symphony   /ˋsɪmfənɪ/

sym(together)-phon(voice, sound)-y

n.交響樂 [an elaborate instrumental composition in three or more movements, similar in form to a sonata but written for an orchestra (管弦樂隊) and usually of far grander proportions and more varied elements.]

  note1: It was only after the advent of Haydn that this word began to mean a sonata for full orchestra. Before that time it meant a prelude, postlude, or interlude, or any short instrumental work.

 note2: Many symphonies are tonal works in four movements with the first in sonata form, which is often described by music theorists as the structure of a "classical" symphony.

Beethoven Symphony No.9 (Full Length)








synchronous    /ˈsɪŋ krə nəs/



  ex. Objects in different frames of reference don't have a synchronous clock. According to Einstein, time and space are connected to each other, so the watch of a moving person will have different pace than  that of a resting person.



chronic adj. 慢性病的

chronicle n.編年史

anachronism /əˈnækrəˌnɪzəm/ n.時代錯誤, out-of-date, ana=against

   ex. It is an anachronism to use a quill as a pen to write words nowadays.









syndrome    /ˋsɪndrom/

syn(together)-drome(Gk. dromos; to run)

n.綜合症狀 [set of symptoms which together indicate a particular disease or abnormal condition]

  wiki: In the past, syndromes were often named after the physician or scientist who identified and described the condition in an initial publication

  ex. 唐氏綜合症 = Down syndrome ( from Dr. John Langdon Down) ; It is typically associated with physical growth delays, characteristic facial features, and mild to moderate intellectual disability.


DEAR FUTURE MOM | March 21 - World Down Syndrome Day







synergy    /ˈsɪnərdʒi/

syn(together)-erg(work; energy)-y

n.共同協力 [the interaction of elements that when combined produce a total effect that is greater than the sum of the individual elements, contributions, etc]

 ex. Teamwork is a good example of synergy. To making a good film, you need good actors, scripts, video and audio editing, and promotion. One person cannot achieve such a great goal, it is only from the synergy of every team member.

synergy synegry








synopsis    /sɪˋnɑpsɪs/

syn(together)-opsis( view)

n.大綱, 提要 [ summary or outline of a book, play, etc ]

  note: 字根組合的概念是 "general view",可以用來指電視劇、書的劇情的大綱。

  ex. After viewing the synopsis, I decide to buy this novel.


 How to Write a Novel Synopsis

note: Mandi Lynn 是一個很年輕的作者,她開始寫這本小說於13歲,經過了3.5年的努力,終於於2013年出版了。





synoptic    /sɪ'nɑptɪk/



  ex. After a thorough survey of 20 years, scientists give a final synoptic conclusion - having electric towers near by do not increase the possibility of getting a cancer.








synthesis    /ˋsɪnθəsɪs/

syn(together)-the(to put)-sis

n.合成 [the combining of the constituent elements of separate material or abstract entities into a single or unified entity]

  note: parenthesis n.括弧, 其中thesis, 也是 to put的意思唷。

  ex. photosynthesis is synthesis that converts carbon dioxide and water into energy.

  ex.  Synthesis of English and Chinese creates an unique Hongkong English.


Synthesis Reactions








syringe    /ˋsərɪndʒ/

n.注射器  [a device used to inject fluids into or withdraw them from something (as the body or its cavities) ]

   note: 醫學器材的用字,像是打疫苗、抽血檢查,使用的工具就是syringe.

   記: A syringe can give a Dr. Sir a wide range of test.








table    /ˋtebl/

n. 桌子

v.擱置  [leave (a proposal, etc) to be discussed at some future date]

  note: 當作擱置,是美式的用法。英式是指放在table上,表示在國會等提出動議或報告供討論

  <> consider







taboo    /təˈbu/

n.禁忌, 避諱 [ban or prohibition on sth that is regarded for religious or other reasons as not to be done, touched, used, etc]

  ex. Being drunk when one worships a god is commonly considered as a taboo.

  ex. Her name is joke-killer in this party. Since he just broke up with her, and now it becomes a taboo to talk about his ex-girlfriend.

  ex. Taboo is a restriction, but sometimes also superstition. Like some people think to marry with a person with the same family name is a taboo.


Taboo: Extreme Bodies








tacit    /tæsɪt/

adj.心照不宣的; 暗含的 [understood without being put into words]

  ex. Although mother doesn't say goodbye to me, tears on her eyes show tacit sorrow.

  ex. I touch her hand, and fondle her neck, and she just likes a cat waiting more touch. I know it is a tacit agreement of further actions~~.


similar word(adj.): implicitindirect, allusive, unsaid

ex.  The lyrics of this song talks about reminiscence of an old city, but it is allusive to condemn the current government.







taciturn    /tæsɪˌtɜrn/

adj.無言的, 不太說話的 [saying very little; uncommunicative]

  ex. After the hurricane, I lose my family, my job, and all my hopes. I ask the sky how long these ordeals will end, but it just likes a taciturn man, showing no signs to me.

  ex. He is not a peevish nor a taciturn person. That is your dependence and asking him questions blindly hassles him too much . Normally he is very glad to answer questions.


similar word(adj.): reserved, reticent  (p.410)

ex. be reticent about one's plans.



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