interplay

inter-play

v.相互影響 [reciprocal relationship, action, or influence]

n.相互影響 [to exert influence on each other.]

ex. the interplay of light and shadow
光與影的交錯的相互作用

ex. the interplay between generosity and self-interest which influences people's actions
影響人的行為的慷慨與私利兩者的相互作用.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

interpolate

inter-pol(polish)-ate

v.插入 [To insert or introduce between other elements or parts.]

ps. 比方說插入意見在別人的談話中,或是插入一些字在文章中,這時後插入這個動作就可以用interpolate。

ex. May I interpolate a comment before you speak?

 

字源: from L. interpolare "alter, freshen up, falsify," from inter- "up" + polare, related to polire "to smoothe , polish ." Sense evolved in L. from "refurbish," to "alter appearance of," to "falsify (especially by adding new material)."

interpolate的字義來源是插入一個新的材料才使變大或改變,這邊的pol是polish的意思,是指磨光打亮之義。想表達的想法是加入個新材料就可以使它看似磨光打亮而變大變好,後來就引申成插入文字囉。

 

ps. 另外在數學中,interpolation指的是內插法:
比方說,你月初量一次體重,月底也量一次體重,然後你想利用這兩組data來估計出你月中的體重,這就是interpolation的大概了。

 

 

review p.195

extrapolate

extra(outside)-pol(polish)-ate  [其實是由 extra-(inter)polate組合而成]

v.推斷 [to infer (an unknown) from something that is known; conjecture.]

ex. We don't know the exact figure for forest damage, but we can extrapolate from the sample surveys.
我們不知道森林破壞的精確數字,但是我們可以從抽樣的測量來推算。

v. 外推法(或稱外插法)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

interregnum (ˌɪntəˈrɛɡnəm)

inter-regnum(=reign)

n.空位期 [The interval of time between the end of a sovereign's reign and the accession of a successor.]

ps.新王尚未登基舊王統治已結束的空位期,比方說秦始皇的老爸(秦莊襄王)死了的時候,秦始皇還年幼(13歲)然後還要服喪,所以還不能登基統治,這時期就可以稱是 interregnum。另外可以衍生指過渡期的意思。

ex. No one in the interregnum seemed to feel final responsibility, and so matters drifted along.
在新舊總統交替期間,似乎誰也不願意承擔最後的責任,於是事情就這樣隨波逐流下去了。

 

字源: L. interrēgnum . rēgnum "reign"

 

interregnum:government=hibernation:activity
無王時期沒有統治=冬眠沒有活動

 

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字根

reg  --> rig  == king, rule, right

regul

 

regal         a.帝王的、華麗的=splendid

regal-ity     n.王位、王權

 

regent   n.攝政者 [代國王統治者]

 

regime    n.政治制度      ex.democratic regime.

reign       n.統治時期     ex.the reign of Elisabeth III.  // 跟 resign v.辭職 長的很像

 

region     n.區域、領域

realm      n.領土、領域

 

regulate         v.規定、管理

regulation       n.規定、管理

regular           a.正規的

regularity        n.規定

 

regiment  n.團 [ex.砲兵團]   v.嚴密的編組、嚴格的管制

 

rigid         a.嚴格的、僵硬的

rigidity      n.嚴格、僵硬

 

rigor           n.嚴格    (the rigor of wartime existence.)

rigorous      a.嚴格的

 

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deign    v.屈尊俯就   [是字根dign發展出來的]

feign     v.假裝       [想成fabricate]

reign     n.統治時期   [是字根reg發展出來的]

 

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review
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字根 rog == ask

 

ab-rog-ate      v.廢止

ab-rog-ation    n.廢止

 

ar-rog-ance   n.傲慢;自大

ar-rog-ant     a.傲慢的;自大的

ar-rog-ate     v.擅取

 

de-rog-ate       v.貶低;誹謗

de-rog-ation     n.貶低;誹謗

 

inter-rog-ate        v.審問

inter-rog-ation      n.審問

inter-rog-ative      a.質問的

 

pre-rog-ative   n.特權  adj.有特權的  [先要求]

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interrogate (ɪnˈtɛrəˌɡeɪt)

inter-rog(ask)-ate

v.審問 [To examine by questioning formally or officially]

ex. The police took a long time to interrogate the offenders fully.
警察花了很長時間對人犯進行了詳細的審問。

 

字源:L. interrogātus "examine"--- inter - rogā(re) "to ask" -tus "suffix"

 

 

 

 

 

 

interrogative (ˌɪntəˈrɒɡətɪv)

inter-rog(ask)-ative

adj.疑問的 [Asking a question or being of the nature of a question]

ex. An interrogative gesture or tone of voice shows that you want to know the answer to a question.

 

ps. interrogative常用在在文法上唷。

例如 Interrogative Pronouns = 疑問代名詞 who, which


"教你日文的what is it要怎麼說"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

interrupt

inter-rupt(break)

v.打斷 [to cause or make a break in the continuity or uniformity of (a course, process, condition, etc.).]

ex. I'm sorry to interrupt your meditations.
我很抱歉,打斷你思考問題了。

 

 

 

 

 

 

intersect

inter-sect(cut)

v.橫斷 [to cut or divide by passing through or across]

ps. intersect這個字的概念是某一個東西經過,而將此劃分

ex. The highway intersects the town.

ex. A river intersects the plain.
一條河貫穿那片平原。

v.相交 [ to cross, as lines or wires]

ex. lines intersect to form right angles.
交叉成直角的線

字源: L. intersecāre : inter + secāre " to cut"

ps. intersection n.十字路口

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

intersperse (ˌɪntəˈspɜːs)

inter-sperse(scatter)

v.散佈 [to scatter here and there or place at intervals among other things]

ex. to intersperse red and blue tiles on the walls
在牆上點綴紅色和藍色的瓷磚

ex. to intersperse praise with constructive criticism.
在稱讚之餘給予建設性的批評

 

intersperse字源: L. interspersus : inter + spersus, comb. form of sparsus, ptp. of spargere to scatter

另外我們之後也會遇到一個字sparse,它也是一樣發展字L. spargere的

sparse adj.稀疏的

字源:sparsus, ptp. of spargere to scatter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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