arctic

adj.北極的

adj.極寒的

The Arctic n.(大寫)北極,北極圈

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ardent

ard(from L.ardere=burn)-ent

adj.熱心的;熱切的 [ intensely devoted]

  ex.an ardent student of French history.

 

adj.熱烈的;激動的

  ex. ardent love

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ardor

n.狂熱

  ex.His political ardor led him into many arguments.
  他的政治狂熱使他多次捲入爭論中。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

arduous

adj.艱鉅的;費力的

  ex. arduous task

 

1538, "high, steep, difficult to climb," from L. arduus "high, steep," from PIE base *eredh- "to grow, high" (cf. O.Ir. ard "high"). Metaphoric extension to "difficult" first attested 1713.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


arena  (əˈriːnə)

n.(古羅馬圓形劇場中央的)角鬥場,競技場

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

argot

n.(某一行業或團體慣用的)行話,隱語,暗語

1860, from Fr. argot (17c.) "the jargon of Paris rogues and thieves," earlier "the company of beggars,"

 from wiki:  An Argot is a secret language used by various groups—including, but not limited to, thieves and other criminals—to prevent outsiders from understanding their conversations. The term argot is also used to refer to the informal specialized vocabulary from a particular field of study, hobby, job, sport, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

aria

n.詠歎調 [an elaborate melody sung solo with accompaniment, as in an opera or oratorio]

  from wiki: aria is now used almost exclusively to describe a self-contained piece for one voice usually with orchestral accompaniment.

 

opera·aria=play·monologue   歌劇·詠歎調=戲劇·獨白

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

arid

arid(L.ardere)

adj.乾旱的;乾燥的

  ex. arid land

 

VS.

avid

adj.熱心的,勁頭十足的 enthusiastic

  ex. avid for pleasure

 av(ēre) to crave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

aristocracy

aristo(最好)-cracy

n.(總稱)貴族 [a class of persons holding exceptional rank and privileges, especially the hereditary nobility.]

  ex.The highest-ranking members of the Spanish aristocracy are the grandees.
  西班牙貴族中爵位最高的成員乃是大公。

 

n.貴族的統治 [government by the best individuals or by a small privileged class]

  wiki:  a form of government in which the best qualified citizens rule. The term was derived from the Greek aristokratia, meaning "rule of the best"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

armada

n.艦隊

記: 阿瑪達艦隊

from 西班牙無敵艦隊 Invincible Armada, Spanish Armada.

----------------------------------------

軍火特輯

armada   n.艦隊 // fleet n.艦隊
       
armory   n.軍械庫 // munitions  n.軍火、武器   類比:武器庫存放軍火
arsenal   n.軍械庫 =armory
       
armistice   n.停戰、休戰 (經雙方同意暫時停止戰鬥)
truce   n.停戰、休戰(協定) =armistice
       
disarm   v.繳械 ( 解除進攻或防禦的工具 ) ;使息怒;使和解
firearm   n.便攜槍支 ( 手槍或步槍 )
       
musket   n.毛瑟槍 ( 用於16 世紀後期到18 世紀的一種滑膛托槍 )
rifle   n.來福槍  
       
artillery   n.大砲,砲兵  
fusillade   n/v.(槍炮)齊射連發 ( 大批火器同時連續急速地發射 )
       
warmonger   n.好戰者 (大肆宣傳鼓動戰爭的人)

 

 

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armory

n.軍械庫  [a storage place for weapons and other war equipment.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

armistice

n.休戰,停戰 = truce

  ex At long last an armistice was declared by the belligerents.
  交戰雙方終於宣佈停戰。

  wiki: An armistice is a situation in a war where the warring parties agree to stop fighting. It is not necessarily the end of a war, but may be just a cessation of hostilities while an attempt is made to negotiate a lasting peace.

  note: 現今南北韓簽署的是停戰協議truce,而還不是和平條約peace treaty, 所以有可能隨時打起來. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

aroma & aromatic

aroma

n.芳香,香氣

  ex. aroma of fresh apple pie.

  ps. aromatherapy 芳香療法

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

aromatic

adj.芳香的

  ex. Aromatic herbs

 

romantic

adj.浪漫的

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

arouse

arise v.上升

rouse v.弄醒

 

v.喚起;激動,使奮發

 ex. You aroused my curiosity.
 你引起了我的好奇心

 

 

 

 

 

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