v. [to secrete or exude (perspiration) through the pores of the skin]

ex. perspiring profusely after a basketball game.


from wiki: Perspiration (sweating) is the production of a fluid consisting primarily of water as well as various dissolved solids (chiefly chlorides) , that is excreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals

review p. 39


inspire      v.鼓舞,賦予...靈感 v.吸氣

inspiration n.靈感                n.吸氣


respire      v.呼吸

respiration n.呼吸


conspire    v.同謀

conspiracy n.陰謀;謀叛;共謀


spire n.尖塔、錐形體

長的很像『字根spir 呼吸』,不要搞錯了唷












v. [to belong as a part, member, accessory, or product]

v. [to have reference, relation, or relevance]

ex. issues pertaining to women

v. [to be appropriate]

ex. the product pertains to real user needs




ten  --> tin     tain  === hold 、keep

tent      tinu






pertinacious (ˌpɜːt ə ˈneɪʃəs)


adj. [doggedly resolute in purpose or belief; unyielding; adhering resolutely to an opinion, purpose, or design ]

ex. His style of argument in meetings is not so much aggressive as pertinacious.


not so much _補語1_  as  _補語2_ :


ie. 補語2比較強

ex. Not So Much to Be Loved as to Love

ex. 更進階:I don't so much dislike him as feel sorry for him! 與其說我不喜歡他,倒不如說我可憐他!







adj. [pertaining  or relating directly and significantly to the matter at hand; relevant]

ex. pertinent details.

ex. She had asked some pertinent questions.











v. [to examine or consider with attention and in detail; study]

ex. to peruse a report.

v. [to read over in an attentive or leisurely manner ]






per-vad(to go)-e

v. [to become diffused throughout every part of]

ex. The smell of barbecue pervaded the house.

ex.a pervading sense of disaster




review p.276

字根 vad == go ...(是個小字根)


evade  v.躲避、逃避 [to escape from by trickery or cleverness]

invade  v.侵入

pervade [per(完全)-vade]  v.瀰漫於 v.遍及於






pervious 不是previous唷


adj. [able to be penetrated; permeable ]






n.[an inclination to emphasize adverse aspects, conditions, and possibilities or to expect the worst possible outcome ]

from wiki: Pessimism, from the Latin pessimus (worst), is a state of mind in which one perceives life negatively.


review p. 334 optimism

ps. Arthur Schopenhauer



EU pessimism vs. US optimism







n. [an annoying or troublesome person, animal, or thing; nuisance.]






n. [A pesticide is any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating any pest]


from wiki: DDT  is one of the most well-known synthetic pesticides. It is a chemical with a long, unique, and controversial history.

In 1962, Silent Spring by American biologist Rachel Carson was published. The book catalogued the environmental impacts of the indiscriminate spraying of DDT in the US and questioned the logic of releasing large amounts of chemicals into the environment without fully understanding their effects on ecology or human health. The book suggested that DDT and other pesticides may cause cancer and that their agricultural use was a threat to wildlife, particularly birds. Its publication was one of the signature events in the birth of the environmental movement, and resulted in a large public outcry that eventually led to DDT being banned in the US in 1972.[4] DDT was subsequently banned for agricultural use worldwide under the Stockholm Convention, but its limited use in disease vector control continues to this day and remains controversial








    xination 發表在 痞客邦 留言(5) 人氣()