an accident

  ex. There were no casualties in the traffic accident.

n.意外事故

 

 

 

 

 

cataclysm    /ˈkatəˌklɪz(ə)m/

cata(向下)-clysm(沖走) →大洪水→災難

n.劇烈之變動 [any violent upheaval, esp. one of a social or political nature.]

n.[地理學用語]地殼之劇烈變動  [a sudden and violent physical action producing changes in the earth's surface.]

n.大災難( ex.大洪水和地震 )

 

 

 

 

catalog

cata(下面)-log(說_→表明下面說什麼的東西→目錄

n.目錄

 

 

 

 

catalyst    /ˈkat(ə)lɪst/

cata(下面)-lyst(=loose;鬆)

n.【化】催化劑

 note: 1902, formed in Eng. (on analogy of analyst) from Gk. kata "down" + -lysis "a loosening" (comb. form); see lose.

 ex. enzyme酶 • catalyst催化劑 = bacterium細菌 • microbe微生物

 

 

 

 

 

catastrophe    /kəˈtæs·trə·fi/

cata(向下)-strophe(轉)

n.大災難 [ a sudden and widespread disaster: the catastrophe of war.]

   ps. apostrophe n.撇號(it's)

 

 

 

 

 

category & categorical

category

n.種類 [any general or comprehensive division; a class.]

 

 

 

categorical

category-cal

adj.絕對的;無條件的 [without exceptions or conditions; absolute; unqualified and unconditional]

    ex."a categorical denial"

ps.

qualified

adj.合格的;有資格的

adj.有限制的=limited

 

 

 

 

 

cater

v.迎合 ( 照顧別人的需求) [to provide or supply what amuses, is desired, or gives pleasure, comfort, etc.]

v.提供 ( 飲食及娛樂服務 ) [to provide food, service]

 

聯想:貓奴

 

 

 

 

 

 

caterpillar    /ˈkatəpɪlə/

n.毛毛蟲

 

來源: hairy cat

 

 

 

 

 

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