adj.精明的 [astute or sharp in practical matters]

  ex. a shrewd dealer knows how to make the best sell.

  ex. a shrewd investment.

  ex. a shrewd political brain.

  ps. shrew n.潑婦 ,原本的字源是指惡徒的意思,而後shrewd有發展成cunning的意思,到今日,shrewd的使用上已經沒有負面的意含了。


What does Shrewd mean? by Rick Lawrence








v.尖叫 [a high-pitched scream or cry often made when angry, scared or in pain.]

  ex. 看到鬼了>""<,  she shrieked and run away.

  ex. 玩高空彈跳時發出的尖叫

  ex. a shriek that spread over the rooftops.

  ps.  Shrek 史瑞克, The name "Shrek" is derived from the German and Yiddish word "Schreck"/"Shreck", literally meaning "Fear" or "Terror."

  ps.  shriek與 Shrek 的字源並不是相同的,但可以方便記憶。










n. [any place that is regarded as holy because of its associations with a special person or event]

  ps. 可以小到像路邊土地公的小廟,或是大到像靖國神社。

  etymology: comes from the Latin scrinium meaning "case or box for keeping papers.

   ps. enshrine v. [to enclose in or as in a shrine]








v.收縮 [become smaller]

  ex. This cloth will shrink if washed in hot water.

  ex. Car sales have been shrinking

  ex. Market is shrinking.


Alice in Wonderland Growth and Shrinking Scene

(Note: 沒有聲音)








n. [a cloth or sheet in which a corpse is wrapped for burial.]

v. [to cover; hide from view.]

  ex. previously shrouded aspects of U.S. history.

  ex. Ministers are as keen as ever to wrap their activities in a shroud of secrecy.


  ps. Shroud of Turin (耶穌的Shroud?) wiki上有圖,可以去看。







n.灌木 wiki::A shrub is distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and shorter height, usually under 6 m (20 ft) tall.

  ps. bush n. 比較矮一點(像薰衣草那種)的灌木.


  ps. scrub (p.422)  n.發育不良的矮樹叢



 How to Trim Shrubs and Prune Hedges







v.聳肩 [to raise the shoulders in an expression of doubt, rejection or indifference, etc...]

  ex. He shrugs and says "I don't know.".

  ex. try to shrug off the worst recession in living memory.

  ps. shrug也可以指一種女用jacket.








n. [shell, husk]

  ps. 非常少用到的一個字。






v.顫抖 [to tremble with a sudden convulsive movement, as from horror, fear, or cold.]

  ex. to fix my sister's computer makes me shudder...

  ex. I shudder to think of the problems ahead of us.

  ex. Bloggers often display postings that would make party censors shudder.

    ps. quiver (p.389), tremble









v. [to avoid deliberately]

  ex. to shun TV exposure 

  ex. to shun being photographed, or being tagged on Facebook.

  ps. synonym:: avoid, eschew(p.183)

  ps. 有點像中文發音的閃,又有點像日文發音 しゅん






這個動詞比較少用於日常生活中,基本概念是to shift,會用到的主要在三種領域中。

(電機) to shunt the electric current. 另外也可以稱有這種功能的device 為 a shunt.

(火車) 換軌 [to move (a railway locomotive, wagons, etc) from one track to another]

(醫學)  a channel through which blood or other bodily fluid is diverted from its normal path by surgical reconstruction or by a synthetic tube. 當名詞時 to divert blood or other fluid by means of a shunt.








adj. [like or produced with a hissing sound]

  ex. a sibilant whisper.

  ex. the sibilant noise of steam escaping

 [s] [z] [ʃ] [tʃ] [dʒ] [ʒ]. (The sounds [tʃ] [dʒ], as in chip and Jeep, are affricates; the rest are fricatives.)


 North American English Pronunciation - sibilants /s/ /z/ /S/ and /Z/








n.兄弟姊妹 [ any one of two or more people with the same parents; brother or sister ]

  ps. 填比較正式的申請文件時,像是visa就會看到這個字唷。

  ex. have two brothers and a sister: three siblings in all.

  ex. (New York times) Older siblings lied about their age to get work, so at least the younger ones could get a proper education.









n. [ any of certain women consulted as prophetesses by the ancient Greeks and Romans ]

  ps. see ball的女人


 米開朗基羅的畫:: Delphic Sibyl 特爾斐的女預言家的









adj. [of, relating to, or involving the stars]

   ex. 天文學上的Sidereal Time

   ps. consider v.考慮,也跟star有點關聯唷。


Astronomy 101: Solar vs. Sidereal Time







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