benevolent

bene(好)-vol(will;意志)-ent

adj.仁慈的,有愛心的 [characterized by or expressing goodwill or kindly feelings]

  ex. The old woman had a benevolent feeling towards all cats

  那個老太太對所有的貓都懷有仁慈之心。

  ps.volunteer n.志工

  -eer 法文中的人

 

 

 

 

 

 

benign

bene(好)-ign

adj.仁慈的 [showing or expressive of gentleness or kindness]

  ex. a benign smile.

 

ps.

malign

male-ign

adj.惡意的[ having or showing an evil disposition]

  ex. She gave him a malign look. 她惡狠狠地瞪了他一眼。

  ex.a malign tumor  惡性腫瘤

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

benison

bene-i-son

n.【古】祝福 = benediction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bent

n.天分

  ps. bent <> ineptitude  天分 <> 無能

adj.彎曲的

v.彎曲 (from bend)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bequeath & bequest

bequeath

be-queath

音: queath 快死

v.(立遺囑)把...遺贈給[ to dispose of (personal property, esp. money) by last will ]

  ex. She bequeathed him her fortune.
  她在遺囑中把財產遺贈給他。

 

  字源: O.E. becweðan, from cweðan "to say," from P.Gmc. *kwethanan. Original sense of "say, utter" died out 13c., leaving legal sense of "transfer by will."

 

 

 

 

 

bequest

n.遺贈 [a disposition(arrangement) in a will]

n.遺產 [a legacy]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

berate

be-rate

v.嚴責 [to scold]

 

rate

n.比例

v. 責罵,嚴責 [to chide vehemently; scold]

  ex. He often rates his subordinates.
  他常常訓斥下屬。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bereft

be-reft

v.喪失 [ make desolate, esp. by death ]

  ex. Illness bereaved them of their mother.

adj.失去...的

  ex. He is bereft of all happiness.

 

reave

reave   reft       reft

reave  reaved  reaved

v.搶奪 [to take away by or as by force; plunder; rob.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

beset

v.鑲,嵌

  ex. a gown beset with jewels
  用寶石鑲嵌的長袍

v.包圍住 [ to attack on all sides]

  ex. to be beset by enemies

  ex. We were beset by mosquitoes in the swamp.
     我們在沼澤地遭受蚊蟲圍攻。

v.使苦惱

  ex. She was beset by doubts.
  她疑慮重重。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

besiege

be-siege(v.圍攻)

v.圍攻

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

besmirch

be-smirch

v.弄髒  [ to soil; tarnish; discolor.]

v. 玷汙、貶低 [ to detract from the honor or luster of]

  ex. besmirch someone's good name.

 

smirch

v.弄髒、玷污  [to discolor or soil]

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smear    v. 弄髒、塗上油滑或骯臟的物質[也可用於塗口紅、上防曬油]

             n.油漬、污點

 

smirch   v.弄髒、玷污    // 較常看到的是 besmirch v.弄髒 v.貶低

smirk    v./n.做作地,自得意地笑

              [to smile in an affected, smug, or offensively familiar way.]

 

// simper v.呆呆的笑

 

【記法】

smear  sm(ile)笑+ear耳--笑別人耳朵髒髒的-->v. 弄髒

 

smirk  sm(ile)笑+irk使厭煩-- 使人厭煩的笑容---> 假笑

 

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smirk irk2

 

 

simper

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bestial

beast(n.野獸)-ial

adj.獸類的; 殘忍的 = brutal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

beast

n.野獸

  ex. The lion is the king of beasts.
  獅子為萬獸之王。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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